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REYNOLDS HISTORICAL 
GENEALOGY COLLECTION 



ANNUAL REPORT 




OF 1 ilK 



I Minnesota Hiskjkical Society^ 



TO TliK 



LEGISLATURE 01^ ^HNNESOTA, 



FOR TH]^: ^'EAR 1872. 7 ^ 




^— 



Ivra.i a?id adopted a i iJic Atniual Meeii)fg of the Society^ 
'Jafutary 13, 1873. 



SAINT VAUL: 

K K S R r R 1 N 1 ! N G C O M I' A N Y 
187^. 



OtFICF-RS OF THE SOCIETY. 



rKESIDENT : 

UON. E. F. DRAKE. 

VICE ri:i-:3ij>nNTS : 

1. KEV. F. T. BROWN, D. D , 

2. REV. JOHN IRELAND, 

3. WILLIAM 11. KELLEY. 

SECRI'.TAKY AND TRKASURKK : 

J. FLETCHER WILLIA^^S. 



Capt. K. BLiT^eky, 
Rev. F. T. Browi], D. D., 
J. B. Chaney, 
Hon. E. F. Drake, 
Judge A. Goodrich, 
Geo. A. Ilamiltoi), 
AlfredJ. Hill, 
Jame*J J. Hill, 
Sherwood Hough. 
Rev. Johu Iiolaiul, 
Gen. S. F. [Jenuison, 
\im. II. Kclloy, 
Johu D. Luddcu, 



KXIiCUlIVE COUNCIL. 

Ex-Gov. AVm. R 



Marshall. 
}\cv. J. Mattocks, 
Dr. Brewer Mattocks, 
Charles E. Mayo, 
Rev. S. Y. McMasters, D. D. 
Dr. J. H. Murphy, 
Rev. E. D. Keill, 
J. V. Pond, 
lion. Henry M. Rice, 
R. 0. Sweeny, 
Gen. II. H. Sibley, 
J. F. ^yilliams. 



UEPOilT OF THE EXECUTIVE COUXCLL. 



The Historical Society has just closed a very successful 
year, perhaps in many respects the most so of its career, 
and in presenting their Annual Report, the Executive Coun- 
cil again congratulates the members, and the people oi the 
State generally, cn the gratifying condition of usefulness 
and success to which it has advanced. It has nov,- reached 
a stage in which it can compare favorably with similar soci- 
eties in older states, very much longer established, and 
under much more favorable advantngcs for accomplishing 
the work devolving on such institutions. These facts arc 
mentioned, not in any spirit of boasting, or self-praise, but 
to show that our condition is creditable to the generous and 
enlightened action of our State, which has mainl\' enabled 
lis to accomplish what we have. 

THE LIBKAKY. 

During the past year avc have received as accessions to 
the library, as follows: Bound volumes, 577 ; jnunphlels 
and unbound volumes, 233 ; photographs, 41 ; MSS, 5 ; en- 
gravings, 29 ; curiosities, 97; newspapers, 2; broadsides, 
C ; maps, 14. 

The sources from which ti^e bound volumes were received 
is as lollows : By gilt and exchange, 70 ; by purchase, 409 ; 
binding, 79. 

The total number of bound volumes in the library i\i pres- 
ent, is 529G, and ol pamphlets, 8390, or in all, 13,G^'j pub- 



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4: 



ANNUAL I'tKl'OJrr. 



licatioiis, being by far the largest, as we consider it the most 
valuable, collection in the Slate. 

TRINCirAL AVORKS ADDED. 

The following partial list of gifts and pnrchasos of works 
will show what are the nature and value of the principal 
accessions to our bound books the past year : 

American Indians and Antiquities, — Ojibwa Testament ; 
Tanner's Narrative of Indian Captivity; Stone's Life ot 
Brant; Life of Red Jacket; Lngan and Cresap ; McKenne}' 
& Hall's Indian Tribes of North America, 3 vols. ; Ameri- 
can Life and Character ; Traditional History of the Ojibwas ; 
Drake's Book of the Indians ; History ot the Baptist Indian 
Missions; Morse's Report on Indian Aflairs, 1822 ; Cos- 
tumes, Habits and Character of the Aborigines of America. 

Politics and Political Economy, — Cobden Club Essays, 
2ud Series ; The Oberlin ^yellington Rescue ; Thompson's 
Lectures and Debates on Slavery ; De Tocqueville's Democ- 
racy ; The Federalist, 2 vols. ; The Pamphleteer, 22 vols. ; 
Bound pamphlets on Slavery, 3 vols. 

The Behellion. — The Sanitary Commission in the Valley 
of the I\Ii3sissippi ; Orders of the AYar Department, 
1861-G5, 2 vols. ; History of the 8th Wisconsin Volunteers ; 
Army of the Cumberland, 5th Annual Reunion ; Prison 
Prose and Poetry, (Confederate.) 

Public Documents. — Blue Book, 1872: Journals and 
Documents of Congress, 28 vols. ; Congressional Globe, b 
vols. ; Patent Office Specifications, New Series, 51 vols. 

Encyclo2)edias and Works of Peference.- lhxyHn's Diction- 
ary of Sciences ; do. of the Bible ; do. of Dates ; Chambers' 
Encyclopedia of Literature, 2 vols.; do. of Infoiination, 2 
vols. ; Fosbrooke's Encycloi)cdia of Antiquities, 2 vols. ; 
Lewis's Topogra[)hical J)iciionary of England, Scotland, 
Ireland, c^c, 15 vols. ; Applcton's Annual Encyclopedia for 
1871; Thom's Irish Almanac, 1872 ; Edinburg Almanac, 
1872 ; British Almanac and Companion, 1872; Hone's 
Every Day Book, 4 vols. ; Historical Record for 1872. 



MINXE50TA UrsfOKICAJi SOCIETY. 



5 



Bibliographical. — Sabin's Dictionary of American Books, 
C) parts; Private Liln-arics of New York; AUibonc's Dic- 
tionary of Authors, 3 vols. ; Brilisli Museum Hand Book ; 
Notes 8ur la Xouvelle France, (Harris) ; Second Supplement 
to the Catalogue of the N. Y. Mercantile Library ; Index 
Catalogue of the Xew York State Library. 

European Ilistorj/. — Lingard's Ili.^lory of England, 10 
volumes; Benton's Naval History of England, 3 vols.; 
Fuller's Church History of England, 3 vols; Nichol's 
Pedigree of the English People ; Russell's Modern Europe, 
4 vols.; Knight's Pictorial History of England, 8 vols.; 
Gibbon's Rome, 2 vols. 

Works on the West and JYorlhivesC. — Carver's Travels, 
third London edition; Colton's Tour of the Great Lakes; 
Narrative of Occurrences in the Indian Countries of North 
American ; IJmphreville's Hudson Bay ; Sheldon's Michigan ; 
Annals of San Frajicisco ; McFie's Van Couvcr's Island and 
British Columbia; Lea's Notes on Wisconsin Territory; 
Minnesota as a Home for Invalids ; Red River, by J. J. 
Hargraves ; Wisconsin Legislative Manual for 1872 ; James 
HalTs ^'Statistics of the West;" Tales of the Northwest, by 
William J. Snolling; The Net in the Bay, by the Bishop 
of Rupert's Land ; Hudson's Bay, or Every Day Life in the 
Wilds of North America; Agassiz's Lake Superior. 

Travels and Explorations in America^ JJescriptive Works, 
&o. — Ivendall's Santa Fc Expedition, two volumes ; Coxc's 
Carolana; Trollope's Domestic Manners of the Americans, 
two voknncs ; Ross's Narrative of Arctic Explorations ; 
Dicken's American Notes ; Faux's lAIemorable Days ; Bouch- 
ettc's Canada; Parry's Journal of Arctic Exploration; 
Whymper's Alaska ; Featherstonhaugh's Excursion through 
the Slave States, two volumes ; Humboldt's Travels, seven 
volumes; Miss Martineau's Retrospect of Western Travel ; 
Van Couver's Voyage, six volumes ; Brantz Mayer's Mexico ; 
Bradbury's Travels; IMrs. Ellet's Summer l\ambles in the 
West. 

General American y 6la/e or Local Jlisiory. — Gordon's 
American Lulcpcndencc, four volumes; Niles' Piinciplns 



/ 

6 ANNUAL KKPOUT. 

and Acts of the devolution ; Lossing's Field Book of the 
Kcvolution, two volumes ; Elliot's Debates on the Federal 
Constitution, tive volumes ; Conwallis' Correspondence, three 
volunjcs ; Williams' History of the Invasion and Capture of 
Washington ; Sabine's Loyalists ; Cooper's Xaval IIi.>:tory of 
the United States, two volumes; Massachusetts Historical 
Collections, twenty-three volumes; Frescott's Conquest of 
Mexico, three vols, ; Stiles' History of Winsor, Connecticut; 
Hudson's History of Lexington, Massachusetts ; Barry's His- 
tory of Hanover, ^Massachusetts ; Jackson's History of New- 
ton, Massachusetts ; Bartlett'sl^i'^rim Fathers ; Stiles' His- 
tory of Brooklyn, three volumes; Hough's Siege ot Charles- 
ton; Hough's Siege of Savannah; Rhode Island Historical 
Collections, four volumes; AVilliamsburg Orderly Book; 
Collins' Sketches of Kentucky; Jones' Oneida County, New 
York; Clarke's Onondaga County, New York, two volumes ; 
Marbois' History of Louisiana ; Anuals of the Iowa Histori- 
cal Society, six volumes; Robertson's History of America, 
two volumes ; Early History ot the Falls of the Schuylkill ; 
Westfield, r^Lassachusetts Bi-Contenary ; Long Island His- 
torical Collections, two volumes; Annals of Tryon County, 
New York; Cists' Cincinnati in 1851. 

Genealorji/^ Jnorirapliy and 1 hraldry . — Visitations of Ox- 
fordshire and Devonshire, (Harleian MSS.) Drake's Diction- 
ary of American Biography ; Patronymica l^ritannica ; An- 
derson's Surnames ; New England Historical and Genealog- 
ical Register, 1872 ; New York Genealogical and l^iograph- 
ical Record, 1872 ; Lippincott's Dictionary ot Biogra[)hy, 2 
vols.; Hayden's Index of Biography; Dc Brett's Peerage, 
Baronetage and Commons, 3 vols. ; Williment's Regal Her- 
aldry ; I>radford's Arms of the Bishops ; Elli>' Antiquities 
of Heraldry; l>urke's Pedigrees of Extinct iKironels ; Gene- 
alogies of the following American families: — Appleton, 
Alden, Abbott, Allen, BoUes, Bellows, Bergen, Brattle, 
Clark, Capron, Cushman, Chauncy, Drake, J^iidley, Day, 
Dumaresq, Fiske, Foister, Fuller, Foote, Oilman, Good- 
win, Guild, Gale, Grant, Glover, Hutchinson and Oliver, 
Hutchinson and ]\Iarbury,, Ilurlbut, Holt, i -.a.-^t ing-, Hoyt, 



MIXXESOTA IlISTOlilC/.L SOCIETY. 



4 



HuntingdoD, Hunt, ILuiis, Hull, Holmes, Hosmcr, Holton, 
Jarvis, Judd, Kilbouni, Lawrence, Loomis, Macy, Mont- 
gomery, Miidgc, Olmstead, Pratt, Pock, Pcabody, Klehard- 
son, lledficld, Stranahan, ^Stetson, Pawson, Stiles, Stoddard, 
Steele, Shattuck, Stickney, Slafter, Todd, Van Brunt, Yin- 
ton, AVard, Watkin and Winchcll; Diirrie's Index to Amer- 
ican Pedigrees; Savage's Genealogical Dictionary, 4 vols. ; 
Samuel Adams' Life and Services, 3 vols. ; Life of Gov. x^. 
Edwards, of 111.; Obituary Addresses on Daniel Webster; 
Ilazlctt's Napoleon ; Memoir of Lieut. Greblc, U. S. A. ; 
Life of Josiah Quincy. 

rUKCUASES. 

The amount expended during 1872 for books was slightly 
in exc3ss of any previous year. In all $9G5 were paid for 
books, purchasing 4.00 bound vclunies, being an average ot 
about $2.10 per volume. Consideting the rarity and high 
price of some classes of works wc are collecting, such as 
encyclopedias and costly works of reference, this average 
cost is certainly low, as any experienced book gatherer must 
admit. Some of these works have been out of print tor 
many years, and only turn up at long intervals in catalogues 
ot book sales. These are carefully and vigilantly vratched, 
smd our airangements for securing them are very complete 
and satisfactory. Ariy one examining the list before given 
must agree that the v.oiks are very suitable to our library 
and entirely within the purview of such an institution. In 
view of the competition now going on between the i^urvey- 
ors of our numerous piil'lic and private libraries, we have 
been very fortunate in securing the choice works mentioned, 
so that wc can conirratulate ourselves in havinii made sub- 
stantial and good [)rogress during the year, to.va;ds aecumu- 
latinir such a librarv as an institution like this should have. 
AVc sa}' "towards" iiccunnilating it, for while valuable 
generally and full in many de[)arlments, it is yet very f;ir 
from the collection wc hope ultimtitely to have. 



8 



ANNUAL ]lEPOIiT 



PRESENT CONDITION OF THE LIBHARr. 

Slill, Ave have good reason for feeling a pride in it as it is, 
and to show this, a ghince at its general condition may not 
be uninteresting to our friends and patrons who have had no 
opportunity of visiting it. 

Our lirst business was, of course, to secure every work 
relating directly or indirectly, in whole or in part, to Minne- 
sota. This we have accomplished so completely, that on our 
shelves v/ill be found almost everything that can illustrate the 
history of ^linncsota. There are only one or tvro trilling pub- 
lications known on this subject that we have failed to secure. 
Even pamphlets, transient issues of the press, broadsides, pro- 
grammes, circulars, waifs that are generally thrown aside at 
the time as trash," — there is nothing apparently too trivial 
to find a place in our collection on our own State. Hence, our 
collection is necessarily ver}' complete, and as we have been 
some eight or ten years in accomplishing this, it would in 
all probability jcquire that much time for any other institu- 
tion to procure a similar collection, even if at this day it 
could be done at all. We have reason to know that uur 
works on this subject have proved of the ver}' greatest value 
and usefulness to our citizens in many ways, and it is now 
pretty generally understood that when a book or document 
cannot be found au}' where else, the ** Historical Society has 
it." The numerous references to this department for statis- 
cal or other information by persons sometimes taking jour- 
neys of considerable length for the purpose, and even the 
use of our documents as evidence in courts, lully establishes 
its value and usefulness. 

On the subject of western :ind north-western history, 
geography, and descriptive works, to which we are also, of 
course, giving special attention, we are beginning to be very 
strong, some 500 works directly embraced under that head, 
and many more intimately connected with it, evinces our 
diligent and succL'ssful search in that field. They embrace 
very many of the early voyages and explorations in Xou- 
clle France," and " Louisiana," and the desori[)tive and his- 



iMIX-NKSOTA lirSTOlilGAI, SOCIICTV. 



9 



torical writings of the early FicMicli explorers and Relations 
of the Jesuit inissi.)naries. We have still nuicli to do in 
this field, but if Ave continue to have means, the works 
needed cannot much longer escape the vigilant eyes of our 
book committee. In some special portions of this depart- 
ment v/e are almost absolutels' complete. Fpr instance, one 
oi our sub-specialties has been the Red River or Hudson's 
lV<\y region. It is pleasant to know that almost every work 
pertaining to that region mentioned in Bibliographies dating 
from 1744 to the present year, including also documents of 
the Canadian and British Parliaments down to the close of 
the Riel R?beHion" is in our Librar}'. Gentlemen from 
2\[anitoba who have examiaed it say there is no collection 
so com])lete in all British America, save in the Parliamen- 
tary Library at Ottawa. Our collection on the West, gen- 
erally, is designed to include the central States and Terri- 
tories, Government explorations, geological or scientific and 
topographical surveys in v/hal are now known as Dakota, 
Nebraska, Colorado, Montana, &c., and even Oregon and 
Washington and the Pacific Coast, as a good collection 
of works on British Columbia and Van Couver's Island 
testify. ■ Our travels and explorations in America, par- 
ticularly the west, include the most valuable works down 
to a late period. 

On general American and State History we are accumii- 
lating a fine collection, and local history has not been over- 
looked as far as our means would permit. So many of these 
works having been published only by subscription, and be- 
.coming so soon out of print, makes it difficult to collect 
them. They are high priced, but absolutel}^ indispensable to 
the Library wc hope time and moans will enable ns to accu- 
mulate. The publications of most of the Historical and Anti- 
quarian Sociclies of the United States. are also in our Libraiy. 
Of documentary and archival works pertaining to the United 
States, we have a very fine collec'ion, embracing comi)lete 
csts of the Annals of Congress, Force's Amcricm Archives, 
American State Pa})ers, Congressional Globe, I'^lliot's 
l)ates, and other works of that class. Xile.>.' Regislej- might 



10 ANNUAL JU^L'OKT. 

be mentioned in this connection. The docuni(.'nt.s and 
Journals of Congress, several iiundred volumes, li ivo been 
Bccured ccinplete from 1841 to the present time, a period 
of almotit 30 years. A\'e have also the publications of several 
States, Coionial and Provincial Papers, etc., those of Xew 
York, Pennsylvania, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, &c., 
being most proniinent, and of the more valuable publications 
of various States, such as Legislative and Executive Docu- 
ments, Agricultural, Educational and Statistical Reports, 
Geological Surveys, Journals and Statutes, we have a large 
number. 

European History, both ancient and modern, has also 
received the attention due in a library of this nature. Of 
English History alone we have a collection numbering 300 
volumes, 220 of Avhich are the very valuable, and in some 
cases rare, publications ot the British Record Commission. 
Of standard magazines and reviews, such as ]31ackwood's, 
the Edinburg, Dodsley's Register, Hunt's Merchants' Mag- 
azine, Historical Magazine, and others, wc have complete or 
nearly complete sets. 

A number of works of reference, such as Dictionaries, 
Gazetteers, Encyclopedias, (among the latter both the Amer- 
ican and Britannica,) works costl}^ but indispensable, will 
give the reader ample facilities for reference on aliu hst any 
imaginalde topic. This department will still be extended. 
While the lover of Genealogy — and nearly every one now 
seems tinctured with a taste for that interesting study — will 
find on our shelves over 100 of the best general works on the 
subject, besides pedigrees of a great number of separate 
families, an entire librar}' of a collector being ;iniong the 
purchases the ])ast year. The bi(.>gra[)hical de[)artn]ent is 
also strong, as well as llie subject of the Xorth American 
Indians, a class of works in great demand by collectors just 
now. In Bibliography, a necessary class of works in a 
library, we have a few o( great value and do-irability. On 
the subject of American Siaveiy and tli(^ Rebellion, another 
class of work's nov/ much sought after by collectors and 
libraries, we have a considerable number — the foreshadow- 



MINNESOTA UISTOIilCAI. SOCIEIY. 



u 



ing, wo trust, of a choice and valiial)ic alcove lllled \Yilli. 
those works — including not only hound volunios, but pani[)li- 
lets, scrap-books of newspaper cuttings, MSS. (such as Con- 
federate and Union Order ])Ooks), and Confederate public 
documents, trophies, battle relics, c^-c. 

Of American Patent Oflice Keports, we have all from 
1844, and the only set in the State of the new scries. The 
latter are referred to more fully elsewhere. 

Our newspaper collection is one of the most valua):>le fea- 
tures of our libraiy, and so lar as Minnesota journals are 
concerned, is so nearly complete tbit wc can excusably 
boast of its value. It is referred to more fully in another 
place. Our pamphlet collection, also more fully described 
elsewhere, is too becoming a source of pride, and now num- 
bers over 8,000 separate volumes and documents. Of maps 
jind charts of the northwest, and Minnesota in particular, 
we have a very fine colIcctio]"i, l)eing ii] some sub-series, 
almost complete. In portraits, engravings and MSS., ^vc 
have made gratifying progress towards a good collection. 

'We make this exhibit to show that our expenditures and 
efforts the past six or eight years have not been v/ithoiit abun- 
dant fruit, but wisely and successfully directed to building 
up a collection which is undeniably a credit to the State, of 
intrinsic value far greater than its cost, ajid which, if con- 
tinued with the success which it has hitlicrto enjoyed, must 
soon become, if it is not now, an institution in our State 
that no citizen can fail to l^eel a just pride in. 

GIFTS. 

Very many and vciy generous have been the gifts be- 
stowed on us the past year by our patrons. \\\' can, how- 
ever, only enumerate :i few of the princi})al ones. lion. 
Alex. Kamsey has secured for us thirty-one volumes of Con- 
gressional Publications ; Hon. yi. II. Duimcll, tliirtccn, and 
Hon. J. T. Averill, fourteen. The Ohio Hist, aiid Philo- 
sophical Society places us in their debt for eleven volume^ and 
eighty pam[)hlets, all very desirable. W . M. Stees, of St. 



12 



ANNUAL liEPOUT. 



Paul, nine volumes ; G.J. Kice, eight volumes ; Capt. K 
]3iakeley, three vciy valuable books. Smaller, but no less 
■welcome additions have been made by Capt. W. ]M. Heath, 
Hon. J. S. Letford, o( Carver, A. Lasher, A. J. Hill, Uev. 
E. F. Slafter, of Boston, ^laj. Gen. Hancock and others. 
Gifts of newspaper files, pamphlets, ma[)s, curiosities, ifcc, 
are mentioned under those special heads, and a complete 
list of donors of books and pamphlets ^^ivcn in the appendix, 
to which reference is hereby made. The Society gratefully 
appreciates the generous contributions of our friends, to 
whom our thanks are returned, in general and in particular. 

PAMrilLKTS. 

Our pamphlet collection has received a large accession of 
valuable documents thu past year, both by purchase, ex- 
change and gift. The principal donors are Irving Todd, 84 , 
E. P. Boon, X. Y., 57 ; Ptcv. J. F. Tuttle, 5 ; Hon. Alex. 
Ramsey, 14 ; Hon. James Shaw, III., 25 ; F. A. Holden, 4 ; 
Dr. Samuel A. Green, 11 ; Maryland Historical Society, 17 ; 
Astor Library, N. Y., 24; Ohio Historical and Philosophi- 
cal Societ}', 80 ; J. F. Williams, 9. Most of these are 
choice and valuable. Our Pamphlet collection has now in- 
creased to over 8,000 numbers. It is especially rich on 
many subjects now much sought for by collectors. Most of 
the pamphlets are,assorted by subjects, and tied in temporary 
volume covers. When our collection becomes somewhat 
more complete, many of them can profitably bo bound, thus 
forming a very valuable collection. 

PATENT OFITCE SrECIFICATIONS. 

The old issue of Patent Ofilce Peports, with which every 
one is familiar, and looked on generally as so much rubbish, 
to be ultimately thrown into the waste basket, has been 
supcrcedcfl i)y a new series, more full and explicit in the 
specifications, and handsomely illustrated. These are not 
distributed in the hap-hazard, broadcast style of the old 



]\lIXXESOTA lIISTOrJCAL SOCIETr. 



13 



reports, but sets are deposited with certain libraries in each 
State, under regulations made by Congress. Through the 
kind influence ot Gov. Austin, this Library was designated 
as the one, [and the only one under the act of Congress 
inentioncd] in this State, to be the depository of a set of the 
specifications. Taken in connection with our series of the 
past tw^cnty-eight years, it forms a valuable library of refer- 
ence for the mechanics, inventors and artisans of our State, 
and is very largely consulted, sometimes by persons from a 
considerable distance. Fifty-four volumes have been issued 
during the year, and at the rate of their issue, the series will 
alone fill an alcove in a fcAV mouths. 



NEWSPAPERS. 



The value and importance of this departipent of our Libra- 
ry can hardly be rightly estimated, except by one like the 
Librarian, who daily sees evidences of it. AA^e now receive 
over one hundred journals, comprising nearly all of those 
printed in this State. These are the generous gifts of the 
publishers, and have been contributed to us with the under- 
standing that they are to be preserved by the Society as a 
collection of the journalistic literature of the State, reflecting 
credit on that honorable profession, and at the same time of 
great use and value to the citizens. The collection, arrange- 
ment, care and completion of so man}' issues, of course 
demands a considerable share of the Librarian's time, but 
not disproportioned to the value of the department as com- 
pared with the rest of the Library. That care has enabled 
us to exhibit with peculiar pride the shelves strained with 
the w^eight of over 300 bound volumes of these worfvs, while 
we have also at least 100 volumes ready for the binder. 
They extend back over a full century of our national exis- 
tence, and may be said to chronicle with more than a 
historian's accuracy or minuteness, the important events of 
that peri )d. Of many of the journals of our State wo have 
the only existing files. And so valuable — so utterly irrc- 
placable by any sum of money, indeed, has our whole 



Id 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



collection become, it makes iis solicitous for their safety, 
iincl is the principal argument for that fire-proof depository 
in which ^vc iiopc crc many years to secure our bibliothccal 
treasures. Their destruction b\' fire would bo a loss to the 
State nolo incalculable, to be more and more keenly deplored 
as years roll on. In addition to the journals above men- 
tioned, regularly sent to us by the publishers, we have 
received by purchase and gift a number of others. From 
M. C. Eussell, of Jjraincrd, 2 bound volumes of the Winona 
Dail}' Democrat, 18G5 ; from G. A. Hamilton, six volumes, 
unbound, of various journals; from Col. John 11. Stevens, 
of Minneapolis, files of early territorial papers; from llcv. 
John Mattocks, some additions the very valuable lot of 
Kevolutionary papers contributed by him last year; from J. 
D. Kickerson, 3 volumes of the Army and Xavy Journal, 
c^c, &c. Arrangements were made during the year to 
secure the leading dailies of New Yoik, Philadelphia, 
Cincinnati, Chicago, and other principal cities, these form- 
ing in a shoit time a journalistic library invaluable for 
relerence on almost every co!iceivable topic of the times. 

rOrvTKAlTS, MAPS, CUrJOSlTIES, c^C. 

Our appeal to our old pioricers and prominent men for 
their portraits, has met with some response. Wc" have 
received their photographs at least, and hope in time for 
something more durable and satisfactory. It ought not to 
be fear of an accusation of vanity that prevents the pioneers 
of our State from depositing their portraits with us to pre- 
serve for the generations to come after us, for wc have 
requcbtcd them to do so, as a duly they owe to an institu- 
tion like this, and the}' should comply in that light. During 
the summer our Librarian, while on a visit East, discovered, 
and procured a cop^' of a portrait ot Col. Josiah Snelling. 
Perhaps othei portraits of pioneers, not now knuwn to be in 
existence, can be discovered and procured. It would be 
gratifying to have those of every one prominently connectcil 
with the hibtoiy of Minnesota. Some valuable pictures and 



3IINXi:SOTA llIS'I'OIilCAL SOCri^TV. 



15 



engravings htivo been contributed by Joiin McAllister, tlio 
well known antiquarian of* Philadelphia; also by Geo. K. 
Stuntz, of Duluth ; and thirty-tivc photograpiis fvc m the 
justly celebrated gallery of Charles K. Zinmiernian, of St. 
Paul. We reoret that our wall room is now so limited we 

o 

can scarcel}' do justice in hanging the picture? we have 
received. 

Some very valuable maps, most of them ])erl:iiiiing to 
Minnesota, or to the region closely surVounding it, liave 
been contributed by Geo. Freudenreich, Hon. G. A. Puck- 
holt, A. J. Hill, L. W. Slratton, Gen. D. Flower, G. 
Jay Pice, F. B. Mayer, Maj. Gen. Hancock, J. ]\L Wing 
and \V. A. Truesdell, and others. Our map and atlas de- 
partment is rapidly becoming full and valuable, and is aug- 
mented by purchases as we have opportunity. 

A very valuable aiid coniplete set of the copper and nicklc 
coins of the United States, from 1787 down, 85 in number, 
was presented to us by H. P. Frothingham, of Charlestown , 
Mass. Curious and interesting relics of the late civil strife 
have been received from Dr. P. Barton, Charles Eaton and 
others. From E. D. 1^. Porter, a handsome cane made from 
the gallows at IMankato on which the 38 Indian murderers 
wore executed in 1862, and other valuable additions to our 
cabinet from Ex-Gov. Miller, Charles H. Oakes, J. B. 
Chancy, H. D. Champlin, W. W. Champlin, Maj. Gen, 
Hancock, S. J. Willard, Dr. P. L. Hatch, A. Moore, Sr., 
and others. Unless our apartments are enlarged we will 
soon have little or no room to properly display our cabinet. 

FINANCES. 

The Treasurer's books show the expenditures of the 
Society the past year to be as follows : 



16 



ANNUAL KEPOllT. 



iJUUKoj - » - - 




i^in/'lino' — ~ — 
XJ\\.\KX\\\^^ — • • 


- I) O U L' 


l\<A[)lLbb tlliU JlLIL^llL, 


7 O 1 ^' 

1 1 \o 


i OSUli^C, - - • - 




Olili-lUUUl > J - - 


11 9 


ITi 1 1'n 1 1 1 1 >'»"> _ _ 

JL^ 11 i 11 1 1 11 1 V, J - - 


lOu 41; 


Miscellaneous, - - - 


27 70 


Printing, - - 


12 40 


Tii«;ii vniipo rrDT' Ilit'PP vPiii'-^ "1 - 

X llO LI i LA Xi O \ IVyl tiXLv^V^ y \^ c4 L o , 1 


- XO\J KJKJ 


Salary of Librarian, - 


1,100 00 




$2,(j27 67 



LIBRARY AVORK AND 3IAXAGEMENT. 
t 

Hitherto our Secretary has been also our Acting Librarian, 
thus devolving on one officer the entire management of the 
work and details of. the librnr}', which, with the other duties 
required of him — duties, too, quite varied and 02:>posite in 
their nature — has more fully engrossed his time the past 
year than the proper care of health would usually warrant. 
It has been, however, in« a great measure unavoidable, in 
order to give the greatest possible accomnK)dalion to the 
public. Our library is perfectly free in every respect. 
Perhaps no library in the country places less restrictions on 
its ure and enjoyment than arc enforced in this. The most 
free and unlimited use consistent with safety and proper care 
of the books is allowed to all. It is also open a greater 
number of hours than any library in the United States, 
having but one attendant. For several months past it has 
been open twelve and fourteen hours out of ever}^ twenty-four 
— not even excepting holidays. Xo cJTort has been spared 
to learn and adopt the best regulations for arrangement and 
classification, numbering and preservation o( books, and care 
of various articles, which are in force in other libraries. 
During the past year our librarian visited nearly fifty of the 
best public libraries in the United States, carefully studying 
their economy and modes of management. Tl^a experience 



MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



thus gained has been profitably applied to the regulation of 
our own library. 

RE-ISSUK OF OUR COLLECTIONS. 

lu our last annual report, leferciice was made to the fact 
that the first volume of our Collections was entirely out of 
print, and there was an urgent necessity for its re-publica- 
tion, as there were frequent demands for it. The fact having 
been communicated to the Legislature, with very gratifying 
appreciation that body ordered the work to be executed by 
the State Printer. It has been completed in creditable style, 
and will extend our system of exchanges very much. 

ROOMS. 

There still appears, as yet, no way in vv^hich our apart- 
ments can be enlarged, but we need more room very 
urgently. Our Librarian has about exhausted all his resources 
of arrangement, in providing shelf-room for books and 
arranging the cases so as not to overcrowd the room. Wo 
must soon, however, have more space or bo actually retarded 
in our work and progress. 

MATERIALS FOR MINNESOTA lirSTORY. 

During the past year, a determined eflort has been made 
to secure from our old pioneers and eail}' settlers, an account 
of their own personal adventures and experiences in the early 
settlement of Minnesota, and other reminiscences of the 
pioneer days of our State. Circulars asking lor written 
statements embodying the above, wore sent to all who.se 
address could be reached, and also, printed in several news- 
papers. The result was most gratifying. Nearly all kindly 
res])onded, some very full and compleie, others more mea- 
gerly, but all giving raluable information, nowhere else on 
record, and placing in the archives ot^ this Society a large 
mass ot materials for the early hibtory of the State, and 
3 



18 



ANNUAL REPOTIT. 



memorials of its pioneers, whose value cannot be estimated 
in money. We hope to successfully continue our eflbrts in 
this direction until our record and account of the first settle- 
ment of every county and town in the State is coinjilete. This 
must be done soon, if at all, or those ^vho alone can supply the 
material needed will be no more. iici])idly, very rapidly, they 
are passing away, and soon the last name on the fast-shortening 
roll will be erased. We urge our meoibcrs, correspondents 
and patrons feeling an interest in this work, to redoubled 
vigilance and activity. Let each one secure the account of 
some aged pioneer in his reach, and forward it to us. Some 
have already done so. The whole burden of this should not 
be left to rest on the only working ofacer we have. He is 
doing all tliat perhaps can, under the circumstances, be done, 
but the details of the v\'ork and management of our now 
large and rapidly increasing librar}', and its rapidly increas- 
ing use by the public, now engross so much of his time, 
that it really leaves him but little opportunity to collect and 
write up the material referred to, nor can he be expected to 
make journeys into distant parts of the State to collect 
these facts, unless relieved from his duties here. We must 
therefore ask the co-operation of our friends and members 
e\eryNYhere. If this material is not collected, the Society 
cannot justly be blamed with the neglect, as they have done 
what they could with the means at xheiv disposal. 

We again appeal urgently for original papers for the fu- 
ture issues of our Collections. There are in our State a 
number of gentlemen interested in historical research, who 
are amply qualified to enrich our pages with articles on Min- 
nesota history, and we hope that through the coining year 
they may be induced to furnish an abundance of contribu- 
tions, which we will endeavor to proin])tly publish. 

f • 

OUK THREE -FOLD WORK. 

What, it might be asked by one unacrjuaintod with the work 
w^hich the Society is attempting to i)erf<)rin, is its peculiar 
province? In the foregoing report avc have endeavored to 



MINNESOTA HIST0IUC:AL SOCIKTY. 



19 



answer this inquiry in full, and it might be summarised as 
follows : 

I. The collection and care of such a library of reference 
as can in no other way be secured for the State, to include ev- 
erything needed for those studying its history, statistics, 
geography, laws and institutions, it- '^urrent journalistic lite- 
rature, and at the same time a genei al library of works and 
documents on American history not generally found in other 
collections, and which can be gathered only by the means we 
have adopted, as past experience shows. 

II. The collection, preservation from loss, and arrange- 
ment, of original material illu^t^-'^^irg the history of the 
State ; the earl}^ settlement of every portion of it : memoirs 
of its pioneers, accounts of their adventures and incidents; 
manuscripts illustrating these facts ; portraits and views ; 
and the arrangement and compilation of this material in a 
form accessible and convcuicnl for use, so as to best illus- 
trate and record the progress mid growth of the State since 
its first settlement. This material can only be secured by 
keeping constant pace with the events indicated. To delay 
their collection a few years is equivalent to losing them 
altogether, as older States have discovered, compelling them 
ultimately to expend large sums to imperfectly perform what 
we are now doing, perfectly and completely, with little or no 
expense. 

III. The proper selection from the original material thus 
obtained, of portions worthy of publication, and their issue 
in a proper form, so as to disseminate among the people of 
the State, and elsev/here, full and authentic information con- 
cerning it. 

Such, briefly, are some of the nuiin portions oi' our work, 
which it will.be noticed constitutes quite a wide and impor- 
tant field of labor, one that could be lilled by no other insti- 
tution. Yet amid all the diliiculties at hrst surruunding us, 
of small means and insufHcient facilities, our success in 
carrying foiNvard our work has been gratifying and more 
complete than could have been at fast hoped for. Grateful 
to the people of the State for their encouragement, aid and 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



good will, we trust that our growth and progress in the 
future will keep pace in all the elements of prosperity with 
that of the commonwealth, reflecting: still more credit on the 
boasted intelligence, liberality and public spirit of its people, 
which can alone sustain and render useful an institution 
like our own. 



f 



LIST OF DONORS— 1872. 



FROM INDIVIDUALS, 



Boun'I 

Vols. PauiphletJ. 



Kev. W. S. Alexander, Kacine, "Wis 2 

Hon. John T. Averill, St. Pan! IS 

Charles E. Anthon, ^'e\v York i 

Eev. C. D. Bradlee, Boston 2 

Dr. Charles 11. Loardraau, St. Paul 1 

E. P. Boon, Nev,' York 57 

Capt. K. Blakeley, St. Paul 

Gustave Bossange, Paris 1 

Josiah B. Chancy, St. Paul 2 

Chandler P. Chapman. Madison, "Wi.s 1 j 

Robert Chirke, Cincinnati 1 i 

Hon. ncnry A. Castle, St. Paul 3 

Pichard Chute, St. Anthony j 

Daniel S. Durrie, Madii-on, ^Yis 1 

Hon. M. H. Dunnell ]t 

James ])avenport, St. Paul 1 

Maj. Gen. J. Watts, De Peyster, N. Y 2 

E. Pa^'e Davis, N. Y 2 

Ferdinand J. Dreer, Pliiladelphia 1 

Hon. W. W. Fohvell, State University j 

Dr. Samuel A. Green, Boston \ U 

Charlrs V. IIa<;ner, Philadelphia ] 

Maj. (ion. \V. S.Hancock 2 

Alfred J. Hill, St. Paul 3 j 

F. A. Holdfen, Wasliington 4 

James J. Hill, St. Pauf. 1 

Capt. W. iM. Heath, St. Paul 3 2 

Gen. A. A. Huuipineys, U. S. A 2. 

Johnson Smith, .Minneapolis 4 

Hon. S. P. Jcnnison. Bed Wini^ 1 

J. F. Loubat, New York j 

Hon. John S. Lcttbrd, Carver y 6 



22 



ANNUAL RKPOKT. 



Alplicus Lasher, St. Paul 

■■ 1 ' Dr. JJrewer Mattocks, St. Paul 

i Gen. Albert J. Myer, Siji;nal IJurcau 

! - Alfred Moore, St. Paul 

j Pev. E. D. Neill, St. Anthony 

! Capt. J. O'Connor, St. J'aul 

j Prof. Wm. F. Pholps, Winona 

j Geo. H. Preble, Charleslown, Mass 

I Hon. Alex. ]ianisey, St. Paul 

j M. C. Kiissell, Praiiierd 

] G. Jav Pice, St. Paul 

! r. L. O. Jioehri-^, Ithaca, N. Y 

Capt. I. F. A. Studdart, St. Paul 

Hon. Jaines Shaw, Mt. Carroll, 111 

W. Hudson Stephens, Lowville, N. Y 

W. M. Stees, St. Paul 

j Kev. E. F. Slafter, Bo.-.t()n 

■ { Rev. J. ^V. Strong, ^'orllilicld 

• Kev. H. A. Stims^on, Minneapolis 

J. L. Sibley, Cambi id^ce, Mass 

Irvinp: Todd, Hastings 

Kev. J. F. Tuttle, Crawfordsvilie, Ind 

Hon. Charles Taylor, Nonhheld 

i Addison Van Name, New Haven, Conn 

J. AY. Wing, Anoka, Minn 

Hon. Thomas H. Wynne, Kichmond, Va 

Prof. N. H. Winchell, State University 

J. F. Williams 

Donors unknown 



¥ROM SOCIETIES AND INSTITUTIONS. 

J 



Peabody IMuseum of Archaeology, Cambridge i 

Maryland Historical Society 17 

Peabody Academy of Sciences, Salem 1 

Koyal Danish Society of Antiquaries 5 

Verein fur ]\uust und Allerthum 1 

I^Iinncsota State Luiver-^ity 1 

Leeds Philosophical atid Iviterary Society, England l 

Geolog. and Poly tech. Society of West Kidlug of York- 
shire 1 

University of Lund, Sweden 7 

Astor Library, New York f>4 

Essex Institute. Salem 3 

State Board of Health, Mass 1 

Board of Public Charitii s. Pennsylvania 1 

Oberlausitsischen Ge-ellschaft, Gorlitz, Germany o 

Korthern I'acilic Railroad ; 3 

AVi^'consin Historical Society 3 

Department of Interior L^O 

Patent OHico 54 

Wushingt(>n University, St. Louis 1 

Historical Society of I)elaware 2 

Soc. Hollandaise dcs Sciences a Harlem 10 

American Antiquarian Society 2 



31 
2 

8 



4 

3 
1 

84 
5 
2 

14 
2 
1 
1 
9 

• 5 



MIXXESOTA IIISTORrCAL SOCIETY. 23 

New J'.M'sey Historical Society 1 2 

Swedish C(Mitral Bufciiu ot" siatistics 31 

Ohio Ilistor'l and lMiiIo>'l Society 11 80 

San Friuicisco Mercantile l.ibrary Association I 

lioyal Historical and Arcb'i Ass'n of Ireland 1 1 

CobdtMi Club, Kni,daud 1 2 

Pcabody Institute, Baltimore 1 

Mercantile Library, New York 1 1 

Loni; Island Historical Society 2 

New York State Library 1 

Licking Co. (0.) Tioneer Association 1 



ANNUAL r..!:!'ORT 

OF Tin: 

Minnesota Historical Society 

. TO TIIK 

LEGISLATURE OF MINNESOTA, 
FOR THE YEAR 1.S73. . - 




ami aJopU'J at ( hf AftHt'al .\/('t'fiK'i;- 0/ t/ic S,H'iei\, 
"ya Hilary i 1 87^1 . 



SAIX'l' V\\'\.: 

T . f A U r, I" U K S S C « ) M J' A -V V 

1874. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 

Minnesota Historical Society, 

p.'0 THE 

LEGISLATURE OF MINNESOTA, 



FOR THE YEAR 




Read and adopted at the Annual Meeting oj the Society^ 
^ ya7iuary 12, 1874. 

t 

\ 

I 

SAIN7 PAUL: 
ST. I' A 11 L 1' 1: i : S .S C O M 1' A NY. 

1874. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



PR?:SIDKNT : 

HON. GEO. L. BECKER. 

. VICK PRKSIDT-NTS: 

1. R. 0. SWEENY, 

2. DR. J. 11. MURPHY, 

3. HON. JOHN D. LUDDEN. 

SECRETAPvY AND Tl^EASUKEK : 

J. FLETCHER WILLIAMS. 

EXECUXn E COUNCIL : 



Capt. Russell Blakeley, 
Hod. Geo. L. Becker, 
J. B. Cbaney, 
Hon. E. F. Drake, 
Judge A. GooclricL, 
Geo. A. Hamilton, 
Alfred J. Hill, 
James J. Hill, 
Sherwood Hough, 
Rev. John Ireland, 
Gen. S. P. Jcnuison, 
Wm. H. Kelley, 
Hon. J. I). Luddon, 



Ex-Gov. W. R. Marshall;. 

Rev. J. Mattocks, 

Dr. Brewer Mattocks, 

Chas. E. Mayo, 

Rev. S. Y. :McMastcrs, D. 

Dr. J. H. Murphy, 

Rev. E. D. Neill, 

J. P. Pond, 

Hon. Henry ^^. Rice, 

R. O. Sweeny, 

Gen. H. H. Sibley, 

J. F. Williams. 



REPORT OF THE EXECIJTIYE COUNCIL. 



Since our last annual report, the Society has made grati- 
fying progress in all departments of its work. Our plans 
for its proper management have all been very successtully 
carried out, and in every respect it has gone on, quietly 
and fully accomplishing the work for which it was organized . 
In presenting our seventh annual report to the Legislature, 
wo do so with much gratification at tlie exhibit we are 
enabled to make, a record of encouraging progress, as the 
result of persevering work and careful attention. 

LIBRARY. 

During the year 1873, we have received the following 
accessions to the library : Bound volumes, 347 ; pamphlets, 
340; photographs, 2 ; MSS, 6; engravings and paintings, 
8; curiosities, 13; maps, 11. 

The sources froiu which the bound volumes were received 
arc as follows ; purchase, 141 ; gift and exchange, 1G3 ; 
binding, 43, 

The total number of volumes in the library at present, 
are: bound, 5,643; unbound, 8,730; total, 14,373, being, 
if we mistake not, the largest collection in the State. Of 
mere numbers, however, we do not wish to boast. Our 
aim has been value and merit, not bulk. 

rURCIIASES. • 

The limited means at our disposal tor purchase of books, 



-4 



ANNUAL llErOllT. 



has been very judiciously, careluUy and economically ex- 
pended. In all, $355.57 was invested in this manner, 
purchasing 141 bound volumes, being an average of $2.52 
per volume. Those who have, within a few months past, 
purchased the kind of works which we are endeavoring to 
secure, will readily see that the average price paid is really 
a low one. If cheapness were a consideration, we could 
have reported much larger accessions to our list. But the 
class of works we are now securing arc scarce and dear, 
and each year their value and scarcity is increasing. It is 
fortunate that we have already made such progress, or the 
difficulty and cost of securing +bem would be very em- 
barrassing to us. The gifts we receive, also aid us and lighten 
our expenditure. We can now point to our well filled 
shelves with satisfaction. With so much accomplished by 
several years of careful attention, wo have now reached a 
stage when all apprehensions concerning our ability to finally 
secure such a library as we should have, must be quieted. 
Our library committee, with their present experience, are 
entitled both to our thanks and confidence — thanks for 
their pains-taking work so far, and confidence that they 
will carry to more perfect success their well laid plans for 
augmenting our collection. Our only regret is that we 
cannot supply them more fully with the means they should 
have. We ought to expend not less than $1,000 annually 
on books. We believe this is demanded by the w^ants of 
the public for such works as are likely to be needed. 
Inquiries are constantly being made here lor works and 
documents wdiich we oui^ht to have in our collection, but 
which we are prevented from getting by our want of means. 

PRINCirAL WORKS ADDED. 

Among the bound volumes added to our collection the 
past year, w^e note the following : 

American Indians _ and jhiliquilies, — Jones' Ojebwa In- 
dians ; Absaraka, or Home of the Crows \ Brinton's Myths ; 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



5 



HcdvAYcldor's Narrative ; Foster's Mound Builders ; Bald- 
win's American Antiquities; Dakota Text Book. 

Works on (he West and jVorlhwest, — Allen's History of 
Kentucky; Hatch's War of 1812; Young's History of 
Wayne Co., Ind. ; Kank's History of Lexington, Ky. ; 
History of Seneca Co., O. ; Cist's Cincinnati ^liscellany ; 

• Butler's History of Kentucky ; Roberts' Sketches of Detroit ; 

^ Shea's Early Voyages ou the ^Mississippi ; Kip's Early 
Jesuit Missions; Crawford's Campaign against Sandusky; 
History of Columbus, O. ; Cabinet History of Kentucky; 
McDonald's Sketches of Pioneers of the West; Col. May's 
Journey to the Ohio River, 17>^'^-^^ : Ross' Fur Hunters of 
the N. W., 2 vols.; Heard's History of the Sioux War; 
Minneapolis and St. Anthony Directories, 1859-GO and 
1873. 

General American, Slate or Local History. — Forty vol- 
umes of Revolutionary j^amphlets and documents, compris- 
ing over 200 separate tracts; Rutland, Vt., Centennial; 
Capture of Ticonderoga ; Preble's History ol the American 
Flag; Pcnn and Logan Correspondence, 2 vols.; Buffalo 
and the Senecas, 2 vols.; Ulloa's Noticias Amcricanas; 
Willson's American History; S.wintoii's Condensed History 
of the U.S.; Neill's Virginia Land Company ; Laws, Docu- 
ments and Journals of Virginia, 1775 to 1870, 8-4 volumes; 
Mass. Historical Society Proceedings, 1871-3; Minutes of 
the Council of New York, 1691, 1775, 2 vols. ; Calendar 
of N. Y. Land Papers; Index to Marriages, Xew York; 
Directories and County Histories of Massachusetts Counties, 
6 vols. 

The Eehellion. — Documents of L^. S. Sanitary Commis- 
sion, 2 vols. ; Bulletin of U. S. Sanitary Commission, 2 
vols. ; Gen. Orders War Department, 1861-3, 2 vols. ; 
Sixth Reunion Army of the Cumberland ; Medical and 
Surgical History of the War, 2 vols. 



6 



ANNUAL RErOKT. 



Puhh'c Documeuts, — Congressional Globe, 7 vols. ; Patent 
Offico Specifications, 16 vols. 

Politics and Political Economy. — TownsenJ's Analysis 
ot Civil Government; Hon. W. D. Kellcy's Speeches and 
Addresses ; Adams on Slavery ; Baring on Slavery ; Gra- 
ham's <<Who Is to Blame." 

Genealogy^ Biography and Heraldry, — Gen. Hull's Me- 
moirs ; Gen. Hull's Military and Civil Life; Life and 
Speeches of Daniel Webster ; New York Genealogical and 
Biographical liecord ; N. E. Genealogical Register; De- 
Brett's Baronetage and KnigL...^e tor 1873 ; DeBrett's 
Peerage for 1873 ; DeBrett's House of Commons for 1873 ; 
Antiquities and County Families of Wales, 2 vols. ; Wal- 
ford's County Families of Great Britain ; Lossin<:'s Lives of 
the Signers of the Declaration ; Memoir of Edward B. 
Dalton ; Sibley's Harvard Graduates, 1st vol. ; Life of Gen. 
Knox. 

Not Olherivise Classijied. — Historical Record, 1874; 
Notes and Queries, complete set, 4G vols. ; Sabin's Biblio- 
theca Americana; Gray's Atlas; Gibbon's Decline and Fall 
of Rome, 10 vols.; Lubbock's Prehistoric Civilization; 
Summering in the Wilderness, [Adiroiidacks] ; Topograph- 
ical Survey of the Adirondacks ; Smithsonian Contributions, 
vol. 18; Smithsonian Annual Report, 1871; Grand Lodge 
of Iowa, F. A. M., 3 vols. 

GIFTS. 

Our members and friends have not been unmindful of us 
the past 3'ear, as many and valuable gifts have been re- 
ceived fiom them. A list of tlie books and pamj>;ilcts con- 
tributed, with the names of the donors, are aiipcnded to 
this report. Where all have been so generous, it would 
appear unneccbsary to make special mcniion, except of 
those " tried and true" contributors, whose names appear 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



7 



in our report year after year, iu councctioii with generous 
gifts. Auaong these we ought, iu justice, to meutiou par- 
ticularly, IIou. Alex. Ramsey, Hon. John T. Averill, Rev. 
J. F. Tuttle, of Crawfordsville, Ind. ; Hon. Thos. H. 
Wynne, Richmond, Va. ; Robt. Clarke, Cincinnati ; Joel 
Munsell, Albany, Y. ; Dr. John J. Dewey, St. Paul ; 
Saml. A. Green, Boston; Dean Dudley, Esq., Boston; as 
well as the Virginia Historical Society , the New York State 
Library, the Surgeon Goneral's oflico, — all of whom have 
sent valuable contributions. 

The generous gift, by the publishers, of nearly one hun- 
dred Miimesota journals, for preservation in our library, is 
more fully acknowledged elsewhere. 

CABINET AND PICTURES, ETC. 

A number of fine engravings, photographs and prints 
have been received, adding considerably to our portrait col- 
lection. One of these, a splendid largo photograph 
(framed) of the late Horace Greeley, one of the most re- 
markable men America has produced, was contributed by 
Col. Wm. Crooks. Charles D. Elicit, Esq., has donated a 
painting of Fort Snelling, executed in 1852, by Sergt. 
Thomas, U. S. A., a self-taught artist, whose views of 
scenery hereabouts and portraits, we find frequentl}' spoken 
of in the journals of that period as praiscworth}'- eilbrts. 
In a few weeks, when our rooms are enlarged, we hope to 
properly display these pictures, and others which have been 
promised and that we hope soon to receive.' 

Our cabinet has been enhanced by a few very acceptable 
curiosities. \Vm. Freeman, L. W. Stratton, and Dr. A. I. 
Comfort have contributed some interesting aboriginal relics, 
found in this State. Gen. C. C. Andrews, U. S. Minister 
to Stockholm, has received for us from the Government of 
of Norway, a bronze medal, struck in commemoration of the 
recent coronation of King Oscar. 

Several interestiuir MSS. also have been received. One is 

o 

poll-list of the town of St. Paul, containing a roll of the 



8 



AIQNUAL BEPOIIT. 



itizens hero over tAvenly years ago. The other consists o-f 
two volumes of the Kcgister, kept by J. AV. Prince, at 
what is known as Minnesota Headquarters" in New York 
city — a place always visited by IMinnesotinns when in 
Gotham. These volumes (which are the gift of Mr. Prince,) 
cover a period of ton years, commencing in the spring of 
1863, and contain the names of thousands of the citizens of 
our State, with the dates of their visits there, and must 
always be regarded with interest. 

NEWSPAPERS. 

Our collection of newspapers of the State still increases in 
size and value, and numbers at present 367 bound volumes, 
many of them rare, and some unique. They are increasing 
at a rapid rate, and must always constitute one of the most 
important and valuable features of our library, and be re- 
ferred to in future by increasing numbers. We now receive 
and preserve with care, all the papers published in the 
State, with a few unimportant exceptions. They are the 
gift (as above referred to) of the publishers, whose gener- 
osity, added to our care, is thus providing for the future 
people of the State, a treasury of materials for history, 
whose value in the years to come, can scarcely be overesti- 
mated. 

ROOMS. 

The enlargement of the Capitol building the past year, 
was a very fortunate measure, as providing us with the 
additional, room of which we have been in sore need for 
several months. In a few weeks, as soon as the apartment 
adjoining our own is vacated, we will be placed in possession 
of the same, thus securing a suite of rooms which will 
amply provide for our wants for some time to cojue, and 
until a building for our special use, secure from fire, and 
ample for the increase of our library for two or three gou- 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



9 



erations, can be provided for our use, as wo coufideutly 
expect will ere many years be done. 

'works from the state library. 

The State Library, soon to be removed from its present 
quarters to the new wing, is hereafter to be strictly devoted 
to law books and documents. There arc a few miscellaneous 
works now in the collection, so incomplete and limited in 
scope, as scarcely to be worth keeping in a library of that 
kind. It has been determined by the Trustees of the 
Library to turn a part of them over to the care of this- 
Society. Classified with our own, they will give additional 
completeness to several of our depiuiments, while, divided 
as at present, between two collections, their use by the 
public is attended with some iuconvenieuce. 

CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINNESOTA HISTORY. 

We have used unceasing efTorts to collect from our friends 
and correspondents, new and hitherto unpublished papers 
regarding the history of what is now Minnesota, with biog- 
raphies of its pioneers, and other matter appropriate for 
publication in our historical collections. Several very inter- 
esting and valuable papers have been received from Gen. 
H. II. Sibley, containing reminiscences of his thirty-nine 
years' residence in Minnesota; from Mrs. Gen. Van ClevCy 
whose recollection of ^linnesota events extends back to the 
year 1823; from Dr. Thos. S. Williamson, of St. Peter, 
unexcelled for intimate acquaintance with the history, cus- 
toms and language of the Dakota nation ; and from other 
writers, the whole constituting a valuable contribution to 
our Stafe history. These papers arc embraced in an appen- 
dix to the present report, and form also the continuation of 
our scries of published collections. 

, COriES OF CENSUS RETURNS. 

Frequent inquiries have been made at our rooms, to 
2 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



Inspect some of the earlier census lists of Minnesota, espec- 
ially those of 1850 and 1857. Uulorlunately, this Society 
iias no copy of those important records, and indeed, there 
is no copy of either the census of 1850 or 1857 in the Statu, 
60 that when an}^ items are needed from those documents, 
it is necessary to send to Washington and procure them, 
the expense being considerable. It is respectfully suggested 
to the Legislature, that if a very small sum, say $200, were 
appropriated for the purpose, copies of the above censuses 
^ould be procured, and they could then be kept on file among 
the archives in the Secretary of State's oHiue, or in this 
•Society. The value of these records for historical and 
other purposes, as showing tho. o'^vlv settlers and residents 
.of the various localities of our State, is very great. 

GENERAL CONDITION AND PKOGEESS. 

The increased use of the facilities afforded by the Society 
has extended perhaps even move rapidly than the facilities 
themselves, having doubled at least within a year past. 
This fact we are gratified to notice, as it shows that our 
labor has not been vainly bestowed, nor the m.eans placed 
iit our disposal unwisely granted. It encourages us in the 
belief that the real intention and objects of the Society are 
now understood, and that it has the ability to carry out 
those objects. 

If it has at any time not fully met the expectations of the 
public in any vray, (and perhaps no human institution has 
ever been wholly free from some criticism,) it must be re- 
membered that our means and facilities are quite limited. 
There are many difilcultics we labor under, which we would 
gladly remove, but cannot now do so. Perhaps a larger in- 
come would obviate nearly all of them. But for this we 
must wait until circumstances seem more propitious. In 
all our measures and operations hitherto, we liave used ihe 
closest calculations and most rigid economy. Our object 
has been to do the most we could with our small means, and 
to lay the least possible burden on the State. AVe believe 



UISTOIUOAL SOCIETY. 



11 '/S^ 



no one can sa}^ that wo have not been prudent, careful and 
judicious in all our expenditures, and further, we think the 
past is a guarantee that we will continue to bo so, even with 
greatly enlarged means. The kind appreciation we have 
generally received from all classes of our citizens, and the 
generous aid they have given us in every possible wa}^ is en- 
couraging. To such we need not ^'^y, what they already 
know, that our work is for their benefit. And more largely, 
perhaps, for Die future, than for the present. The work we 
are doing, in collecting the materials for the history of the 
State and its people, is one that must be done now, or it can 
never be done at all, except so imperfectly as to scarcely be 
worth the doing. We feel willing ' o abide by the verdict 
of posterity as to the value of our work, and the manner in 
which we have performed it. 

With the vantage wo have already gained, the collection 
we have accumulated, the firmly established position we 
have won, not only in our own State, but in the estimation of 
Societies with whom we correspond, in other parts of the 
country and in Europe, and our present experience in con- 
ducting the work entrusted to us, we are pardonably hope- 
ful that our future success will bo in an increasing ratio, 
and that prosperity will always attend our Society, com- 
mensurate with our opportunities and our duties. 



APPENDIX. 



LIST OF DONORS— 1873. 

FROM IJN'DIVIDUALS. 

Bound Vols, Pamphlets* 

Col. David Atwood, Madison, Wis 1 

Gov. Horace Austin 9 

Hon. Jolm T. Averill, Coni^ress 9 2 

Hon. Geo. L. Becker, St. Paul 1 

Judge John M. Berry, Faribault 3 3 

Bcv. C. D. Bradlce, Boston 4 

K. C. Burdick, St. Cloud 2 

Thomas H. Canficld, Vt 2 

Josiah B. Chfinov, St. Paul 7 

> Judge A. G. Chatlield, Belle Flaiue 2 

A. J. Cheney, Chicago 4 

Robert Clarke, CiDciuuati 1 1 

Hon. Verplanck Colvin, Albany, N. Y 1 

Judge .losopli Cox, Cincinnati 1 

Hon. Gordon E. Cole. Faribault 1 

J, C. Ualtou, .M.D., New York.. 1 

Martin Danehay, St. Paul 2 

Dr. John J. Dewey, St. Paul 32 

Rev. James Dobbin, Faribaulc 3 

Dean Dudley, Boston 6 

Hon. Mark ii. Duunell, Congress 2 

Daniel S. Durrie, Madison, Wis 1 

H. K. Frotliingham, Cliarlcstown, Mass 1 

Dr. Sand. A. Green, Boston 1 37 

Hon. Wm. G. Hammond, Iowa City 1 

Hon. I. V. D. Heard, St. Paul 1 

Dr. F. B. Hough, Lowville, N. Y * 

Sherwood Ilouirh, St. Paul 1 

H. II. Hiirlbut,^3Jacine, Wis 1 

Johnson (!t Smitli, Minneapolis (> 

Hon. Wm. 1). ]{cllev. Congress 1 1 

. Wm. II. Ivelk-y, St. Paul 72 

Hon. Wni.Lochren, .Minneapolis 1 

John A. Mc.iUiiter, Philadelphia 1 



14 ANNUAL. REPORT. 

Joel Munsell, Albany, N. Y 7 

Kev. K. D. Kcill, Minneapolis 1 1 

Trof. Edward North, Clinton, N. Y 4 

Jolin Y. Page, St. Paul 1 

Rev. A. B. Paterson, St. Paul 1 

Theo. 8. Parvin, Iowa City 3 2 

J. P. Pond, St. Paul ]0 

Hon. Alex. Ivauiscy, Congress 20 5 

Hod. James Sliaw,' Mt. Ca'rroll, 111 3 12 

Hon. A. C. Sniitli, Litchlleld 13 

Dr. Chas. E. Sinitli, St. Paul & 

Dr. J. V. C. SmitJi, New York 8 

Hon. Melville C. Sniilli, New York 3. 

Samuel Smucker, Newark, 3. 

W. Hudson Stej^heuh', Lowville, N. Y 1 

Kcv. J. W. Strong, D.D.. Northflekl 2 

L. W. Stratton, Minneapolis 1 

Hon. Clias. Sunnier, Congress 20 

Kev. J. r. Tuitle, 1).])., Crawfordville, Ind 16> 

Addison Van Name, New Haven, Co!-7^ 1 

O. S.AVestcott, Chicago 2 

Charles Whittlesey, Cleveland, & 

C. K. "Williams, Ihitland, Vt 2 

J. F. Williams, St. Paul 2 

Rev. Thos. S. Williamson, St. Peter 1 

Prof. N. H. Winciiell, State University 3. 

Hon. Thos. H, Wynne, Pvichmoud, Ya 2 



FKOM SOCIETIES, I>;STITUT10NS, ETC. 

Surrey Archni-ological Society, England 1 

Congr. Inter. Auth. and Arch., Brussels I 

Historical Society of Pa 1 

American Antiquarian Society 1 

Board of Public CJiarity, Pennsylvania 1 

Cornell University, N. Y 0- 

NeY>" Bedford, Mass., Public Library 1 

Eoyal Danish Anti(juarian Society 2 

Koyal Historical and Antiquarian Society, Ireland.. 1 

Astor Lit)rary, N. Y 2 

U. S. Naval Observatory 3 2 

Mass. State Board of Health 1 

Virginia Historical Soeiety 75 

Smithsonian liistitutiou 2 

Trinity College, Hartford, Conn & 

Rhode Island, Historical Society 1 

Tribune Printing Co., Minneapolis 1 

Mass. Historical Society 1 

Kongelike Noi>ke Uiiiversitet, Christiana.. 15- 

Pcabody Museum, Cambridge, Mass 1 

Public Library, Cincinnati, O 1 

Public Library, Chicago 1 

Surgeon General's Ullicc, U. S. A 2 



HISTOKICAL SOCIETY. 1^ 

Mercantile Library Association, New Y ^ik 1 

Bureau of Education, Washington, I). C S 

New York State Library 5 4 

Ohio Historical aud I'liilosophical Society 1 

Swedish Bureau of Statistics 20 

Wool Manufacturer's Association, Boston 4 

Koyal Society of L^ nmark 1 

Essex Institute, Salem, Mass ft 

Wisconsin Historical Society 2 

Commissioner of Patents, Washington 16 



OBJECTS OF COLLECTION DESIRED BY THE SOCIETY. 



Books and I'ampliluL.s on American History, Tiio^a-anhy iiud Gencalo^ry, 
particularly those rel:\tingto the West; Works on our Imlian Tribes, and 
American Archu'ology and Kthnolo<^y; Statistical and Scientillc l*ublica- 
tions of States or Societies; Books or pamphlets relatinic to the Great 
Rebellion; privately printed works; News|)apcrs ; Maps and Charts; 
Engravings; Autographs; Coins; Antiquities; and Encyclopedias, 
Dictionaries and Bibliographical vvunv.> of every kind. Entire sets 
of works are especially solicited, or collections of books on any subject, 
but single volumes, or pamphlets even, will be gratefully received. 
Especially do we desire 

EVERYTHING RELATING TO OUR OWN STATE -. 

1. Travels and Explorations; City Directories; Copies of the earlier 

Laws and Journals of our Lc^.. .. .^.e; Ordinances of Cities; aad 
in short, every book, on any subject, printed in the State or else- 
where relating to it. 

2. Pamphlets of all kinds; Catalogues of Minnesota Colleges and otlier 

Institutions of Learning ; Annual Ivcports of Societies; Sermons 
and Addresses ueli\er<f! in this .State; Minutes of Church Conven- 
tions, Synods, or other i cclesiasl.ical JUjdies of Minnesota: Political 
Addres.^fs ; Railroad and Board of Trade Pieports; Pampiilets 
reb.ting to this State. 

8. Files of ]Minuesota Newspapeis and Magazines, especially complete 
volumes of past years, or single numbers even. Publishers are 
earnestly re»:jue.-led to contribute tiieir publications regularly, all 
of which will be carefully preserved and bound. 

4. Materials for Minnesota History; Old Letters, Journals and Manu- 

script Narratives of the Pioneers of Minnesota; Original Papers 
on the E:rrly History and Settlement of the Territory; Adventures 
and ConJlicts during the Indian war or the late Rebellion; Hiogra- 
pliies of the Pioneers of every Connty, either living or deceased, 
together with their i)ortrails a;j(l autographs; a sketch of the 
settlement of every town and village in the State, with names ot 
the first settlers. We solicit articles on every subject connected 
with iNlinnesota history. 

5. Maps of Town Sites or Counties, of any date; Views and Engravings 

of buildings or historic places; Drawings or Photographs of 
Scenery; Paintings; Portraits. .Sic, connected with Minnesota 
history. 

G. Curiosities of all kind< for our Museum ; Coins; Medals; Paintings: 
l^)rtraits; Engravings; Statues; War Pelies; Auto:iraph Letters 
of distinguished persons, etc. 

7. Facts illustrative of our Indian Tribes; 'I'heir History. Characteris- 
tics, lieligion, sic Sketches of their prominent Chiefs, Orator-, 
and Warriors, together with conti ilmiiDUS of Indian Weai»oMs. 
Costumes, Ornauients, Curiosities and Implements. Also Stone 
Axes, Spears, Arrow Heads. I'ottery, or other P-lics of the pre- 
historic races. 

In brief, < pci^thuifj \hia, by the most libei-al construction, can illustrate 
the History of Minnesota; its early settlement ; its progress or present 
condition, which will be of value or interest to surcei-ding generations, 

Conimunications or gifts n\ay be addressed to the Secretary of the 

Society, at St. I'aui. 



\/ 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



riIKST])EXT, 

ROBERT ORMSBY SAVEEXY. 

VICE rKKSTDEXTS. 

1. JAMES p. rOXD, 

2. DR. BRE^YER :MATT0CKS, 

3. J. B. CIIANEY. 

SECRETAKY AND Tl^EASUKER. 

J. FLETCHER ^YLTJJAMS, 

EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 



Capt. R. Blakelev, 
Hon, Geo. L. Beckt.T, 
J. B. Chanev, 
Hon. E. F. brake, 
Judge A. Goodricli, 
Geo. A . Ilaiiiilton, 
Alfred J. Hill, 
James J. Hill, 
Rev. Jolin Ireland, 
Gen. S. P. Jennison, 
Hon. Sherwood Honirli, 
Hon. John D. LuJden, 
Ex-Gov. W. R. Marshall, 



Dr. Brewer Mattocks, 

Rev. J. Mattocks, 

Charles E. :\rayo, 

Rev. Dr. S. Y. McMasters, 

Dr. John H. ^[ur})]ly. 

Rev. E. D. Neill, 

James P. Pond, 

L. E. Reed, 

Hon. Henry ^f. Rice, 

Robt. 0. Sweeny, 

Gen. ]1. JI. Sibley. 

J. F. Williams. 



REPORT or THE EXElLilVR COUNCIL. 



The close of the lirst quarter century of the Society's 
existence, finds it in prosperous ciicniiistanccs, and with 
satisfactory means of usefulness for tlie fulhllniont of its 
objects. T\Yenty-five years ago it liad scarcely an exist- 
ence beyond a name, liaving been incorporated but a few 
weeks before, and but just organized under ii< charier, 
dated Oct. 20th, lS-19. It ^vas without means or resources, 
witli no membership except the few corporators, without a 
library" or any ])lace to keej) one, or in which to liold it> 
meetings, and with an imperfect idea of tlie work devolv- 
ing U])on it./ The population of the Territory was but a 
few^ hundred, and a considerable proportion of tiiese could 
not read English. There vras no wcdUIi, and but lillle of 
what is termed culture, among the peoj)le, wh.o j»oor and 
struggling with hard fortune in a new country, liad ))ut little 
time to devote to literature, or science and hi>'M]y, or to 
anything, in fact, that did not immediatfdy ct^nceru the 
bread-and-butter question. 

Starting on its career weighted with such adverse influ- 
ences, it will readily be seen that in ils earlier years its' 
history was a record of progress made under di-couraging 
circumstances. Oftentimes its oruanizalion was ail but 
abandoned. Somolimes for m(»nth> it made no progress, 
nor accomplished anything. It wa> not until ubout ]SOS 
that it secured means to properly carry on its work, and 
apartments suitalde to its use. Since that time dates the 
real success of the Society, and it has steadily progressed 
to its p]-esent very successful condition. 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



THE LIIIRAKY. 

During the year 1874 we received the following acces- 
sions to our Library: Bound volumes, 7GS; pamphlets, 
642 ; photographs, 25; manuscripts, 4; files of papers, 34; 
engravings. 1; curiosities, 1 ; maps, 12. Total, 1,487. 

The sources from which the bound volumes were received 
are as follows: I'y ])urchase, 539; binding, 35; by gift 
and exchange, 194. Of the pamphlets, 485 were gifts, 157 
purcliased. 

The total number of volumes in the Library at present 
are: Bound, 6,411; pamphlet^> 372 ; total, 15,783. 

PURCHASES OF BOOKS. 

Our purchases of books tliis year have been somewhat 
larger than usual, but have bceli made very successfully 
as far as the best advantac'-e of the library is concerned. In 
all, $1,100 have been expended, purchasing 539 bound and 
157 unbound volumes. Excluding the latter, together with 
subscriptions to magazines, maps, etc., gives an average of 
$2 per volume for each bound book. The average of 1872 
was .$2.10, and of 1873, $2.52. Considering the usual high 
price, and the rarity of a large proportion of the works 
we have purchased, such as Dictionaries, Encyclopedias, 
and works long 'out of print — all of them being in strong 
and handsome binding, and of the best editions, any one 
acquainted with books will see that our purchases have 
been made witli a very successful eye to economy, and at 
a less price than, in general, the same worlds could have 
been procured by any privale purchaser. AVe have this 
year adopted the plan of importing direct, and in our own 
name, thus saving the profits, costs and expenses hitherto 
incurred in purchasing (hr(nig]i importers. 

In addition to a con.sidorable number of works on the 
history and luography of the Northwest, and of America in 
general, we have added some standard works on European 
history, both ancient and modern, that seemed necessary 
to give a completeness to our Library, and facilities for 



HISTOPJCAL SOCIETY. 



5 



readers to study epoclis of history tliat liad not been cov-' 
ered by any \yorks liitlioito in our Library. Our collection 
on history in general is now (juite conii)lc'le, and composed 
of tlie best -landard works. Of course American history is 
our spccinlly. ]>arlicularly of tlie West, and our jjiirchases 
are in the main directed to that department. Our State, 
local, and <;oneral United States histories, and of particular 
periods of the same, are becoming quite complete. These 
are works which are so generally publisiicd by subscrip- 
tion, in small editions, and not kept for sale by the trade, 
they can only be ])icked up by a vigilant watch of book- 
sellers' catalogues, second-hanr"" ^''oalers' stocks, auction 
sales, and through the exertions of agents who make book 
hunting a business. Our accumulations cannot, under such 
circumstances, be rapid, ond we can only complete our 
collection by persistent effort and watchful care, extended 
through a term of years. 

TUE DRAKE LIBR.ARY. 

We say only by such a method, bul this is necessary 
simply on account of our limited revenue. If the State 
should see lit, it could secure by a somevrhat larger outlay, 
'•once for all," a complete library, without wailing for the 
slow accumulations of years, as we are now doing. Our 
Society is now offered an opportunity of this nature, 
which, if the means could be secured, we ought to ac- 
ce])t. Samuel G. Drake, the eminent antitjuarian and 
biblioi)olist, of Boston, offers us the whole of his remarka- 
ble collection relating to American history, biography, 
ethnology, geography, etc., compri>ing some 10,000 bound 
volumes, about 50,000 i)am])hlels, numerous maps, en- 
gravings, manuscripts, t^'c, at a price to be agreed on by 
impartial referees. Mr. Drake, with betti>r opportunities 
than almost any one else in this country has enjoyed, and 
with his rare and unsuri)assed exi»erience and skill, has 
been many y(>ars collecting lliis library, which, in com- 
pleteness, variety, and the rarity and value of most of the 
works, probably surpasses any private library in the United 



6 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



States, which is now, or is likely over to be for sale entire. 
Mr. Drake's declining years and feeble health alone induces 
him to part with this choice coHection. He has affixed no 
particular value to it, but thinks it may, on ap])raisal, 
reach $50,000. It may, however, be assessed as low as 
$35,000. Even at the former figure, it is considered, by 
competent jud2,es, to be a prize worth contending for. Mr. 
Drake is willing to take the amount, whatever it may be, 
in five annual payments, with interest. Our Librarian, 
whose experience in bibliographical matters can, we 
think, be relied on, carefully examined the library the past 
season, and pronounces it richer and more complete than 
Air. Drake's advertisement claimed for it. Any western 
State that secures it will be fortunate. It would have 
been sold long since to one of the eastern States, only for 
the fact that, tiie}^ all possess libraries covering largely the 
same ground. For a State, situated as ours is, having no 
public library of much completeness, it would be eminently 
proper — nay, even on selfish grounds, a good speculation, 
to purcliase such a library. Added to our 15,000 volumes 
and documents, it would give our State at once one of the 
largest and most valuable libraries in the country — cer- 
tainl}^ the largest, one only excepted, in the West, or that 
the West will probably boast of in many years. In a very 
brief time, comparatively, froni the increasing rarity and 
value of such works, it will douV)le in value, while to col- 
lect the same works now, even if they could all be had, 
which is quite inipossible, would cost far more than the 
aggregate sum now asked by Mr. Drake for his collection. 

We are therefore of the opinion that it would be an ad- 
vantage to the Slate to accept Mr. Drake's oilei\ 

ISSUE OF COLLECTIONS. 

An appendix to our Annual Iveport of IST-S, consisting 
of several interesting and valualde papers relating to the 
history and biography of ]\[innesota, was j)rin(o.l sojiarnt^dy 
by order of the Legislature of ISTi, and distributed as 
part 2, volume 3, of our Collections. It was very favor- 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



1 



ably received, and has been of ^vcat service to us in in- 
troducing tlie Society to notice abroad, and in securing 
for us exchanges, c^c. The work has also received very 
nattering compliments from the press, both of our State 
and eastern cities. The committee on publication in their 
preface very justly remark: 

"The favor with which Part I wa- received leads us to 
conclude tliat the style of its contents was happily chosen, 
and that a miscellany of biography, history, reminiscences 
and incidents of our pioneer da^'s is perhaps as appropriate 
a shape as we could adopt. In contents so varied, every 
one studying our history can iind something to choose from 
to aid him in his researches.'' 

We are accumulating manuscript for the publication of 
another part of about the same size, and hope to issue the 
same in a few months. In this connection we may be per- 
mitted to ask that gentlemen who have promised to pre- 
pare papers on different subjects, will hand them in as soon 
as possible. 

ROOMS. 

The State Library having been reijioved in March to the 
new wing of the Capitol, the apartment adjoining our own 
was vacated, and the two were then connected by passages, 
almost doubling the space hitlierto occupied by us. Apor- 
tion of this was subsequently rendered useless by the ven- 
tilating and heating apparatus constructed for the Senate 
chamber, but tlie net gain in room was still very valuable 
to us, and ])ad]y needed. Our funds have been insullicient, 
liowever, to properly furnisJi it. 

The Legislature of IST-:! having made an appropriation 
to build a fire proof vault for the Secretary of State's ollice, 
added to it a small sum to finish and ecpiip the lovrer story 
of the same for our use, thus utilizing the area which would 
otherwise have been lost, and securing for us a spacious and 
thoroughly fire-proof vault, something we have often felt 
the need of, to jn-eserve from loss or the possibility of de- 
struction by fire, of a number of rare documents, books, 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



manuscripts, files of papers, c^'c, of ^vljicli lliere are no 
other copies. 

NEWSPAPERS. 

Our department of newspapers increases frratifyiugl3\ 
We have now 54:2 bound volumes, together with about 100 
unbound volumes or files, some of the latter not ({uitc per- 
fect. The work of preparing and completing them has 
progressed steadily the past year. 

We again gratefully acknowledge the gift, by the pub- 
lishers, of over 90 papers in this State, and Wisconsin and 
Dakota, of regular files of their journals. These are care- 
fully preserved, bound and arranged, and are rapidly form- 
ing a department of Minnesota journalism that the 
contributors may well be proud of, and which, while 
reflecting credit on their liberality^, we trust may be of 
pecuniary advantage to them all, as it already has in a few 
cases. 

During the year we secured by purchase and exchange 
or gift, some rare and valuable volumes of papers. One of 
them is the London Gazette^ 13 volumes, folio, from 1005 
to 1713, and the London Chronicle^ 1757 to 1762, 12 vol- 
umes, cjuarto. These were procured at a very low price, 
and are of gi'cat value and interest historically, as well as 
valuable specimens of early journalism. A quite coniplete 
set of the Columbian Ccntinel^ from 178G to 182-1, was 
received from Harvard University librar}^ in exchange, 
and 9 volumes of bound ncwsi^apers, completing gaps in 
sets of our papers, was secured in exchange froin the 
Massachusetts Historical Society. AVith some small breaks, 
we now have files of newspapers for over two centuries 
biick. 

Mr. IlamiUon, of our Executive Council, also contributes 
several volumes of Saint Paul papers (valuable for ex- 
changes), and files have also been received from Messrs. 
E. 0. Sweeny, J. Glum, Wm. II. Kclley, Judge J. M. 
Berry, and others. 



t 

niSTOIUCAL SOCIETY. 



CONCLUSION. 

In concluding this report, we must express our gratifica- 
tion at tlie pi"os})ei'ous condition of the Society generally. 
As we observed in the opening paragra])li of this report, it 
is now tlie oldest ol' our State institutions, and we I'eel a 
just pride in having it at the same time the best managed 
and one of the most useful. 

We thinK: thai it is now establislied on a very secure and 
prosperous basis, and with as ample facilities for carrying 
on its work as we could liope for at this stage of the State's 
development. The confidence shown in it by our citizens, 
and the good v>'ill manifested by generous gifts and encour- 
aging words, are truly gratifying. Our constant endeavor 
will be, as heretcj'ore, to advance in greater usefulness and 
development, and that it will beconie, in an increasing 
measure, an honor to the State, a benefit to its people, and 
an evidence of the intelligence, culture and liberality of 
her citizens. 



OBJECTS OF GOLLEOTION DESIRED BY THE SO JIETY. 



Books and I'aiin.iiriets on American History, Dio;:ia[^]iy and Gcne- 
aiO£ry, particularly t}io;^o rchitiug to the West ; AVorks (»n our In- 
dian Trilv-s, and Ainorlcnn Arch;t?oloL'y and f'.thnoIi _'y ; Statistical 
and Scientific Puldicatiou^ of States or Socictit^- ; Books or 
Painp'ilt'ts relating tr. tlie ("Jreat lieoellion ; [irlvately ;'rinted works ; 
Newspapers : Maiis and Tliarts ; ii-p-s; A nto.r:n])lis ; Coins: 

Antirjuitie- ; and F^iiicylopedias, Dictionaries and Bibli r'grapliical work's 
of everv kind. Kntiri' sets of w(;rks are especially solicited, or col- 
lections of books on finy subject, ijut single volumes, or ])aniplilets 
even, will ho gratefully received. Especially do \v..- d'-sire 

EYEKYTlilXG DELATING TO OUK OWN STATE. 

1. Travels and Explur;!t!oii< ; Chy T'. ' ; rv»pics of tlie earlier Laws 

and Journals of our Ect^i'^iature ; ()idiiKiiicc'. of Ciiit.s: and in short, 
every b<.ok, on any .-ubj'.ct, primed iii tliu Suue or t-'-cwhere, relating 
to it'. 

2. ranipliUns of all ki:ub^, ; Catalogues of Minnesota CoHo.^zes and otlier In- 

siiuuion- of Lo.r,:;iM2- ; Annual Eei)c)rts of Societies: .'^c-rnions and Ad- 
drc--C'S d,<>!ivtM\^! i.' •'"(• >':itf; Minnrr'v ot" Church CV.;-; vent ions, Synods, 
or oilu'T Iv/c'c-i; ;i<.d i; iiv< ^ii'^ii i m; Political Ad'iresses; Kail- 
road and ]i,>ar^l oi' i'ra'ii' JI:;iwi:;- : '.' inpldets relatiiig lo this State. 

3. ■ Files of Minnesota Ne'.vsp.ipers ami JM-iijazines, especially complete vd- 

unu's of )):ist, years, or sinirle nmiibers even. T*ubli-I'-. '-s are earnestly 
requested to co!itril>ute ib.eir pulj'iications regularly. .-.'.[ of which will 
be carefully presoi ved and bound. 

4. Materials for Minnesota Hi-tory; OM Letters, ,Tour?)als and ManuscripE 

Nariatives i)! t!u- I'ioiieers ofMin^r- i i ; Original P.ipers on the Early 
History and* Sri i Iv incr.t of the J > . : i i • ; Adventr.re< and Contlicts 
during tiie Indian War or the la.L !: ■ iiiou; Biograpiiies of the I^io- 
necrs of every ( VMuity, either liN ii u or ilcceaseil, t"_-< ther with their 
j)ortraits and. aiuln.graphs ; a >keteii of tiie soitlenient of every town and 
village in the Male, with names of the first settlors. \\'e solici: arti- 
cles on every >u! ject couuecte 1 with M innesota iiistory. 

5. Map- f>f Tnwn Si;. or Ciiuiiies, of at;y dale : Views and lingravings of 

luii idini;-- or piacx-;: ]>iawin.i:s f)r Phot(»grap;i- of Sccuerv ; 

Paintifiir^ ; Poi ii ai'-, iVc. conuccled wiih ^[ inni.'sota h '.-:'''ry. 

G. C!n-io-.iti''s of all ki,.d-^ lor our Mu-.'uui ; C'iin<; Meda.Is : I'aintings ; Por- 
traits: Knura^ii-; Staines; AVar Melies ; A ulograj'h Letters of dis- 
tinguished \K i - 111.-. I te. 

7. Facts illustrative ('f ou)- Indian Tri1)0s ; Their llistov. ' haracti ristics, 
Peli^ion, iVc, Sketche- of their ))roiiwuent Chiefs, »,>rai"rs, and War- 
riors, together with conl! ibmions (if Indian Weap. Costumes, Or- 
nruudits, Curiosii its :rnd Inij-h p.unts. A bo Stone A Nt. Spears, ,\rrow 
]Iea<l-, Pottery, or other relic- oftiie ])re-hi-toric raeis. 

In i)rief, ii;r}i(Iilii(/ that, by the iu(»st lioeial construction, can illustrate (lie 
lii-iory of M iiuiesota ; its early setllemeni ; its progress or prt-eut eoudiiion, 
whicli v.'ill be of value or interest to si.ieeeeding generations. 

Coinnuuncatious or gifts nniy be addressed to the Secrvtary of the Society, 
at St. Paid. 



[KxTlCr'TIVK DOCUMKM, Xo. 1.').] 



ANNUAL REPORT 



i i 



I I 



OF TIJJJ 



Minnesota PIistorical Soci[':ty, 



TO THE 



LEGISLATURE OE MINNESOTA, 



FOR 11-Ui YEAR r 



/:>" 



SAINT PAUL, 
jirt: PioNKK.u-i'iir;- ; (.omf avv 



I 

I 



C)FF1CE]{8 OF T11J<; S0C IJ':TV. 



PRKSIDENT, 
GEN. HENKY H. SiiiLEY. 

VICn FKKSIDKNTS, 

1. HON. GEO. L. BECKEK, 

2. HON. ALEX. RAMSEY, 

3. HON. JOHN H. STEVENS. 

SKCRETAKY. 

J. ELETCHEIi WILLIAMS. 



MEMBERS OF EXV.CrTIVK COUNCIL. 



His Excellency, .Jolni S. Pillsbury, Governor. 
Hon. J. B. Wakefield, Lieutenant Governor. 
Hon. John S. Ir2:ens, Secretary of State. 
Hon. Orlen P. Whitcomb, Auditor of State. 
Hon. William Pfaender, Treasurer of State. 
Hon. George P. Wilson, Attorney General. 



TREASURER. 



HENRY P. UPHAM. 



Elective. 



Hon. John iM. Berry, 
Hon. Geo. L. Becker, 
Capt. EussoU Blakeley, 
J. B. Chancy, Esq., 
non.,E. F. Drake, 
Judge Aaron Goodrich, 
George A. Hamilton, Esq., 
Alfred J. Hill, Esq , 
James J. Hill, Esq., 
Rt. Rev. John Ireland, D. I). 
Gen. R. W. Johnson, 
Hon. N. W. Kittson, 
Hon. John D. Luddcn, 
Ex-Gov. W. R. ^Larshall, 
Dr. Brewer Mattocks. 



Charles E Mayo. Esq , 
Dr. John II. Murphy, 
Rev. E. D. Neill, 
Judge R. ]\. Nelson, 
Hon. Alex. Ramsey, 
L. E. Reed, Esq.. 
Hon. H. >r. Rice, 
lion. D. A. Robertson, 
Gen. John B. Sanborn, 
Hon. H. H. Sibley, 
Hon. John H. Slovens, 
R. O. Sweeny, E.mj., 
Henry P. Fpham, Esq., 
J. F. Williams. 
Cliark's A. Zimmerman, 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIl.. 



In presenting a report of the oporrfions and work of tbc Society 
for the year 1875, the Executive Council feel largely encouraged at 
its success during that [)ei-iod, notwithstanding tlie many di-awbacks 
which have tended to retard our rapid development, principally re- 
sulting from the financial condition of the State. Nevertheless our 
plans for its progress and success have been well rewarded by its 
steady growth and enlarged usefulness during that period. While this 
growth has not been rapid, nor urmsual, a condition we could scarcely 
expect at the present time, it has been marked by promising features, 
which give the most ample encouragement to its managers. 

THE LIBKAHY. 

The accessions to the librar^^ the past year have been, bound books, 
168; pamphlets, 378; curiosities and relics, 7; pictures (engrav- 
ings and photographs) 12 ; maps, 13 ; manuscripts, 1 ; fdcs or 
volumes of papei's, 2. The sources from vrhich the bouiid volumes 
were received, were — by purchase, 23 ; by binding, 30 ; by exchange, 
23; by gift, 02. 

The total nujnbcr of Ijound volumes now in the library is G,579 ; 
pamphlets and unbound volumes, ^,750 ; total, 1G,32'J. 

As our purchases during the year 1874 were somewhat extensive, 
and before the payments for the same were fully completed, trenched 
lo some degree on the fund ap})ropriated for our use the pre:^ent 
year, we did not purchase, dui'ing 1875, as much as we would oth- 
erwise have done. Theji, too, the linances of the State wei'e souie- 
what heavily strained by unexpected expenses and outlays resulting 
from the memorable " grassho[)per invasion" the preceding year, 
and it was our wish to add as little as possible to the expenditures 
of the State goverjiment fur the year 1875. We therefore confined 



ANNUAL UEPORT. 



ourselves to the bare running cxi)enses of the society as closely 
as possible, or our increase of Library would have been much larger 
than it is. • Nevertheless, we have added a considerable number of 
valuable publications to our shelves the past year. Mere numbers 
has never, at -any time, been- our aim. Ten works of value and 
rarity might not represent much space on our shelves, nor add 
many figures to our enumeration, yet outweigh in value and worth 
whole alcoves of ephemeral and cheap volumes, with which the 
market is ahvays crowded. Our Librariiin and Library Committee 
keep up a vigilant watch among the catalogues of dealers in America 
and England, and are rewarded by frequently securing some " gem" 
of almost precious rarity, needed to complete our collection of 
books on the northwest, and sometinaes at a surprisingly low price. 

But in general these scarce book^. ; . r high-priced, and the bar- 
gains referred to are few and far between. There are now so 
many public libraries in the lield, with large means at command, 
and private buyers with apparently bottomless purses, that what 
books of true value and rarity our Stale may purchase, cannot be had 
cheaply^ as the word is generall}- understood. Nor, with the small 
means at our disposal, can our accumulations be rapid. It is only 
by patient, persistent, watchful ellbrt, extended tlirough yeai-s, tiiat 
we will secure the realization of our wishes, and make our librar}* 
such an one as the state should possess. 

GJFTS, KXCUANGES, ETC. 

The main source of increase has been, and perhaps until our 
means are more extensive, must continue to be, donations. The 
donors to oar collection have been unceasingly generous, and mind- 
ful of our vrants. Nor are these all our own citizens. The latter, 
of course, have given us generous gifts, and feel a growing pride 
in the Society and the -svork it is designed to accomjdish. But a 
remarkable propoi'tion of the contributors are gentlemen residing in 
the East, and some in Europe, who feel i\ general interest in institu- 
tions of this natin-e, arid a wish to aid them. From this class of 
persons (and our acquaintance with them is continually growing) 
comes a very large proportion of our li])rary increase. It only il- 
lustrates a universal lav,- which api)ears to govern institutions of 
this kind. Some years ago, when our Society was so feeble as to be 
little more than an experiment, it was remarked in one of our annual 
reports, that if we could once but get successfully started, and in- 
spire confidence in our management and future success we should 
find plenty of generous friends to help us, and the little nucleus of 



HISTORICAL SOCII^TY. 



5 



a library would soon swell into something valiuiblc and extensive, 
by the gifts of those, who, Ibllowing an oft illustrated sentiment 
of our nature, are willing to aid those who are successful and de- 
servin^ij. The unbroken and constantly increasing stream of gifts 
pouring into us from widely varied and ever multiplying sources, 
proves this law. 

Of course we have been years in working up and securing this 
list of corres})ondents and contril)ii*(.>: <, but it is a fixed and reliable 
element of our prosperity. Much of it may be classed under the 
head of " exchanges." Ten years ago we had scarcely an institution 
or society on our exchange list. Now there are 112 societies and 
libraries similar to our own, with which we regularl}- exchange pub- 
lications. Nineteen of these are in Europe. ]\Iany of these insti- 
tutions publish works of great vplno and expensiveness. There 
are also a number of bureaus, commissions, departments and insti- 
tutions, State and national, which regularly supply us with their 
publications. jNIost of these works, valuable and costly, are not 
sold b}^ the trade, and can be had only by exchange and 2;ifr. 

PUBLICATIONS. 

In exchange for these gifts, we have not always been able to 
make an adequate return, but our own publications, and such State 
documents as we are b}^ law entitled to, have been used as fully as 
possible for that purpose. During the past two years we have not 
been able to continue the issue of our publications, the third vol- 
ume of whicli is still incomplete. 

Last summer, however, Mr. J. F. Williams, a resident of Saint 
Paul, who had spent his leisure time for several years in collecting 
and writing up a history of the" city and county, cffered it to the 
Society, on condition tliat it should be published in good style, the 
Society to have the copyright and all prolits which might result 
therefrom. As the Society did not have the means requisite to 
issue tiie work, some of its members advanced the same, with the 
understanding that they should be repaid out of the proceeds of the 
sale of the work. The book has been printed, and will be ready for 
publication al)()ut the last week in January. There is no doubt but 
that the proceeds of its sale will repa}' the cost of the printing, and 
leave some funds in the Treasury of the Society, besides furnishing 
a sufllcient numl)er of copies to use for the exchanges before noted. 

OUK NKWsl'AI^lCU COLLKCllON. 

If one department more than another receives the loving care of 



6 



ANNUAL KKPOKT. 



our Librarian, it nnist be that of collecting Minnesota newspapers. 
Our bound series of State journals arc tluis ra[)i(lly becoming one of 
the most valuable portions of our library. The importance 
of this department of our work cannot be over-estimated, and 
the time will soon come when thepeo[)le of this State will feel thank- 
ful that the now too lightly valued chronicles of the passing day 
were collected and preserved by some ore knowing their value 
after the lai)se of a few years. Indeed, we are now almost (laily 
gratified tliat our care iji collecting and preserving these memorials 
of the times has becji of the greatest value to some of our citizens, 
who have consulted them for legal, statistical or historical data. 

As materials for history^ newspapers are unsurpassed, and their 
value cannot be over-estimated. Chronicling current events and 
topics, they form almost the sole record of thousands of facts and 
occurrences that are not, and can not, be presei'ved in any other 
way. What else so shows the very "form and pressure of the 
times?" How can the historians of the future write the story of 
our recent great civil conflict, for instance, without patient study 
of the newspaper collections in our public libraries? How can the 
historians of our own State record its wonderful career without 
these very njaterials we arc so strenuously endeavoring to collect? 
Every step of our State's progress from the organization of the 
Territory, its settlement and development from a wilderness into a 
prosperous commonwealth — its varied political liistory — the sad- 
dening story of its Indian war, and the glorious record of its share 
in the war for the Union, are all to be found mainly in the newsi)a- 
pers wdiich we are so diligently collecting and preserving. 

The}' are even now referred to ol'tener than any other department 
of our Library, and have, in many instances, proved of the veiy 
highest value and use to parties i)rocuring legal evidence. Indeed, 
newspaper files are oftener taken into court tiian a)iy o^her class of 
documents. The varied nature of their contents will explain this. 
Their advertisements alone are a record of unrivalled value and 
interest. The titles to property, and the descent of estates, very 
frequently depend on advertisements of marriages and deaths, 
business partnerships, probate notices and mortgage foreclosures, 
and other legal and business advertisements in owv ncwspapeis. 
Tliere is scarcely an issue of an obscure country i>aper which does 
not contain, among its advertisements, or among its local items, 
information that }eais lience may ellect the i)ropei ty, or perha[)s 
the reputation, and e\en tlie liberty of some citizens. Such in. 
stances occur very freipieiUly, as every newspaper [)ublishei' knows. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



7 



On several occasions, lawy ers have made long journeys (Voni the 
interior of the State, to hnd, in our newspaper collection, proof 
worth to them almost the weight in gold of the file containing it. 
And this must occur more frequently, in the future, as the value of 
property increases, and titles are more often contested. 

A gentleman from one of our largest counties, enquiring at our 
rooms not long ago for a file of an earl}' Territo:'ial journal, (of 
which we had but an imperfect set), stated that if a complete file 
were in existence, it would be worth thousands of dollars to the 
people of that count\-, in settling titles to property alone. Of veiy 
many of these papers we have the only known files. And so valu- 
able — so utlerl\' irrophicable, in fact, b}' an}' sum of monc}', has 
our whole collection become, it makes us keenly solicitous for their 
safety, and is the principal argument for the erection of a fire-proof 
building for our use — a depository, the want of which is becoming 
pressing and urgent. The destruction of our 550 volumes of news- 
papers would be a loss to the State noiv incalculable — to be more 
and more keenly deplored as years roll on. 

PATI.NT OFFICE SP ECf FiCATIOXS . 

Some months ago, the Commissioner of Patents designated this 
Library as one of the dei)Ositories for the oHlcial copies of all speci- 
fications and drawings of Patents. The series have been regularly 
received since that time, and now number 91 volumes. We have, 
also, all the previous issues since 18H, and five volumes of the Pa- 
tent Oflice Gazette. The}- constitute a series of great value to the 
inventor and mechanic, and are largely used, being the onl}- set in 
the State. We ha,ve, also, secured, (by purchase), as a necessarv 
adjunct to this collection, some valuable scientific works, diction- 
aries of science, mechanics and technical wo) ks, so that any ques- 
tions arising in the use of the patent specifications can be made 
plain. 

rilOTOGKAPIlY AS AN AID TO IIISTOUV. 

The colleclion of photogra[)hs of our scenery in its natural slate, 
before it was. or will be, marred by the hand of man — of our ever 
changing and ra[>idly growing towns and cities — of our scenes and 
localities of historical interest and |)ride — of our early settlers and 
promiiient pioneers and pui)lic men — of our Indian inhabitants, 
scarce noticed by our present generation, but destined to possess a 
wondrous interest to those who succeed us When that strange people 



8 



ANNUAL RKPOKT. 



have passed away — all these have l)ceri among our main ol)j(.'Cls. 
Photography is one of the most valuable aids in preserving history 
which we have. Recognising this fact, last winter the Society ap- 
pointed Charles A. Zimmerman, of St. Paul, its pliotographer — an 
honorary appointment, but devolving on him the duty of securing 
for this Society whatever views of persons or [)laces would come 
within our scope. Mr. Zimmerman has very actively engaged in 
that v.ork, and has secured and presented to the Society some 
handsomely framed scenes and poi'traits of historical value. Among 
them are enlarged copies from daguerrotypes of street scenes in St. 
Paul at a very early day, when a cluster of log cabins occu[)ied the 
spot on which stand now some of the huest business blocks in the 
State. It is our wish to secure similar views of every town in the 
State, taken at diderent periods, shov'i -.g its growth. The valuable 
series of Legislative groups taken annually since 1«57, by Mr. 
Zimmerman, should also be in possession of this Society, but our 
means are scarcely sullicient to enable us to secure them now, 
although offered largely below theii- value. 

ROOMS, INSURANCE, ETC. 

The unfitness of the apartments now occupied by the Society, 
and their crowded condition, has been mentioned in previous re- 
ports. In calling attention to this again, it is only to say that this 
condition of things is more than ever urgentl}' demanding a suitable 
provision for our library. It is too valuable to risk in such unsafe 
quarters longer than absolute necessity compels. We have an in- 
surance on it of $5,000, but this is not one-fifth of its value. Be- 
sides, its 550 bound volumes of newspapers, and 200 unbound vol- 
umes, could not be replaced b}- money. Their loss would be de- 
plorable. A safe f]re-],)roof building is the great necessity of the 
Society dow, and one to v/hicli we again respectfully call the atten- 
tion of its friends. 

With this acconnplished, there would be little dilliculty in secur- 
ing all the means necessary for our work. Endowments would be- 
gin to appear — which are withheld now for a very good reason, but 
arc promised when that is accomplished. The generosity of our i-it- 
izeiis, never ap[)caletl to in vain, would soon am[)ly establish and 
sustain the Society, commensurate with all needs, could we once 
safely gather our biblical treasures in such safe, secure, permanent 
quaiters. 



HISTORICAL SOCIKTY. 



9 



DEATHS OF TWO TKOMINKNT MKMBKRS. 

During the past yoar, several of the most active meinbers and 
supporters of tijc Society have been removed by death — Judge A. 
G. Chatiiold, oi BeUe Ph\iue ; B. F. Iloyt, and Hon. Parker Paine, 
of Saint Paul ; Maj. W. II. Forbes, one of the corporate members 
of the Society ; and more recently Dr. vS. Y. McMasters and Rev. 
John Mattocks, of the Executive Council. The deaths of these two 
well-known and able clei'gymen, both of ^Yhom had labored for many 
3'ears for the success and welfare of the Society-, was a severe loss 
to it and to the State, and their places will be difficult to till. 

CONCLUSION. 

The worlv devolving upon this Society is of a three-fold nature, 
and D3ay be briefly summarised in the collecting^ preserving and pv.b- 
lishiiig oi' materials for the Histor}' of Minnesota. 

1. Collecting . The principal labor involved is in the collection 
of this material, which includes everything illustrating Die history 
of tlie State; its early settlement, and of every portion of it; me- 
moirs of it s pioneers, accounts of their adventures and incidents; 
manuscript and printed matter relating to it ; portraits and views ; 
newspapers, maps. etc. This material, (or most of it,) can onl3' be 
secured b^- keeping constant pace with the events indicated. To 
delay their collection a fcAV years would be equivalent to losing them 
altogether, as older States nave discovered, compelling tliem, ulti- 
mately to expend large sums to imperfectly perform what we are now- 
doing, perfectly and completely, with comparatively small expense. 

2. Preservation: The care and arj"angement of tin; material 
mentioned, audits compilation in a form convenient and accessible ; 
also, the management of such a librarj^ of reference as can be se- 
cured by the special means in use by the Society, to in( lud(^ evei-y 
thing needed for those studying its history, statistics, geograph}', 
laws and institutions, its current journalistic literature, and at the 
same time a general library of such woi-ks and docnment.s as are 
not generally found in other libraries, and which can be gathered 
only by such means. 

3. Publication: This is perhaj)s the least valuable of the three 
divisions of our work,, as the constant use of the Library bv persons 

2 



10 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



prc[);iriiig ai-liclc-^, reports, sUiU-slics, and works for pu))lication, 
accoiii[)lisl)C's this portion of llie (l« .~,iu,n lo a considerable extoiit. l).y 
disseniinaLing tlio innM inalion collected, without oullay on our puil. 

Sueh is a l)ri(^f synoi)si.s of our plan, which uiay be intorcsling lo 
those who lun-e not liitiiert > liad an opportunity of beconiini; ac- 
quainted wilFi the designs of our institution. We feel very much 
giatified, as we look back over the i)ast progress of the Society, at 
our success, despite the insullicienl nmtnis we have had. It would 
be doing au injustice to many liberal and active friends and co- 
laborcrs of the Society, if we did not give the credit of most of this 
success to them. Means alone will do much, but means luitJi sut;h 
cncrg3' and devotion, will enable us to succeed as fully in our work 
as the most sanguine could hope. 



I 



a- 



'0) 



ANNUAL REPORT 



k9 



OF TFIK 



Minnesota Historical Society, 



TO THE 



LF.GJSLATURE OF MINNESOTA, 



FOR THE ^'EAR 1S76. 




ST. ]\VI:L: 
1877. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



or TUK 



Minnesota Historical Society, 



TO THE 



LEGISLATURE OF MINNESOTA 




ST. TAUL: 

riONKKR I'KKSS COMPANY. 
1877. 



REPORT OF THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL. 



The continued success and prosperity of the society during the 
pa&t year, in all dcparijuonts of its work, is one of the pj-uuiinent 
features of the present rej^ort, which we present with much satis- 
faction. AVe feel, as we look back on our success, and contrast 
the condition of the society now with what it was a l)rief ])eriod 
ago — for ex;iDi}»le, at the close of the war, when it was reorgan- 
ganized, with enlarged ineaus — that the time of expcrhnoit has 
j)assed, and we are no^\' securely established ;ind in a condition to 
carry out all our oljjects and intentions. Jjike other of our state 
institutions, we have struggled up from a small i)eginning, shar- 
ing the reverses ami prosjicrity of the commonwealth alike, until 
we have builded on a secure foundation. 

THE LIBHAKY. 

During the year iSTG we received the following accessions to 
our library and cabijiet: .l:}ound volumes, 421; pamphlets, 2G2: 
photograjdis and eugravirigs, 18; MSS., 2; tiles of papers, -i; cu- 
riosities, 2; mai»s, 5. Total, TIT objects. 

The sources from whifdi the bouiul volumes were receiviHl, are 
as follows: by })urchase, 251; l)inding, 68; gift aud exehauge, 
IJO. Of the j)amphlets, all, with exce})ti(»us -too few io notice, 
Avere gifts and exchanges. 

The total numljcr of volumes in the libi-;iry (Dec. 1) are: bound, 
T,003; iKimpliUds, or unbouiul, J0,(il2. Total, lT,()ir) publica- 
tions. 

]'ri:(Mi ASKS. 

W'liilc our pureluises the past year have not been large, we have 
addeil a mimbei- of very iui})ort;iut and valuable woi-ks to our eob 
lection. Among the more prominent additions ;iie the fulh)\\ing : 



ANNUAL llKl'oin'. 



History— Eastern States. 

History of Annapolis, Md. 8vo. Haltiiiioiv, 1872 O. M. Tayl .r. 

History of Miirylaiul. 12mo. Baltimore, 1802 J. McSlierry. 

The Chronicles of Baltimore. 8vo. Baltimore, 1874 T. T. SclnuT. 

Annals of Annapolis. 12mo. Baltinioi-c, 1841 D. Ridjjely. 

Connecticut Historical Collections. Svo. New Haven, 1830.. J. \V. Barber. 

History o!" Norwich, Conn. Svo. 1>GG F. M. Caulkins. 

Annals and Family Uecords of Winchc-ster, Conn. Svo. 

Haitford,»]873 John Boyd. 

History ol Windham Co., Conn. 8vo. Worcester, Mass, 1874 ..E. 1). Lnrned. 
Connecticut Historical Collections. 8vo. New Haven, 1S3G..J. W. Barber. 
Extracts from the Kecords of Colchester, Conn., Hartford, 

1864 CM. Taintor. 

History of Winchendon, Mass., Svo. Winchendon, ISGS... .A. Y. Marvin. 

History of Haverhill, Mass. Svo. Haverhill, 1861 G. W. rhase. 

History of Barnstead, .Mass. Svo. Lowell, 1872 J. P. Jcwelt. 

History of the Town of Plymouth, Mas.'^. 12mo. Boston, 1835 . . Jas . Thacher. 
History and Antiquities of New En^^land. Svo. Worcester, 

1841 J.W. Barber. 

History of Nantucket. 12 mo. Boston, 1835 Obcd Macy. 

History of Western r>rassachusetts : 2 vols. 12nio. Sprin^^- 

fleld, 1855 J. G. Holland. 

History of Dedham, Mass. Svo. Boston, 1827. E. Worthin^t(jM. 

Historical Collections of Massaclm.-etts. Svo. Worcester, 

1844.. ..: J. W. Barber. 

History of Phode Island and Nevvpoit. Svo. N. Y., 1853. Rev. E. i'eterson. 
Report upon the Census of Rhode Island. Svo. Providence, 

1867 Edwin M. Snow. 

The Dorr Rebellion in Rhcdc Island. Svo. Washin,^ron, 1845 E. 15ui ko. 

.Centeiinial Celebration, History of Reading, Vt., &c. Svo. 

Bellows Falls G. A. Davis. 

Founders of New England. Sec. 4to. Boston, 1560 S. G. Drake. 

IHstory of New Hampshire, up to 1830. Svo. .Manchester, 

1875 IC. 1). Sanborn. 

Hi.story of Kirkland, New York. Svo. New York, 1874 A. D. Gridley. 

IHstory of the Stale of New York; 2 vols. Svo. N. Y., 1S7I.J. R. P>rodhead. 

History cfQueensbury, N. Y. Svo. Albany, 1.S74 \ W. Hold- n. 

History of New York City. Svo. Ni w York, is: 2 Wm. L. Stone. 

Ixcminiscences of Saratoija and Ball-ton. Svo. N. Y., 1.^75. Wm.L. Stone 
A Condensed History of C^oopcrstown . 12nio. .Vll)any, lSi;2.S. T. Livermorc 

.Annals of Luzerne Co., Pa. Svo. Philatlelidiia, 1860 Stewart Pearce 

Autlientic History of Lancaster, I'a. Svo Lancaster, ISfjD.J. I. Mombert 

^ History — \Ve>^tcrn and Son(hrr)i States. 

Sketches of Western Adventure. Svo. Covin^^ton, Ky.. 1SV2.J. .\. McCluni; 
Alton [111.] Trials. 12nio. New York, li-3S W. S. Eiucolu 



HISTORICAL SOCIKTV. 



Th<^ History of the Stale of Oliio. 8vo. l^etroil, 1875.. John S. C Abbott. 
Ohio Annals, Hi<ioric Kvcnts, Scc. 8v<). Dayton, 187G. ..C. 11. Miu;heucr. 

The Annals of Kansas. 8vo. Topeka, 1S75 1). W. Wilder. 

JNtbraska; Its Advantages and Resources. 8vo. N. V., 1875. E. A. Curlcy. 

The Texas Scraj) Hook. .svo. Kew York, 1875 J). W. C. Baker. 

Alabama; IKr History, Kesources, War Record, 6iC.. Svo. 

Montjroniery, 1872 W. Brewer. 

llistorieal Colleetions of Georgia. 8vo. New York, 1855 Geo. White. 

isketches and liecollectious of Lynchbnr:,', Va. 12mo. Richmond, 1858. 

History of Oregon, 1792-18-t9. 8v-o. Portland, 1870 W. II. Gray. 

Hecollections of the l'>nrly Settlement of Carroll Co., Ind. 8vo. 

CiDcinnati, O., 1872 J. II. Ste\vart. 

'Gazetteer of Missouri. Svo. Saint Louis, 1875 R. A. Campbell. 

•Illustrated History of Iowa. 8vo. Chicago, 187G Tuttlu .ii, lUirrie. 

lllustratid History of Wisconsin. 8yo. Boston, 1875. . ..Tuttle & Durrie. 

V 

The Mines of Colorado. 12mo. Spriugf-dd, Mass., 18G7. ..0. J. Hollister. 

Biography and Genealogy. 

•Genealogy of the Dutton Family of Ba. 8vo. West Chester. 1871. 

Gilbert Cope. 

Genealogy of tlx; 1 )c.scendants of Thomas Angell. Svo. Brovidcnce. 1872. 

A. F. Angell. 

.Biographical History of Lancaster Co., Ba. 8vo. Lancaster. 1872. 

Alex, llvrris. 

The Chapunin F:iniily Genealogy. Svo. Hartford. 1854 — F. W Chapman 
Gencjlogy of Dea Stei)hen Hart & Descendants. 8vo. Hartford. 1875. 

Austin Hart. 

Genealogical Men)oir of tlie Newcomb Family. Svo. Flgin, 111. 

J. B. Newcomb 

Genealogy and History of the Family of Williams. 12mo. Grecnllold. 



Mas-< S. W.Williams 

Biographical Sketches of the Moody Family. 18mo. Boston. 1847. 

C. C. P. Moody. 

Jvlemoraiida of the Descendants of Amos iMorris. 12mo. New York. 1853. 

E. L. Hart. 

The Upton Family Memorial. Svo. Bath, Me. 1874 John A. Vinton 

l\lenn.>ir of -Mr>. John We>,t. 12mo. London. 1850 John West. 

Life of Maj. Gm. Wm. Henry Harrison. Svo. Phiindclphia. 1840. 
Memoir of Roger Willii'ms. , Svo. Boston. 187G N. M. Dexter. 

The lUhellion, FAq. 

The Lost Cause Regained. I'Jmo. New York. 1808 F. A. Pollard. 

Among the Gurrrilhis. ]2mo. New York. 1800 Edmund Burke 

The Frcedmen oftlie South. I'iuio, Cincinnati. ]8G'.» ...L. W. Slaughter. 



Battl-'picces and Asjx'cts of the \Var Svo. New York, I8GG. 

Herman Melville. 



6 



ANNUAL IIKPORT. 



The Natural History of Secession. 12mo. Now York. 18G4. 

T. S. Goofhvin- 

D'.ary from Noveiuber 18, 18G2, to October 18, 1863. 12mo. New York. 1804 

A Gurowski. 

American States— Cliurches and Slavery. IGmo. London. 18G4. 

J. li. Balme. 

Ninth Kcunion Army of the Cumberland. 8vo. Cincinnati. 187G. 
Pictorial History of tlie Civil War. 3 vols, 8vo. Phikulclphia. 1870. 

B J. Los.sinij- 

MisccUaneous. 

Canada Pacific Railway, 8vo. Ottawa. 1874 S. Fleming:. 

The History of Ireland, 3 vols., 8vo London, n. d Thos. Wriglit. 

The Native Races of the Pacific Coa<t, 5 vols., 8vo. N Y. . H. H. Bancrofc. 

Tne Britisii Almanac and (-ompanion, 40 vols, 12mo. London . 

The Indian in his Wigwam, 8vo. Bn^'i^.o. 1948 II. li. Schoolcrafc. 

History of New France, 6 vols., 8vo. New York [Trans by Shea. J 

F. X. Charlevoix. 

The Olden Time, 2 vols., 8vo. Cincinnati, O. [Kepub.].... N. B. Craig. 
Dictionary of the English Language. Folio. London. 1730.. N.Bailey. 
North American Review, 117 vols., 8vo. Boston 

In all, 251 volumes have been aciJcd, at a total cost of $i96.15, 
being an average of nearly $2 per volume. It is a matter of 
regret that our liuiitecl funds restricted us so mucli in the purclujse 
of books, as there has not been so favorable a time for some 3-ears 
to purchase de.^irable books chea})ly, as during the past year. 
Yet, with our small resources, we can add scarcely more to our 
library than many a well to do gentleman does to his private 
collection. Four or five hundred dollars per year permits but a 
small increase for a public lil)i-ary, which has so ]uany demauds 
upon it as ours has, and must serve for so large and exteudcd a 
population, with such varied wants. Ojily for our careful way of 
l)urchasiug, and the experience ol)taiued by practice as to how 
and where and what to buy to advantage, we could not have 
succeeded as well as we luive, with the above small exi)ei)diture 
in adding rare and desirable W(/rks to our slitdvc>s. Ihit we 
should observe that itierr monhrrs has not been at any time our 
aim. Had quantity and cheai))iess been an object, we could 
perhaps, have bought 2,000 voluuies for the above sum — 
l)retty fair works, too. lJut they would not have l»een the kiiid 
of works we want now. The tiuu' may come wben ihey will l>t.^ 
desirable, but they can then be ])urchased just as cheai>ly and 
easily as at i)resent. What we are most desirous of securing 
now are tliose rare and valuable works regarding the early liistory 



HISTORICAL SOCIETV. 



7 



of the conntr}', and espceiall\' tlie West — works growing scarcer 
and higher priced every year, owing to tlie hirge number of public 
libraries now being formed in this country, many of them with 
ample means, as well as an increasing number of ])rivate 
collectors, whose purses seem larger even than many of our pul)lic 
institutions. Fiction, which forms the bulk of the issues of 
most of the circulating libiaries, has no place at all on our 
shelves worth mentioning. Our object is to instruct — not ainuse, 
and every work ever purchased for our shelves is of real value. 
The closest watch is kei)t on catalogues of dealers, both in the 
U. S. and England, enabling us to select the best works at the 
lowest prices. Of course, with our restricted means this is a 
slow way of building up a library, but we are making steady 
progress, at least. Since we began making purchases 10 years 
ago, there has been an average number of 225 volumes i)urchased 
per year, at an average cost of $448 per annum, or a fraction less 
than $2 per volume. Considering the rarity and high ])rice of 
most of the scarcer works we are securing, and the costliness of 
works of reference, such as enc3'clopedias, dictionaries, &c., the 
above ' average is certainly a very reasonable one, and wc have 
been fortunate in our purcha=^es. So continually enhancing in 
rarity and value are most of the works purchased, that we believe 
the above 2250 volumes are worth now, and would sell, for twice 
what they cost us. 

To pro})erly make the advance demanded of us, we should be able 
to lay out $1 ,000 per year in books, at least. This would en able us to 
complete, or at least render sufficiently complete, several depart- 
ments which ^voald give our library an enlarged usefulness, vrithout 
making any burdensome addition to our annual appropriation. That 
sura would enable us to meet more nearly the demand upon us. 
We are now coiitinually pressed by scholars, by scientific and })ro- 
fessional men, investigating certain lines of study, to ])urchase 
works Avhich they have not the means of procuring, l)ut which 
should Ije i)rovided by the state for the use of its people. These 
works an^ gemu'ally costly, so that we are sciireelv in better con- 
dition to ]jurchase them than the scholars themselves. Most of 
these works do not exist in any library in the state wliich is ac- 
cessible to the public, and our citizens have been compelleil to go 
to Madison or (.'liicago, to i)ursue investig;itions on subjects in 
which we could give them no aid. As the commonwealth at large 
shares ;md j)ru|it.s, directly or indiicctly, in the result of such 
study ami researches, at least as they add to the sum of knowl- 
edge among those whose knowledge is generally nnide most useful 



8 



ANNUAL IIKPOIIT. 



and available to oilicrs iiunicdiately iiround them — it is evidently 
tlic duty of the state to foster, eneourage and assist sucli research 
and investigation among its citi/ens, esi)ecial]y where the outlay 
is comparatively small. 

.GIFTS. 

By far the largest part of our increni'-ut, thus far, has been 
gifts from members and correspondents of the society, and the past 
year this source of accession has not l)een diminished, even in 
view of the finaiicial stringency. In all, 110 bound and 262 un- 
bound volumes have been received, besides a numl)er of valuable 
pictures, curiosities, etc. A list of the same accompanies this re- 
port, as an appendix, ])ut this gives no idea of the value and choice- 
ness of many of the gifts. We might esjiccially mention a?nong our 
contributors the past year, Dr.. Samuel A. Green, of }3oston, who 
lias continued the generous aid In? has given us for several years 
past. Gen. E. W. Johnson, of St. Paul, is the done: of some 40 
volumes of State Adjutant General's Ileports, issued during the 
war, a class of works now much sought after. Hon. Alex. Kam- 
sey, and Hon. S. J. II. McMillan cuutribute valuable olhcial i)ul)- 
lications. Robert Clarke, of Cincinnati; Joel ^lunsell, of Albany, 
N. Y.; Isaac Smucker, of Newark, 0.; Eev. C. 1). Bradlee, of 
Boston, and others, names to be found on our roll of contributors 
for years past, ag.ain give us evidence of their kind remembrance. 
J. J. Howard, L. L. D., London, contributes his valuable publica- 
■tion Miscellanea Genealogica et lleraldica, " and J. L. Chester 
his recent elaborate woi'k " Kegisters of AV^estminster Abbey." 
Hon. Havid Burt, Suporintejident of l*ublic Instruction, and Rev. 
Dr. Strong, of Carlton College, and Rev. D. C. Lyon, merit our 
thanks for si)ecial efforts to complete our sets of jouriials of religi- 
ous bodies. ?^lr. C, A. Zimmerman, the photogra])liic artist, con- 
tributes some valuable views of St. Paul and Minneapolis, taken 
some 20 or 25 years ago. To Hon. G. A. Hamilton, of St. Paul, 
and, LP. Williams, Centennial lojumissioiuu- from Mi)inesoia, 
we are imlebted for a])out lOU publieatiojis on the subject of the 
Centennial Exhibit icni, catalogues, rei)orts, etc., a valuable and 
interesting history of that evejit. 

While we must depeml mainly on pui'chasing for securing 
most of the rare and valuable wcuL's needed for any dt'))arl ment, 
the i)roi)ortion of :;ifls In our annual iiu-rcast^ is sigiiilieaut . Out 
of 7,000 bouml volumes o)i oui- shelves, we have i)urehased only 
2,250, or 82 per cent, leaving 1,75(), or CS per cent, as the result 



HISTOIIUWL SOCIETV. 







-uf tlic generosity of" our ineinixTs and })<itrons, Avliile nearly eveiy 
one of tlie 10,000 pani])hlets, toiretlier with maps, pictures aiid 
-cnriosiiies, are also gifts. 

And this stream of valnahle contributions is flowing in with in- 
creasing volume. Tlie old law that to him that hath shall Ixi 
given, applies with rennirkahle truth to a society like this. In a 
former report we adverted to this curious law governing the 
growth of ])ublic iustiiutions. On-'o it has attained, through 
long struggles and toil, ])erha}>s, a prosperous standing, men seeui 
to vie in aiding it, who would have turned away from its a])peals 
wluMi feeble and uncertain of success. A writer in the New York 
Eveuijig Po.if, referriiig to a gift to a similar institution in anotluT 
state, Avell defined this law: " Let a foundation l)e well establish- 
<?d, so as to inspire entire confideiice in its perpetuity, and free 
^\fir< and offerings will be made to it from all quarters, and it will go 
on increasing in importance and resources be3'ond the wildest 
<lreams of its founcl^^rs. ** 

AYe have, since that date, amply demonstrated the truth of the 
-jisscrtion. Our accessions during 1876 were from over 20 States 
.and Territories, and several foreign countries. Tt is true, we were 
several years in securing and making available this source of in- 
crease; but it has no^v l)ecome of great importance. Many of the 
gifts we receive are of consideraljle value. Rare works, privately 
pri)ited books of very small oditio^is, gifts from autliors of mono- 
•grai^hs, fainily genealogies, kc. Some are sets of works, others 
oj)ly a pamphlet, j^erhaijs, hut all contributed for some object, be- 
cause the work was known to he valuable, or rare, or desirable. 
Many were never for sale at all, but were printed for presentati(ni 
<m\}\i It may be known to many that there is rapidly growing uj- 
in our country a class of persons of fine literary taste and skill, 
(luited to amj^le means ajid liberal disposition, who delight in hu.nt- 
ing Uj) literary curiositx\s, and pur(diasing them for ])resentation 
to institutiojis like our own, where they will be api)reciated and 
iVireserved. The late Geo. W. Fahnestock, v^'hose generous and 
valiuible gifts to us were notinl in an earlier repoiT, was an exam- 
ple of this class. This ))resents strongly the advantages a Society 
•such as this i)ossesses in collecting a valuable libi-ary, and to this 
end the systematic ami ujitli-ing eifoi'ts of our libraiian, and other 
men '.hers, are directed. 

OUK XP:\VSPA1'K|; COLLI'XTIOX 

Continues to increase in size and in value, gratifvingly. Our 



10 



ANNUAL REPORT- 



librarian lias made tliis department a specialty, and has devoted to- 
it a zealous and watchful care, uud w'dh pleasing results.' We 
have now over GOO bound volumes of" ne\vspai)crs, the larger part 
of them relating to our own State, and commencing with the first 
paper, the "Minnesota I^ioneer, " April i^S, 18i9, coeval with the 
birth of our Territory. Of many of the journals of our State we 
liave complete files. Of many of them we have the on!>j files in 
existence. Indeed, it may be aiud. ro'jMnling aliuost any of our 
volumes, that they are utterly irre]dacal)le by any sum of money ; 
while, collectively, the wealth of the Indies would not again gather 
thera, in the event of their destruction. Their safety is one of the 
main reasons which lead us to wish so keenly for a fireproof de- 
positoiy. The loss of these complete aiid admirable materials for 
the history of our State and its people, vrould be deplorable, and 
be more aiid more keenly felt as jt-ais rolled on. They are, in 
general, not to be had outside of our library. So few files, even 
of more important journals, arc preserved, and these often bear 
the hazard of loss and waste by iSre, or carelessness and ignorance, 
that he who would undertake now, even with the treasures of a 
realm at his command, to gather these ephemeral chronicles of the 
})ast, would return almost empty-handed. It is well that our So- 
ciety began its collection of these invaluable records of our his- 
tory simultaneous with their appearance, and continued it, as far 
as our means would permit, until the present time. It is true, 
there are gai)S in the collection which somewhat mar the chrono- 
logical completeness of the series of some of the journals, although 
by the overla})ping of the other files these periods are tolerably well 
covefed. It might be proper to add here, that this occurred through 
no dereliction of the Society. These hiati represent the dark days 
of financial disaster, rebellion, and Indian massacre, from 1859 to 
18G2, a period when the Society was left utterly without a penny 
to pay postage with, and its most active woi'kers ab>out in the- 
army. Some of the valuable iiles cohering this per:t»d have 
been secured since, and ijidccd, Ave have a fair collection on that 
interesting i>eri()d of Slate history, but not so complete ;i< ii would 
have been, had not tlie only income the Society had (an apjirojiria- 
. tion of $1)00 in State scrij), worth sometimes not over 40 cents on 
the dollar) lu'cn totally withdrawn. 

To give a more dennite idea of the ext(Uit ;nul c<jmpleteiiess of 
our collection of Minnesota journals, we i:iv(^ in lh«' a]>pendix a list 
of the bouiul* liles an-auged ali)halM^tically under Ihe n;i!ne of the 

* III aildiii.^u lo those b«)iiiid voluriits, we have somo unbou'id covering dilTereiit 

periutls, so fracmenlary that we h.ivc leU thcni, for the i)resenl, in that coiulr.iou, but, if 
no u )i)orUiiiity s^jjii ollVr.-s to CDinpk-le ttieiii we n\ ill b.iij them also. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



11 



towns whore jtiiblislied. This c:itah)j^ue will ])C useful to tliose 
elsewliere in tlie state, wishing to sec wliat materials for the lus- 
tory of their counties we have in our collection. 

GEXKRAl. KEMARKS ON THE COLLECTION. 

It will be observed, on exauiinini; the list, that the files of a few 
papers appear somewhat irregular, There are numerous reasons 
for this. The frequent changes in the proj^rietorshi}), caused by 
financial reverses, v/ould call for a revision of the nniil list, and all 
free })apers (for they were sent to us free,) were generally cut off. 
There were also frequent changes in name, which did not, how- 
ever, affect the consecutive issue of the journal without other 
change. Very frtvjuently the oiiices of })ublication were moved 
from one town to another during the county seat struggles of the 
earlier days — clianging the place of issue merely, the pap r being 
otherwise the same. No business has been subject to more fluc- 
tuations, uncertainties and vicissitudes than journalism in Miinie- 
sota, during its earlier years. The enterprises of this nature 
started and ''run" a few months, and then discontinued, make a 
list of formidal>]e length.* Of many of these journals we have the 
(nily files in exi.vtence. There is not one, no matter how snnill or 
fragmentary, which does not contain most v.aluable matter, to be 
found in no other shape. 

Had the Society possessed the means, during tlie earlier years, 
to have secui-ed, by subscription, the complete journalism of the 
territory, our c(^liectio]i would be much more full and valuable 
than it is, and could probably have been made absolutely com- 
])lete. Those collected were the generous gift of the publishers, 
themselves, in nearly every instance, struggling against, j^ecuniary 
disaster, and i)orhai)s illy a])le to make the contril)uti()n. Even 
now, some ])apers v^'hich are unal)le to furjiish us with copies, 
could be secured thus, were it not so manifestly unjust to the 
others who have generoush' sent us their issues free. It has Ix^m 
once or twice proi)Osed by ineinbors of the legislature to couj'le 
with the annmil ai)i)roi)riation by the state for i>ul)lical ion of the 
session laws a jn'oviso that each journal receiving that j)atrouage 
shall contribute a (•o})y to l)e ])reserved here. IMiis has never been 
done, however, and we still j-ely on the voluntary action of tlir 
l)ublishers, knowing that the j)ri(le wliich every joiirnalisi feels in 
his important i»rofession, will cause him to feel solicitous of seiid- 

♦ Out of 42 journals rcot-ivtul tllcil hy this Society In l>i''7, no le.-s tliiui 22 are now 
diycoiiUnut iL 



12 



ing to us, for i)reservatioii, a coTiiijU^tc iilc ui' liis paper. This 
Society, and tlie })Coi>]e of tlie .-^taie, for wlioiii they an; actin<(, 
must always gratefully renieinber the generosity oi" tlie iiewspaj^er 
})uhlishcrs in Minnesota aiitl adjacent states, in .'liding in the forni- 
atio'n of a collection of such splendid and invalua)>le materials for 
ii history. 

f 

VALUE OF XEWSPAPKKS AS MATKltlALS l-OK HISTORY. 

There is Dot an issue of the smallest and feel)lest country news- 
pai)or -Nvhich does not contain matter which, perhaps years henee, 
may be of tlie most vital iniijurtance, affecting the estates, the 
reputation, Uiiy, even the liberty, of some citizen. Lest it juiglit 
be supposed that we have overrated newspai)ers as materials foj* 
Jiistory, we cpiote from a chapter m the reccjit report of the 
Bureau of Education, on "Pul)lie Libraries in the United States," 
written by Hon. A. E. Sjxjflord, Librarian of Congress : 

^'The modem news])aper and other periodical publications atford 
the truest, the fullest, and on the whole, the most imi)artial image 
of the age we live in that can be derived from any single source. 
Taken together, they aiford tln' richest material for the historian 
or the student of politics, of society, of literature, and of civiliza- 
tion in its various aspects. What precious memorials of the day 
even the advertisements and l)rief paragraphs of the newsj)a})ers 
of a coitury ago atford us ! "While in a tield so vast it is im])os- 
sible for any one library to be more than a gleaner, no such insti- 
tution can atford to neglect the collection and preservation of at 
.least some of the more important newsi)ai)ers from year to year. 
A public library is not for one generation only, but it is foi- all 
time. O])portunities once neglected of secui-ing the current peri- 
odicals of any age in continuous and c(un])lete form seldom or 
never recur. 'J'he i)rinciple of selection will, of course, vary in 
ditfcrcnt libraries and localities. While the safest gemn-al rule is 
to secure the Lest and most re])resentatives of all the journals, 
reviews, ami magazines Avithin the limits of the fund which can 
be devoted to that purpose, there is another })riiu iide which should 
largely guide the selections. 

" In e;u'h locality it should be om; leading ohjvct of tht; j^rim i- 
pal library to gather within its walls the fullest representation 
})0ssible of the literature relating to its own Stale and neighbor- 
hood. ,in every city and large town the local jourjials ami othej- 
I^eriodicals should form an indispensable ]>art of a i)ubric lil)rai-y 
collection. W here the means arc wanting to purcliase these, tht> 



HlST()i5ICv\L SOCIK'I V. lO 

jjroprietors will froquoiitly fiiniish tlioni free of expense for ii ]>uh- 
lic use; but no oei.-asion should Ik* lost of seciinng-, i)uiuecli;iiely 
on its issue from tlie ju'ess, every pul)licatioii, lar<^e or small, which 
rehites to the local hisiory or interests of the jdace when; the li- 
brary IS maintainefl. This collection should embrace not only 
news});i})ers, umj^azines, etc., but a comj^lete collection of all cas- 
ual pami)lilets, reports of municipal governments, with their sub- 
divisiojis, rei)orts of cliarital)le or bein^volent societies, scb<Jols, 
etc., and even tlie pros])ectuses, bulleiins, catalogues, etc., of real 
estate agents and tradesiufui. J'lvery liln-ary should Inive its scrap- 
book (or series of tlieju) foi* preserving the political broadsides and 
fugitive pieces of tlic day wliich in any way reflect or illustrate 
tlie s]nrit of the times or the condition of the people. These un- 
considered trifles, commonly swept out and thrown away as worth- 
less, if carefully preserved and handed down to the future, will be 
found to form precious memorials of a bygone age. 

" How many i)ages of our modern })hiloso]d)ic historians are il- 
luiuiniited by traits of character and ]nanners derived from these 
epliemei-al handljiils, Ijroadsidcs, ballads, and other forgotten 
rubbish of the centuries that are gone. While the files of the 
journals of any period furnish unquestionably the best instru- 
ments for the history of that ei)Och, it is lamentable to reflect that 
so little care has ever been taken to i)reserve a fair representation 
of those of iuiy age. The destiny of nearly all newspapers is swift 
destruction; and even those which are preserved, commonly sur- 
vive in a provokingly fiagmentary state. The obvious causes of 
the rai)id disappearance of periodical literature are its great vol- 
ume, necessarily increasing, with every year, the ditticulty of lodg- 
ing tlie liles of any long i)eriod in our narrow apartments, and the 
continual demand for pai)er for the uses of trade. To these must 
^be a<ldcd tjie great cost of binding ii]<'s of journals, iiu-reasing in 
the direct ratio of the size of the volumes. As so forn;idable an 
expense can be incuj-red by very few })i"ivate sul)scribers to period- 
icals, so much nu)i-e imijortant is it that ihe jiublic lil)raries should 
not neglect a duty which they owe to tlu-ir genei-ation as well as 
to those that are to follow. 

*' 'I'hese poor jouriials (jf t(^-day, ^\ Inch everybody is j-eady to 
stigmaii/e as trash not woi'tli the I'oom to store or the money to 
bind, are the veiw materials which the man of the future v. ill 
scare h ioi' with eagerjie.^s, and for some of which he will be ready 
to pay their weight in g(dd. 

These i-epn^sentatives of the coninuu-cial, industrial, inventive, 
social, liteiMi-y, political, moi'al, and religions life ul" the times 



14 



AiNNUAL IlEPOllT. 



should be preserved and handed down to posterity with sedulous 
care. 

*'No historian or other writer on a)iy subject, who would ^vrite 
conscientiously or with full information, can aft'ord to neglect this 
fruitful mine of the journals, where his richest materials are fre- 
quently to be found. 

"In the absence of a great library of journals, or of that uni- 
versal library which every nation should possess, it becomes the 
more important to assemble in the \ . :1 jus local libraries all thi;se 
ephemeral j)ublications, which, if not thus preserved contem})o- 
raneously with their issue, will disappear utterly and elude the 
search of future historical inquirers. And that lil^rary which 
shall the most sedulously gather and preserve such fugitive memo- 
rials of the life of the people among wliich it is situated, will be 
found to have best subserved its purpn=;e to the succeeding genera- 
tions of men. " 

PATENT SPECIFICATIONS. 

Our patent specifications continue to be of the greatest use and 
value to artisans and manufacturers. AVe have received, during 
1876, twelve volumes of the speciUcations, and the weekly issues 
of the "Patent Office Gazette.'' We have now 105 volumes of 
the new series, 46 of tlie old, and 8 bound volumes of the Gazette 
— total 156. This is the only set in the state, complete and acces- 
sible to the public. It extends back, com})lete, a perio-l of over 30 
years, commencing with No. 4,014, in the year 1S4G. At the 
writing of this report, the current number is about 184,000. We 
have also rccentl}' procured the republication, by the Patent Office, 
of all the specifications ajid drawings from 1790 to 1886, in one 
volume, and also the general index of all inventions from 1790 to 
1874. We now only lack the numbers from 1886 to 1846, and 
these will probably be republished by the })at(,>nt olHce. 

There are artisans and manufacturers wlio resort to our rooms 
and study our i)atents during their leisure hours, as regularly as 
professionid men study their own class of works. In view of the 
enormous numl)er of patents now extant, covering almost every- 
thing "under the sun," it is absolutely necessary f(U' mechani-'s 
who are })0udering any invention, to see what has Ix^en patented 
in the same line, before spending any time or money. 

The large and increasing use made of these specilications, is a 
good evidence of their value, and taken in connection with the 
fact that there are now tinus in our state engaged in j atent solic- 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



iting and agency, shows tliat there is already S])ringing up in oar 
-state quite a consi(leral)lc class of inventors and ingenious lue- 
chanics, a most valual^lo class to any coniuuinity, and one lliat 
should be encouraged by every means ojjen to the state. The 
stimulus given to the natural ingenuity of* the "Yankee" race by 
the large profit on any successful article enuring to the discovei er 
'or pjitentce, has awakened the study of mechanical sciences and 
natural philosophy to a degree unknown before, and will result in 
valuable discoveries among our citizens, which will increase the 
wealth and resources of the whole commonwealth. Indeed, 
libraries and cabinets of natural history and laboratories to facili- 
tate such investigations are now a necessity, (^)uite a number of 
patents have already been issued to citizens of this state. As 
proper aids to the study of these patent specilications, a few works 
•of reference, or liand-l>ooks, are nec^l^d on scientific subjects, such 
as architecture, chemistry, mineralogy, mining, hydrostatics, 
dynamics, and the physical sciences generally. 

PUBLICATIOXS. , 

No effort has been spared during the past year, to collect 
contributions from those pioneers of our State, who are able to 
furnish them, of such facts and events in our early days, not yet 
recorded, as will throw light on the pre-territorial days of 
Minnesota, and })roperly narrate the p:irt borne in the planting of 
our common^\"ealt1l, liy its old settlers. This is a worl; which 
must not be delayed, as the few who can funiish these valuable 
facts are rapidly pvassing away, or becoming too iniirm to 
undergo the a})plication necessary to write any extended narrative. 
Wc are not unmindful of the precarious chance to secure the 
valuable nnniniscences the}^ alone can give, and one of our main 
duties is now to accomplish this. Several gentlemen have 
valuable papers in preparation. We have already done much 
in that direction, in the pu])lication of three volumes of 
historical collections filled with valna1)le matter, and ho} e to 
continue the series, until every point of our early history slnill 
have been written up and pul)lislied for the inlbrmation of our 
•citizens and scholars elsewhere. In this connection, we again 
urge (not only our members) but any and every citizen who can 
write anything, to do so. Tf ]iot printed inmiediately,— though 
we publish as promptly as our means i>ermit,~ the nninuserij)t 
will at least be safe and available for us(\ 

In our annual report a year ago, we alluded to a work called 



IG ANNUAL KKI'OKT. 

History of the City of St. Paul ami County ()[ I?a]iis(.'y, *' the 
cop\'ri<j^lit of wJiieh was olf(!iv(l to the Society, by the authoj', ou 
the (*oii(Iitioii that it would publisli the same, the prolits io to 
the Society. A few of our luembers ucjieri^iisly advanced the 
means to issue tlie work, which was <h)m3 iu a very neat and 
creditable manner, forming A'ol. iV of oiu- ''Collections.'* It 
was not so successful i)ecuniarily as had Ijcen hoped, owing to tlie 
financial stringency, l)ut enough were sold to pay all exj)CJises of 
publication. The Society has also been enaljled to use the 
remaining copies in exchanging with sister Societies, to distribute 
to. the press, and to trade for other books. Some 200 copies 
have thus been used to advantage, and J 50 remain, which nniy 
yet be sold. 

We arc receivijig in our work of sccuri]ig facts about tlie 
unwritten history of the State, valuable aid from the ''Old 
Settler's Association of Minnesota." It is in reality a branch of 
this Society in many ]-espects. The memoirs and facts collected 
by it, are ])recisely what we need, and as the Old Settlers deposit 
their papers, books and documents Avitli us, for safe keei)ing, ai'e 
accessible for use. When that Association dissolves, as it must 
in time, by the denth (jf its last member, this Society is to receive 
its records find other property. 

PUBLISHED MATEItTALS FOli MJNNKHOTA HISTORY. 

Reference was made, under another head, to the value of e\)ht- 
meral publications, such as i)ami)hlets, papers, broadsides, hand- 
bills, &c., as materials of history. Their value will l)e most re- 
cognized I)}' those who have most used, or most endeavored to col- 
lect them. AYe wish to remind our inembers, and all citizens, of 
the desirability of nudving our collection complete, in evei-ything 
relating to Minnesota. Nothing net.Ml be considered too trilling 
for our purposes. It may seem trilling now, indeed, ))ut as its 
preservation is one of our objects, in the future (and our W(n-k is 
largely for the future) its full value will be knowji. 

For instaiue, the journals of our various religious bodies is one 
branch of nniterials having a i)eculiar valu(\ as including the 
lu.nncs of large classes of our active citizens. Our librarian has, 
by special ellort, succeeded in com])leting sets of journals of six of 
the leading dencnuinations in this State. Sonu^ ai'c m^w absolut(d\' 
complete, and of these there are i)robably not mor(^ than two or 
three ^-omjdete sets in Minnesota. Xo one, excei)t those v, ho have 
endeavored to gather a set of such iximidilets, could realize how 



UlSTOniCAL SOCIKTY. 



17 



scarce, how almost uiiobtainaljlo, they becoine, soinctiines within 
a few months after their public;'^i''!n. As many of these are 
printed in other cities of tlie State, and lliiis escape tlic knowled<;e 
of the librarian, our iViends in thosi* ]dac»'s are urgently requested 
to secure and forward to us these wails iov preservation. 

Societies and orgiiui/.ation-s of various i:inds, afier operating 
some years, often disband. Their records might ultimately be vmI- 
uable, if there "were any place to dei)osit them. This society offers 
such a place for archives of that kind, where they an ill be secure 
from the loss which generally overtakes such ownerless documents. 

ROOMS — PROPOSED FIRE-PKOOF BUILDING. 

In one of our pj-evious reports, we called attention to the 
crowded condition oi' our rooms, whi ;^.. I:;.ken into coniiection with 
our stead}' growth, iK»i)its to a period finite neai- at hand, when our 
present rooms will be totally inadequ.ate to contain, or at least 
pro])erl3' accommodare, our bil^liotheejil ti'easures. In fact, we are 
alread}' quite hani})ered in ou]- growth and operntions, l)y our re- 
stricted quarters, wliile they are unhealthy and otherwise unfit for 
our purposes. 

We are, therefore, justilied in again, more pointedly perhaps 
than previously, calling the attention of our members and j^atrons 
to the absolute neeessity of providing, before many months, a 
commodious lire-proof building for our use. We can then meet 
more nearly the dennmds upon us for securing, preserving and 
rendering attainable for use, our treasures of k-uoAvledge in its 
mail}' departments. How such a building is to be secured, is a 
question we shall ha\e to defer solving until the issue is to be 
squarely met. Perhaps a way ^vill tlien be seen out (jf our dilli- 
culties. Su(di a building will perhai)S cosr, indeed, ought to cost, 
$25,000. Wheiher this should be: i. Furnished by the State; 
2. Eaised by sub.-eription : ur, 3. l^irtly by both, are questior.s 
we do not now })i-oi)ose to discuss. At ajiy rate, when the finan- 
cial i)ressure is lifted, the nnitter should receive our serious consid- 
erati<m. If it is ]iot delayed until the flauujs shall have swejjt 
away these gatherings of (juart(.>r of a century, we shall be foi-tu- 
11 ate. 

I.ILRARIKS AS A MOPvAL POWER. 

AVc luive thus euuuieraled, somewhat in detail, the objects ol" 
the Societv, aiid the means now used to carrv (mt those objects. 
3 



18 ANNUAL REPORT. 

We feel greatly encouraged as we refer to the latter division of the 
subject, and indulge in a pardonal/jo ]>j j.[e in tliat success. If we 
should not in any particuhir, hov/over, have fulfilled the exi)ecta- 
tions of our fVicnds, w(» can only say, there is much we iris/trr/ to 
do, which wc were without the means to acconijjlish. 

Nor hnve we overrated the ini})ortance and value of our work. 
Indeed, it would scarcely l)e possible to do so. A\'e live in an age 
of remarkable mental activity. Public librai-ies are now rightly 
estimated as one of the greatest promoters of what is termed mod- 
ern civilization, aud culture, aud one of tlie chief adjuncts of our 
fine and valuable educational system. ^lany regard them, iud»'ed, 
as a sequel, rather than a dei):irtinent, of that system. While they 
m^y have a sjjocial work, or division, like the Xorunil School, or 
the University, they sui)i)lcm(uit the work of both. The schools 
awaken the thirst for knowledge — lil)r;iries gratify it. Emerson, 
'Uhe Sage of Conc(n'd, has said — that ''the great library is to 
the modern learner the equivMleut of the University. '* It is, iji 
many respects, even more than a University. It gathers and re- 
cords the learning, the ido:is, the history, the })rogress of each age. 
Generations may come, play their noisy })iirt, and disappear, leav- 
ing scarce a record of what they ^vere, or what they did, except 
what is found in the so-oll of the historian, or the archives of the 
municipalty, and the public libi'ary, enduring and changeless, 
gathers find treasures up these records at the la^^t. Silent and 
voiceless, yet living and speaking, they stand on its shelves. 

It does not jday a conspicuous part in society. Its existence 
may be unnoticed by the mass of men, yet it reaches and nH3ves 
them all the same ^\'ith its silent, yet powerful forces. Froiu these 
fountains of thought, streams of infornnitioii continually flow, in 
various directious, and to various results. It is reproduced i]i a 
myriad of ways, aud enriches a luultitudeof efforts. The pulpit, 
the })ress, tlie rostrum — tlm^^ i)owcrful forces in soeiety — would 
have but a tithe of their i)0wei', without the luiblic libiary. 
Thi'ough them it speaks to millioiis, and its })otent influences si- 
lently, but sureVi tell on the destiny t)f tlu^ mition. 

"Libraries," to (juote a recent writer, 'Mnive ever been the con- 
servators of })()pular inttdligem'(\ Whenever and wherever a col- 
lection of book's has Ixmui lorme(l, then and there othci- agencies 
of knowledge aud thought, clnstiu' together. Ihtoksare the nucleus 
about which culture crystallizes, like a gem of many facets. They 
are at the center of literature, science and art. They illuminate 
education, religion and life. They an* the stimulus of students, 
the strength of scliolais, aud tlu* delight of luen of taste." 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



19 



Such is the importance of the trust devolving upon us, and liup- 
ing that ue may admiiiistei- it in the lut ire as we believe we have 
iji the past, justly and successfully, this report is respectfully 
suhmitted. 



Li;3i\^.RY 



20 



ANNUAL REPORT* 



1 



!:> E IST 33 1 X . 



LIST OF DOXORS. 

FJiOM INDIVIDUALS. 

Bonr.d Vols. Unbuund. 

Geo. \V. Anderson, Esci., Rl. Panl 1 

lion. 0. C AiKlrcws, St(i':kli()l(ii 1 

Hon. K. Armstrong-, Yankton, 1). T I 

iMrs. Mary r. Jkiker. 8L. l^iul • l 

Rov. C. I). Bradlee, llosion 5 

J. B. Chancy, i:>q., St. Paul 21 

IMchnrd Chute, E^q., rvIinuea))olis j 

Josepli L. Chester, London, Eui; 1 

Rob't Clark, r<q., Cincinnati, 1 2 

P. Cndmore, llsq , Lc Sueur • 1 

M:ij. Gen. J. Watts l)e Pe^ster, Xew York 1 

Prof. Wni. AV. j'\)l\vcll, State Ijnivcrsity 20 

])r. SanuK-l A. Green, Boston 1 44 

• Geo. A. Haniilt(jn. E>q., St. Paul 2 13 

John II. Hanson, Esq., St. P.iul 1 

N.J Hen ick, Lawrence, M;i->s 3 

J. J. Howard, LL. ])., London, En,:; 12 

Col Albert, 11. II, .yt, P.oston ' 1 

Gen. H. W. J(^hi;soii. St. Paul 40 

Seneca G. Lai)haii). Esq., Milwaukee 1 

Rev. D. C. Lvon, St. Paul 6 

Hon. S. J. \{^ McMillan, St. Paul 1 

Frank J. Mead, Lsq., Minn, anolis 3 

Joel Mun.-ell, Esq., Albany, N. Y 29 

James Nesbitt. lOsq., Troy. N. V 2 

T. S. Parvin, Grand Sec. of Iowa 2 

Prof. W. F. Pheli)s, Winona" I 

Hon. Edmund Quincy, Boston 1 

Hon. Alex. Ranisc}'. St. Pawl 47 

G. S. SarL^enl, Esq., Brookliui^ Ma.ss . 1 

Edward Sawyer. Esq., St. Panl 1 2 

Dr. Isaac Snuicker, N<.'wark, O 1 

Rev. H. A. Stimson. Minneapolis 1 

Rev. E. M, Stone, Providence, R. 1 1 

Rev. J. W. Stronir, I). 1)., Xorthfickl, Minn 3 

J. F. Willianrs, St> Paul 6 GS 



HlSTOllirAL SOCIKTV. 21 
Ki:oM s()cii:rih>, i.N.^iiiivMONS, Kic. 

I 

Amorican Anticinni ian Society 1 

Mass;ifluiNoits Historical Society 1 

VcrrDont Historical Sof^iciy 1 

New Knu'liiul Historic-Gcncuioiiical Society ' 1 

Essex Institute, Sah-in, Mas^ " 6 

Georiria Historical Society 2 

Maryland Historical Society 2 

. New Jersey Historical Society 1 

Pennsylvania Histoiical Society 2 

"Western Keserve and Noriliern Old') Historical Society 1 

Free Pul)lic Liljrary. Worcester, Mass 1 

Astor l>ilj;ary. New York 1 

Tcabodv Musiaun of Arcli:\iOloL,'v, etc., Cambridge I 

Yale Coile-e 

Merc intile Library, New York I 1 

Pldladtlphia Library Company 1 

State Library of Micldtcan 1 

Indiana State Archa-olouical Convention 1 

Bureau of Education ^ 

Sur^Lreon General's Oilice 1 

State lioard of Healtlu Mass 1 

Deparlmenl of Interior 38 - 

Pennsylva<iia State ]5oard of Charities 1 

War ik'partmeut U. S 1 

Poyal Historical Society of England 1 



22 



ANNUAL Ki:i'(>RT. 



CATALOGUE OF BOUND NEAVSrAPURS. 



Albert Lea Freeboni Co. Kairle. Jan. 15, IK.",!), tc, Mav 12, lHG(i. 

•Fivel)orii Co. Staiulanl. Sept. 20, ISOO, U) Jan. rA, lsr,2. 

Freoboni Co. Standard, Jan. 1, ISHS, to Dec. 31, '73, (2 vul.) 

Alexandria Alexandria Post, Sept. 2'J, 180s, to Dec. 30, I.S7(J, (2 vol.) 

Auoka Anoka Star, Oct. 3, to Sept. 3, 16G*. 

Anoka Union, Jan. 2, Is.N, to Doc. 27, 1870. 

Anoka Co. 1'res.s, Jan. 2t;, 18G9, to Dec 30, 1872. 

Anoka Co. Union, Jan. 3. 1871, to Dec 30, 1S7G. (2 vt>I.; 

Anoka Co K^pnblicau, j:in. 1871, to Dec. 1875. 
Austin MoAver Co. Mirror, Nov. 4, 18.-)8, to Oct. 13, 1859. 

Minnesota Courier, .Mar. 2(5, 1862, to Dec. 24, 18G2. 

Minnesota Courier, Jan. G. I8G3, to Jan. G, 18 ;4. 

Mower Co Keglster, Mar. 10, 1864, to Sept. I8G4. 

Austin Re^cister, Jan. 3, 18G7, to Dec. 30, 1876, (3 vols.) 

Mower Co. Tr.uiscript, July 15, 'GO, to Dec. 30, '70, (2vol.s.) 

Mower and Filhnore Co. l^epubllcuu, Oct. '7.% to Dec. 30, '76. 
Beaver Fails Jk-avor Falls Gazette. 1870. 

Belle Plaine.... Hi-lle Flaine Fnnnircr. March 18, 1858, to Oct. 12. 18G1. 
Blue Earth City. Blue Earth City News, Nov. 2, 18G1 to Julv 12, 18G2. 

South West Minnes.jll.in, Au^^ 2, 18G2, to Sept. 13, 18G2. 

The South West, March, 18GS, to Sept. 2, 1871. 

Bine Eartli City Post, l.^G0-7G. 

Blue Earth City Bee, 1875-6. 

Brainerd Brainord Tribune, Feb. 10, 1872, to Dec. 2G. 187G. 

Brownsville Brownsville Herald. Arnx. 2, ]S.-)G, to Jan. 23, ls58. 

Southern Minnesota Herald, Mar. 1, 18.")8. to Apr. 16. 1850. 

Brownsville Free Press, Dec. 15, 18G5, to May 21, 18G9. 

AVestern Progress. Apr. 28, I8i;0, to May 7, 1870. 

Caledonia Houston Co. Jounuil, Feb 2, 'GO, to An.i,'. 31, '69. 

Cannon Falls.... Cannon Falls Beacon, 1876. 

Carver Carver Co. Democrat, May 17, 1859, to Aug. 3, Is.VJ. 

Carver Co Free Press, 187G. 
Chaska .....Vallev Herald, Sept. 4, lsr,2, to Nov. G, 1SG2. 

Valh v Herald, Jan. 2. ISGl, to Dec 27, 1876, (6 voN.) 
Chatfield Chatfield Democrat, Dec. 18, 1858 to Aui:. 27, ISr.t (2 vols.^ 

Chatllekl Democrat, Jan. .''), 18G7, to Dec. 25, 1875. 

Chatlield Kepublican, Nuv. 15, 18.->9, to Oct 15, 18G1. 
Delano Big Woods Citizen, i 187S to De^. 30, 1876. 

Wriaht County Fairle. S 

Dclavau Delavan Bee, 1872 to 1874. 

Detroit Detroit Pecord, May 18, 1872 to Jan. 30, 1875. 

Duluth Dululh Minnesotian, April 24, I860 to Dec. 2G, I87-1,(2 vols ) 

Duluih Tril)une, May 4, 1870 to Nov. 5, 1875. 

Dulntli Herald, 1875. 

Dululh Minnesotian-Herald, 187.0 and 1876. 

Duluth .Mornin- Call, daily, Jan. 4, 1871 to May 28, 1S71. 

Duiwlh Vreekly Democrat, April 2, 1871 to Oct. 1. ks7l. 

l^Yota Kvota Advertiser, (m.) Is70 to 1S7G. 

Fairmont Martin County Atlis, April 11, 1SG8 to Dec. 29, 1869. 

Martin County Peview, Auc;. 20, 1870 to Aug 16, 1872. 

Martin County Sentinel, 1875 and 187C. 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



23 



Faribault Central liopublican ) June 23, 1858 to Dec. 30, '70 (0 vols.; 

Faribault Ki-publxan > 

Faribault Leader [and iJ.iuocrat,] Au-. 2, 1870 to July 
U, 1875. 

Nortbern Statesman and Western Farmer, \ov. 12. 1801 to 
Mareh 18, 18(;2. 

F'armington F'arminirtou Tt-lei^raph, Juno 4, 1808, to Auu;. 20, ISC'.) 

Furminirtnii Pros;*, An:,'. 4, 1870 to Dec. 25. 1870, (2 vols.) 
Fergus FulLs .... Fergus Falls Advocat<-, April 22, 1871 to Nov •), 1870. 

Fergus Falls .Journal, .Julv 24, 1873 to Dec. 30, 1«70. 

Garden City Garden City Ilertild, Oct. 23, 1807 to Aui;. 5, ls70. 

Glencoe Gb-ncoe Kc-ister, Jan. ! ',. 1^50 to June 22, 1^00. 

Glencoe Ke^ister, Jan. 18, 1^02 to Julv 12, 1802. 

Gk-ncoe Eenister, Jan. 'J, 18GS to Dec* 22, 1870. 

Glencoe ]ie-i.>ter, March 2, 1871, to Dec. 2S, 1870, (2 vols.) 

McLe<Hl County Kegisier, April SJ. 1808 to July 2, 1808. 

Glenwood .Glenwood EaLrle, Nov. 4, 1871 to Sept. 20, 1874. 

Granite Falls ... Granite Falls Journal, 1^75 to 1870. 

Hastings HastiuLTs Independent. Jan. 27, 1859 to Dec. 25, 1802. 

Hastings IiidepeuchMit, Jan. 2s. IMU to Dec. 20, 1800. 

Hastings l.e.l-er. March 20, 1851), to Oct 8, 1S5'J. ^ 
' HasLiniis Dcmocial, Dec. : >ji>, to Ap. 27, 1801. 

Minnesota Conserver, April 25. 1801 to Marcli 20, 1802. 

Minnesota Conscrver, Jan. 8, 1S03 to Nov. 13, 1800. 

Hnstinirs Gazette, Oct. 5. ]8n7 to Dec 31 1870, (3 vols.) 

Dakota CoLinry Uiuon, Oct. 23, 18G7 to Dec. 31.70,(3 vols.; 
Henderson Henderson Democrat, April 3, 1850 to May 4. 1801, (2 vol.-.) 

Henderson Times, Jan. 0, 1872 to April 2!>', 1875. 
Ilokah llokah (1iief. March 27, 185S to Fel). 5, 185!>. 

Hokah Chief, Feb. 7. 18';0, to Nov. 18, ls02. 

Ilokah Blade, Nov. 1S75 10 Dec 30, isTi;. 

Jackson Jackson Jiepublic, Mareh 5, l.s7u to Dec. 28, 1870, (2 vols.) 

Kasson Do.lge County Hepnijiican, Aug. 1871 to Dec. 1870. 

Dodge Countv Republican, June 23, 1871 to Dec. 20. 1875. 
Lac qui Parle... Lac qui Earle Vvcss, 1873 to 1870. 

La Crescent La Crescent Flaiiidealer, April 10, 1801, to Nov. 1, 1802. 

Lake City Lake City 'J'inies, March 1, 1802, to Dec. 27, 1802. 

Lake City Lea-ler, Auu'. 5, 1805, to Dec. 30, 1 870, (4 vols.) 

Wabasha County b;enLinel, Feb. 8, 1871, to Dec. 31, 1»70. 
(2 vols.) 

Lanesboro Lanesboro Herald, Sei^t. 17, 1808, to Nov. 14, 1871. 

Lanesboro Clarion, Nov. 28. 1871, to Dec. 20, 1871. 

Le Su(mr Le Sueur Courier, Dec. 11, 1807 to An--. 27, 1873, (2 vols.) 

Litchfield :\leeker Co New.s, Jan. 7, 1871, to Dec. 2;>, 1873. 

Ledi^er and News-Ledger, Jan. 1, 1874, to Dec. 30, 1870. 
Madelia Herald, 1873 and 1874. 

Mankato Mankato Independent, Feb. 4, 1800, to December 20, 1802. 

Mankato Eecord, March 2i), 1801, to Oct. 2i). 1801. 

Mankato Keeovd, Jan. 18, is02, to Dec. 20, 1802. 

Mankato Keeord, Jan. 3, 1803. to June 10, 18i;3. 

Maid;ato Record, July 18, 1803, to Dec. 10, I8O5. 

I\rankato liecord, Dec. 7, 1807, to Dec. 31, 1870 (3 v ols. 

Ma!ikato Review, Jan. 0, 1873, to Dec. 28, 1875. 

Mankato Union, July 17, 1803. to Dec. 20. 1805. 

Mankato Hnion, Jan. 3, 1807, to Dec. 24, 1870 (3 vols.) 

Mantorville Mantorville Express,. March 18,18.'.8, to Dec. 20,1870.(7 vols.) 

Marshall Frairit; >"^choouer, ? r» «■ 1 --o 4 i.-- 

Mar.shall Mes.senger, 3^^^-' ^^'2' ^« 

Minneapolis St. Anthonv Express, Mav 31, 1851 to June 17, 1851. 

[and St. Anthony] Apr, 21, 1800, to Feb. 23, isoi. 

North Western Democrat, ) .May 24, 1854. to July 12, 1850. 

Minnesota Democrat >Jnly 10, ls5«;. to Oct. 17, 1857. 

Minnesota Rer-ublican, Nov. 30, 1854, to ()ct. 11, 1855. 

Minneapolis (ia/.ette. Mar. 10, 18.>8, to Oct. 1, 1858. 



24 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



Minnonpolis Min[ic«;ot:v State Xows : W., Jan. J4, ISCO, to Doc. 10, l.S()2. 

[& St. Amhony] The Slaro Alias. Jan. 7, 180:5, to Aug. 24, ]8GL 

Minneapolis Chronicl-', 1) . Juik' 10, 1600, to Apr. 3(». ISOT. 

J)ai!v 'riibuiie, Mav 2a. ]80;», to Doc. .Jl, 187o. (I?, vols ) 

St. AiJlhoii.v Falls i)«;mocrat, Oct. ^, 18<il,), to Dec. 2«, 1871. 

Daily Kvcnins: Now.s, May 1, to Dec. :-}l, 1872. 

])aily Evening- News, Jan. 8, 187;^>, to May 30, 1873. 

Daily Kvenini;- Times, Jan. 1, 1873, to Dec. 30, 187:'.. (2 voN.) 

Daily Evening Mail, Jan, 2, 1875, to Dec. 31, 1875. 

Noidisk Folkeblad, Mar. 17, 180:», to Dec. 30, 1S7C 

Citizen, 1874, to 1870. (vols. 3-5.) 

BiKklslikken, Sept., 1873, to Dec. 28, 187C. 

Goplier Mirror, 1874. 

(T(^tal, 38 vols.) 

Monticello Wright County Republican, Sept. 22, 18C0, to June 8, J8G1. 

Northwestern Union, Feb. 22, 18C2, to .\pril 12, 1802. 

Wriaht. County Times, Jan. 3, '71, to Dec. 24, '70, (2 vols.) 

MoorlK ad R. d River Star, July 0, 1872. to Dec. 30, 1870. 

New Ulm New Ulm I'ioneer, Jan. 7, 1800, to Aug D, 1802. 

New l lm Plaindealer, Nov. 12, 1870, to Dec. 0, 1872. 

New Ulm H. ra'.d, Aug. 1874 to Dec. 30, 1S7G. 
Northlleld Nortlifield TeleuTaph, !3, 1801, to March 10, 1802. 

Northlicld Standard, July 1872 to Feb. 10, 1870. 

Otter Tail ofer TmII City Record, S.pi. 30, 1871, to .May 1 1, 1872. 

Owatonna The Representative, Jan. J), 1801, to .March 13. ]^'01. 

Owatoiina Plaindealer, Oct. 1, 1803, to Nov. 30, 18G5. 

Owatonna Journal, Dec. 8, 187o, to Aug. 1875, (2 voLs.) 

Owatonna Register, Oct. 23, 1807, to April 30, 180S. 
Perham Perliim New.-, 1875. 

Pir-e City Pine County News. Oct. 1874 to Dec. 1870. 

Preston The liepublican, Nov. 2, 1801, to Oct. 23, 1876, (4 vols.i 

Fillmore Conn'y Republican, Nov. 4, 1870, to Sept !7, 1875. 
Preston Republi(;an, 1S70. 

Princeton Princeton Appeal, 1874 to 1870. 

Red Wing Sentinel, Jan. 1, 1859, to A|)ril 24, 1801 

Coodhue County Republican, Feb. 3, 1800, to Aug. 20, 1804. 

do. Jan 4,1807, to Dec. 31, 1876, 

(3 vols.) 

Goodhue County Volunteer. Feb. 10, 1802, to Aug. 24. 1804. 

Red Wing Ai-gus, Jan. 2. 1808, to Vjcc. 31. 1870, (3 vols.) 

I he North Star, Dec. 1, 1871 , to Dec. 3, 1872. 

GrauLce Advance, 1^74 to 187(5. 
Red Wood Falls .lied Wood Falls Mail, Sept. 17, 1809, to Dec. 27, 1872. 

Red Wootl Ga7,ette, Jan. 1, 1873, to I^ec 31, 187G. 
Kochester Rochester Democrat, March 18, 1858. to Oct. 21, 1858. 

Rochester Free Press, Jan. 1, 1858. to Jan. 0, 1859. 

Rochester Post, Nov. 2, 1859, to Aug. 2, 1802. 

do- April 18, 1803, to Sent. 22, 1804. 

do. Oct. 12. ]S(;7, 'lo Dec. 31, 1870, (3 vols.1 

Rochester Republican, March 5, 1802, to Aug. 24. ]s04. 

The Federal Union, Jan. 4 1808, to Dee. 20, 1873. 

Central K'ecord, (S. \V.,) Feb. 4, 1^71, to Dec. 30, 1S71. 

'I'he Minnesota Record. Jan. 27, 1S72, to .Marcli 7, 1874. 

Record and Union. Is74 to l.s70. 

Nordisk Volkeblad, March 12, 1808, to >ray M, I80S, 
{Total 10 volumes.) 

Rush City Chi-a-o (,'ounlv Post, 1S75 to 187G. 

Saint Charles. ..St. (Miml-'s Ih^rald, .March 13, 18GS, to Oct. 2, 1808. 
St. Charles 'i'inies, 1874 to Rs7(j. 

Saint Cloud The Democrat, March 3, 1S59, to July 19, 1800, (3 vols.) 

The St Cloud Times, April 9, 18G4, to Nov. 5, 1804. 

do. Sept. 15, 'OG, to Dec. 31, '70. i3 vols.) 

St. Cloud Journal, Jan. 2, 1808. to May 25, 1870, (;'. v(d^.) 
St. Cloud Journal- Press, .Mav 25, ls70. to Dee. ;^0, 1870. 
St. Cloud Press, 1872 to i87ti. 



HISTORICAI, SOCIE'lT. 



25 



Saint Paul: One hundred and tliirty-one volumes, from April 20, 1849. 

to Dec. ol, 1S7G. 
Saint Peter St. Pett.-r Courier, Ap. i'';, 1855, to Jan. 1, 1858. 

St. Peter Free Press. May 27, 1857, to Dec. 7, 1859. 

St. Peter Tribune, Jan. 9. 18G3, to Dec. 31, 187G, (5 vols.) 

Minno.olu Statesman, i)cl 8, 1858, to Dec. 23, 1859. 

Sank Center Sauk Center Herald, Jan. 9, 18G8, to Dec. 2G, 187G, (3 vols.) 

Sauk Kapids....Sauk Kapids Frontiersman, Sept. 29, 1859, to Dec 22, 1859. 

Sauk Kapids New Kia. Jan. 2tJ, 18G0, to Nov. 29, F^GO. 

SaukRapkls Sentinel, J;in. 1, 18G"^, to Dec. 31, 187G, (3 vols.) 
Sliakopec Sb^^ikopee Independent, Nov. 10, 1855, to Feb. 11, 1857. 

Valley Herald, Feb. 25, 1857, to Oct. 28, 1857. 

Scott Co. Democrat, Ap. j, 1859, to Aug. 2i. 1861. 
X Scott Co. Ari^u.s, Nov. 13, 18G1, to Dec. 31, 1802. 

sliakopec Argus, July 4, 18G3, to Sept. 25, 1805. 
. Shakopee Argus, Feb. H, 1807, to Dec. 31, 1876, (3 vols.) 

Sliakopee Spy, Dec. 10, 1808, to Dec. 8, 1870. 

Shak-opec SpeclHtor, Nov. 10, 1807, to Ap. 2, 1808. 
Spring Valley... Western Fro^ress, June 15, 1870, to Dec. 31, 1876, (3 vols.) 
Stillwater St. Croix Union, Jan. 4, 1854, to Dec. 1857. 

Stillwater Democrat, Jan. 8, 1859, to Feb. 2, 1801. 

Stillwater iMesseiiger. J-'-o 8, 1858, to Mar. 11, '08, (4 vols.) 

Stillwater Messenger, Dec. 23, 1870, to Dec. 31, '70, (2 vols.) 

Stillwater Kepu]>]ican, Mar. 18, 1808, to Dec. 8, 1870. 

Stillwater Gazette, 1873, to Jan. G, 1875. 
Taylor's Falls . ..Taylor's Falls Reporter, Feb 23, 1800, to July 31, 1802. 

Taylor's Falls Keporter, Jan. 2, 1800, to July, 1873, (3 vols.) 

Tavlor's Falls Journal, July, 1873, to Dec. 1870. 

Wabasha Wabashn Co. Herald, Jan. 29, 1859, to Dec. 20, 1875 (6 vols.) 

[and Keed'sJ Wabasha Co. Journal, Oct. 29, 1859, to Aug. 31, 1861. 

Minnesota Patriot., Jan. 8, 1859, to Oct. 1, 1859. 
Waseca Waseca News, Nov. 29, 1807, to Dec. 30, 1874. 

Waseca Radical, Jan. 1, 1875, to Dec. 31, 1870. 
Wasioja Minnesota Beacon (s. w.) June 15, 1800, to Sept. 15, 1860. 

Free Will Baptist (m), May, 1802, to Nov. 1802. 
Wells Wells Atlas, Jan. 20, 1870, to Dec. 9, 1874. 

Faribault Co. Leader, 1874 and 1875 (imperfect.) 

Willmar Willmar Republican, Jan. 28, 1871, to August 20, 1873. 

Wilton W:isera Hon.>e Views, June 3, 1800, to Sept. 20, 1801. 

Waseca Citizen, Dec. 20, 1800, to March 27, 1801. 

W^indom Wi)ulom Reporter, Sept. 11, 1871, to Dec. 31, 1870, (2 vols.) 

Wiuuebngo City . Winnebago City I're-s, Juue 23, 1870, to Dec 14, 1871. 

Winona.. Winona Kepublicau (w) Nov. 27, 1855, to Sept. 24, 1862 

(2 vols.) 

Winona Republican, Jan. 2, 1807, to Dec. 31, 1876, (3 vols.) 
Winona Pvcpublicau (daily) Jan. 1, 1870, to Dec. 31, 1870 (2 
vols.) 

Winona Fxpress. Ana:. 14. 1855, to Oct. 10, 1855. 
Winona Argus, Feb. 20, ls57, to Sept. 3, 1857. 
Winona Times, Feb. 0. ls5^, to .Inly 17, 1858. 
Winona Democrat, (weekly) Nov. 20, 1858, to Nov. 17. 'CO. 
Winona Democrat, (daily) Jan. 8, 'G8, to Nov. 12, '08, (2 vols.) 
Winona Herald, May 7, 1809, to Dec. 31, 1S7G, (3 vols.) 
• (Total, 10 vols.) 
Worthington . . . Wortiiington Advance, 1874 to 1870. 



ADJACKNT STATES. 



Bayfield, Wis... .Bayfield Press, Oct. 13, 1.^70, to June 15, 1872. 
Ashland, Wis ... Ashland Press, June 22, 1872, Dec. 31, 1870. (2 vols.) 
Osc(;oia, Wis... Polk Co. Press, Jan. 1, 1808, to Dec. 30, 1870,^ (3 vols ) 
Superior, Wis . ..Superior Times, Sept. 20, 1870, to Dec. 31, 1876, (2 vols.) 

4 



26 



ANNUAL REPORT. 



Prescott, Wis . ..Northwestern Democrat. Dec. H, IS.VS, to Dec. H, 1S59. 

I'lescolt Journal, Jan. 1, 18G8, to Dec. 30 1870. 
New Uiclini'ci,W.St. Croix, rtepuhlican. Aug. 1869, Dec. 1870. 
Yaukton, D. T.-Vanklon Press, .Mar. i, IcsTl, to Dec. 1H73. 
Bismaik, D. T..r.isniark Press, Auir. 1873, to Dec. 'J7, 1876. 
F»r^i;o, D. T . . . . Kai'iro Kxpress, 1^7-^. 
Wiiiuipe^^, D. T.ManiLoban, 1870- j:. 

News Letter, (scnii-w'y) Feb. 22, to June 21, 1871. 



OBJECTS OF ClOLLEOTION DESIEED BY THE SOCIETY. 



Hooks aiMl l',niii»lilc is on American Ilistoi}-, Jiio,ui\iphy .'hkI Cencalogy, 
parliciilari y tliosc 1 t'la; iiii; to the Wcsi ; Work^ on our li-dhiu T:ibe>J, 
ami Ain' iicaii A rcliieolo^ify ai.d Etlinoloiiy ; Statistic.il and Scientific 
I'uiilicitions of Siatc^ or Socielies; iiooks or Tanjplilets rel.itiiiir to the 
Great Ivebeilion; privately printed works; Newspapers; Maps and 
Charts; Kr.«,n'avin2:s ; Antu;ni-aplis ; Coins; Antiquities; and Kncyelope- 
di..s, Die; 'onaries and Bibliograiiim ai works ol' ew ry kind. Entire sots 
or works are especially solicited, or collections of books on any suidect, 
but single volunus, or paa.i>Iilels even. Avill be irrateruily received. 
Esj'ccially do v. e desire 

j-:vei;y THING j^elating 'J'O uui: own state. 

1. Travels and ICxplorai i.')n* ; City Directorii-s ; Copies uf the earii< r 

Laws and Journals of our Legislature; OrdininiC'-s o: Cities; and 
in sliort, every book, on an.y suuject, printed in tiie State or else- 
wjiere, relating to it. 

2. Pamphlets of all kii:ds: Cataloi^ncs of .Min)ie>ota ColIe_,^e"- and oth* r 



Jii-'i ! o - I : : '.' I ' l] liei-MM'ts of Soti'.tM.s; ^ennon^ 
and, , . ite ; Minutes of Ciiurch Conven- 

tio; . her i -ci. >j:! m ical I'odies of Minnesota : Tolit- 

1c;'.l :!ro*id a'id lioai (1 of '1 rade Repoit>: Pam{fbk'l.- 



3, File- > r Minnesota Ne'.vsna!).'rs and iM -a.cazines, especially coinide'e 

volun es of pa-t jear.s. or > ; • '■ > i ■> •> even. J-'ubli.-^licr.s are 
earne-'.y I'ei |iit'^ : ..ai locout'ii \i.atioiis reuul.iily, al! of 

Aviiich w di bv enrei'uLy prese; r> ; / , i:d. 

4, .Matcrinls for MiiMjesota History; Old Letters. Joun\'ds and Manu- 

s( rijn- Na iT.:ti vcs of Die I'ionec.'rs of -Minnesota ; Original Tapers 
on )■ ■ v\. P. ; 'ttleiiu nt of the Tei riioiy ; Advtii'urcs 

and Coiiiii - '.nvi ; ■ i c; iiii!i;in War or the late Jvebellion; liiog- 
raphie.s of the J i(.neers of every Couiity, eiliier living or d.cca.seii, 
togeiher with their portiails and autogi aplis ; a sketch of the 
Si r!v. ii -nt of every toAvn and village in the State, with names of 
il.'- 1. 1 -ettjcrs, "We solicit articles on every subject connected 
Willi .Minnesota liistory. 

5, ^iaps, of Town Sites or Countits, of any date; Views and Engrav- 

ings of buildings or histoiic places; Drawings o\- rhoLOurai>iis of 
Scenery; Paintings; Portraits, v^c, connected with Minnesota 
hisloiy. 

C. Cnri )silies of' all kinds f.^r otir Mn-^eum; Coins; Medals; PainfiiiLrs; 
Poitrats. l/rigravings ; Statues; "War Ivelics; Ant..>gr;iph Letters 
of distinguished i)erson.v, etc 

7. Facts Illustrative o!" our Ir.dian Trib- s; 'I heir History. Chara ler- 
isci< s, liel'giijn, c^c. ; Sketches of their pr .••nineiit Cldefs. Orat*>rs, 
and Warriors, togeilicr wi'.h co .tributieuis (»r Indiati \\'ea|>ons, 
Co-tumes, Ornaujetits, Curl -sities and Inipletnents. Akso Stone 
Axes, Sj)t a.rs. A " row Heads. Potieiy, or other rcrn-s of the pre- 
]ii 't(.); ic rae^ >. 

In brief. * '•/•r.v//."f that. l)y the most lilieral cotist ruei i«)n, can illustralo 
the history f>f M iiinevota ; ]t> early set llement ; i'.s pro:;ress oi- ]))-esent 
conditii)t:, which wiil be oi" vaUn' or inl« rest to .succeeding generations 

Cotn)nunic:ilions or gijis may lie addresst d to the Secretary of the 
Society, ut St. Paul. 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



TO TH1-: 



LEGISLATURE OF MINNESOTA, 



FOK THE YEAR 1877. 



^ sP&i- -7*--^^>-^ W-V- 



MINNEAPOLIS : 
JOUXSOX, SMITH & UAKIUSON. 

1S78. 



OFFICERS OF THE SOCIETY. 



PIJKSTDKNT, 

RT. KEV. JOHN JlfKLAND, D. D. 

VICK-PI5ES11)I;NTS. 

1. Hon. a GOODRICH, 

2. Capt. R. BLAKKLEY, 

3. Hon. AVM. U. MARSHALL. 

SF.CllETAllY AND LICKATtlAN. 

J. FLETCHER WJJ.Ll A:\IS. 

TREASUi?Ell. 

HENRY r. UPHAM. 

MEMJiEKS OF EXECUTIVE COUXCIL. 

Ex- Officio. 

His Excellency, John S. Pillsbury, Governor. 
Hon. J. 15. Wakefield, -Lieutenant Governor, 
Hon. John S. h-gc.'n;::, Secretary of State. 
Hon. Orlt'ii P. Whitcomb, Auditor of State. 
Hon. William Pfaender, Ti-easurer of State. 
Hon. George P. Wilson, Attorney-GencraL 



Elective. 



Hon. John M. Deny, 
Hon' Geo. L. Becker, 
Capt. Russell Blakeley, 
J. B. Chancy, ]■ <q., 
Hon. y. \{. b.'lano, 
Hoji. E. Y. Drake, 
Jud;^a> Aaron Goodrich, . 
Georj^re A. Hamilton, Esq, 
Alfred J. Hill, Esq., 
James J. Hill, Esq., 
Rt. l^cv. John hvland, D. 
Gen. K. \V. .IdIuisou, 
Hon. N. W. Kit (son, 
Hon. .lolui D. lachlcn, 
E.\-Gov. \V. 1{. Marshall. 



Charles E. Mayo, Esq., 
Dr. John H. ]\Iuiq)hy, 
Rev. E. D. Neill, 
Judge R. R. Nelson, 
Hon. John S. Pn'nce. 
Hon. Alex. Ramsey, 
L. E. Reed, Esq., 
Hon. H. M. Rice, 
Hon' I). A. Ivohertson, 
Gen. John IL Sanhoni, 
Hon. H. H. Sii)ley, 
Hon. John H. Stev<>ns, 

(>. Sweeny, )']sq., 
Henry P. Upham. Esq., 
J. F. 'Williams. 



lE^ IE CD Jt^ - 



The close of tlie tweiity-ciglitli year of tlio existence of the 
society, finds it in a mo>t successfrl and prosperous cojidition in 
ever}' particular, beyond any previous and we are irratified at 

being able to report such good progress. The past year lias added 
to our strength and usefulness, to an unexampled degree. Our 
library has increased more than in any single year previously, to 
Bay nothing of the value of the books added, -while every depart- 
ment of our work has beeJi i)rosi)e]'ed and i)ushed forward with 
good result. In presenting this encouraging report, we do so with 
pride at the gratilying coiulition of the societ}', and that it has now 
become so well estaldished, roturning the aid and patronage of our 
citizens by its value and usefulness^ as a public institution. 

THE LIBKARY. 

During the }'ear just closed, we received the following accessions 
to our library: bound volumes, 1072; pamphlets and documents, 
823; maps, 21; photographs and engravings, 5; MSS. 2: tiles of 
papers, 2; curiosities, IS; total, 1943 objects. 

The sources from which the bound volumes were received were — 
by purchase, 368; gift, 293; binding, 291: exchange. 120. Of the 
pamplilets and documents, maps, &c., nW were received by gift and 
exchange. 

The total strength of the library, Dec. 1, 1877, is: bouiul volumes, 
7171; unbound, 10,835; or 18,000 titles, 35G maps, &c. 

rURCIIASKS. , 

Our })ii) (dias(\s, the })ast year, v/hile not large, have secured to us 
many valua))le works and sets of works. A list of the more im- 
portant ones are given in tiie Appendix to this report. 



ANNUAL RFJ'ORT. 



Ill all, ^v'e have purclia.scM.l 3^8 voluiiif's. at a cost uf 80G7.C-1, or 
an avonigf of >^1.S1 per voluiiic. snpipHiiii!:;- It.-ss tli:iji tho average 
price of preceding years. In addition to this, -^^O.l';; ^\as expended 
in tlie sul)scriptions to niaga/incs and juurnals. making the total 
for purcliases, 8T47.S7. To this sliould ];p added s:>02.05 for 
binding: making in all, 'Si^-l^.i)."), expended this year on the direct 
increase of the library. 

While this may appear n considerable sum to those who have not 
had experience in the i)un:h;ise of books, it is really n very limited 
sum on which to build up a library, such as ours is-exi)ected to be, 
and does not allow of a very rapid iiicre;ise. J^it even with this 
sum we liave made not only a resj)('ctal)le addition in uumbei's, but 
have addeil works of unmistakable vu\uo and iuliufiice. The price of 
such works is generally pretty high, and although our library com- 
mittee has become quite experienced and successful in securing bar- 
gains, 3'et the class of books Ave are now trying to procure, are not 
cheap, and in the nature of things, cannot be. The standard works 
of reference, issued by reliable publishers, are generally (piite high 
priced, while the rare works on American history, especially local 
history, are now becoming scarcer and dearer each year. So manj' 
public libraries are now being formed in America, designed to cover 
this special field, besides a host of private collectors, many of them 
with ino]'(^ means than the public institutions themselves, the books 
are sought after with a competition which has resulted in greatly 
enhancing their price, niid making it moie and more difficult, each 
year, to secure them. In the f\ice of this, and the extensive field we 
have to cover,we have sometimes been almost discouraged,on account 
of our inadequate means, as compared with our wants. Desirable 
works offered to ns at a great bargain A\ e have l)een compelled to de- 
cline. And this is more to be regretted, since this will result in our 
eventually })aying far more for the works, as the}" are yearly growing 
more difficult to get. and higher in price. 

We have added the |)ast year a few encyclopedias and woi'ks of 
reference, dictionaries, ^:c. Tlu^re is a class of books we should, in 
addition to these. endeav(n' to secure, i. e. costly, illustrated works, 
too expejisive to be found in ]>rivat«^ libraries, but valuable for refer- 
ence. It is expected that these sliould be tuiind in public libriaries, 
but as yet we have been unable to procui-e them. For the mere 
amusemrnt of readers we have made no pi'ovision. There are onl}' 
nine works of fiction in our entire library, and these rei)ivsent 
special .subjects. 

AVith the limited exiicnditure for books we have )iiade, our 
increase is certainly gratifying. It should l>e noted, however, that 



iriSTORlfAL SOriKTY. 



but for tlu' iiKiny gonerons gii'ls liave received, (.•oiistitiitiiig 
spcr C(.'nt. of our Iji»uik1 works, \v.' (-(juUI not Inive iiiaiK- tin; iiiK,^ jjro- 
grcss above not(M]. 

GUTS. 

Tlio gifts received tlie jxi.st year liave l)een many and valualdo. 
and we refer lo tliem witli grateful i-ecogniti(j]i. Dr. S;imuel A. 
Green, for some years i)a.st ;i leadin'.r eo-'itribiitor, lias again add»-il 
120 pami)blets and 2 volumes to our collecticm. Senator S. .1. 1\. 
]\Ic]\rill:ui contributes 32 bound volumes, among them 12 volumes 
of the Congressional record. Kev. J. F. Tuttle. Crawfordsville. 
Lid., gives 37 valuable pamphlets; Irving Todd, Hastings, 93 do.: 
J. P. Pond, St. Paul, 10 bound volumes, 100 painidilets. and several 
hundred papers; E. F. Drake, do., 10 pamphlets; G. A. Plamilton, 
do., 3 bound volumes and 19 pamphlets; Judge E. C. Palmer, do., 
38 volumes of the Atlantic Magazine, unbound, ^:e. Hon. James 
Shaw, Mt. Carroll. HI., I. F. A. Studdart, St. Paul. A. d. Hill. Hon. 
Alex. Ramsey. Gen. J. H. Baker. H. P. Upliam, Hun. J. H. Stew-ai't 
and others, of St. Paul, have also idaeed us under obligations for 
valuable gifts, Avhile some others are mentioned under the head? 
Cabinet, Archaeology, iS:c. 

The Commissioners of PateJits of Great Britain, liave generously 
donated 95 volumes of the abridged specifications of patents of that 
country. The War Department, U. S., has also contributed several 
volumes of AVbeeler's Geographical Survey Avest of the 100th Meri- 
dian; while the Hayden Geological Survey have sent us a full set of 
the reports of that survey. Th(\N(' works are valuable and expen- 
sively illustrated, and relate to the region west of us. regarding 
which we are endeavoring to secure a complete collection, so far 
with much success. The Department of the Interior, Bureau of 
Statistics, Bureau of Education, and oilier d(^partments at AVash- 
ington, have also sent us valuable works at their disposal, and 
promise to continue the favor regularly in future. 

Mrs. Pev. A. P. Paterson. widow of one of our pioneer clergy- 
men, has given to us two manuseri))t volumes, of meteorological 
observations, kept l)y him from I'^.M' to 1S7(). Tliese are valual)lo. 
because the}' are known to be thorougli. leliable and eom})lete. 

Our sister soeieties have also giuierously reiuembe.ivd us, some of 
their contributions ])eing quite too valualde an<l extensive to Iv 
classed under the head of exrlumges. tliougli sent a-; -urh. The AVi-- 
consln Historical Soidety, the Massachusetts Historical Society, tlu? 
A^ermont Historical Society, the Historical Society of J^eunsylvanii;. 



8 



&c., liiivo been aiiiong tlu' most <;cner(ju.s donors, the first naiiiecl 
contributing I'S bound and b'2 uiilKxuid volumes. 

CAKINET. 

Ourca])inet of [u-eliaMjIogieal and historical curiosities has recei\ ed 
some valuable additiojis, but we are ncnv so pn.'ssed for rtjom. we 
hardly deem it good i)oliey to actively pursue the colleetion of 
such objects, to the exelusion of books and documents, though 
gratefully accepting all oHenHl. 

W. H. AVilliams, of Aitkin, has sent us a splendid specimen of 
stone axe found in that county, and some fijie stalactites from 
Black Hills. J. H. Hanson has also contrilnited some gold quartz 
from tlie same region, and l^enj. S. Hrodbelt, a valuable specimen 
of gold quartz from Montana. Hon. d. H. B;dver contributes a 
copper bracelet, a pre-historic relic, fi'^ ni the nortli shore of Lake 
Superior. Mr. J. H. Thurston, confederate scrip, flint arrowheads, 
etc. J. F. Williams donates an immense Bulfalo Skull, found by 
bim at AVhite ]'^:a-th, which must have belonged to one ol' the 
largest patriarchs of those herds which once roamed over most of our 
State. Clement Beaulicu, Jr. contrilnites a stuffed fawn's head, 
which is thouglit to be a sort of medicine charm in tlie Ojibwa 
nation ; and IVuni Charles Beanlieu, we have received one of the 
curious mocaxl's of maple sugar, made by that i)eople. Bev. 
Ignatius Tomazin. late of AVhite Earth, has contributed a beautiful 
and curiously ornamented Indian pipe. We have also received 
from the late Allan Morrison, of AVhite Earth, a cane once owned 
by Alex. Henry, the celebrated explorer of the northwest, made by 
him while a prisoner among the Ojibwas after the conspiracy 
of Pontiac, in ll^V,]. Henry was grandfather of Hon. Norman 
W. Kittson, the well known pioneer of this stale. He gave 
the cane, after carrying it some years, to the late AVm. Mon-ison, 
and he in turn gave it to Allan Morrison, who a short time before 
his death sent it to us. The Academy of Natioiud Sciences of 
Ottowa, 111, L). S. E])ersol, Esq. Brest., through S. S. ]\lcKenui'y, 
Esq., of this State contributed a cast of a snudl cannoji used by 
Tonti, one of th(^ «\n-ly explorers of the west, in 1083-4. 

ARCIIAKOLOGY. 

We have also received from !>. ^^i. Ivaudall. of St. Peter, two of 
the largest pre-lti^tnric stone iiui)ltnn(U)ts ever found in this couul ry, 
and which are more than usuall}' interesting. Tiny are inuneusc 
stojie hammers, shaped out of granite boulders, each weighing 



lirSToUlCAI. .--UCIKTV. 



9 



some 50 or 0<> lbs. 'V\\ry wn-i.' ijotli round in the viciiiity of St. 
Peter, one on the surfiue, an<1 the other lour Icrt un(h'i-<rj-ouu(h It 
was at first somewhat of a pu//.h' wluit such ixjmlerous liamniers 
could have been used lor, as they are too lieavy to use l)y hand. 
Their sliape, apix'aranee, kc. indiiale tlnit tliey liad l^een used in 
some sort of a iVaine. It is eonjeetured that tliey were fastened in 
an cLastlc beam or pole, resting- on a fuU-.rum, and >o arranj^ed that 
a slight pressure of the hand would oselllate them, and that they 
were thus used for ]}ulveri'/ing corn on a Dat or hollow roek. This 
theory is the most plausible tlnit can be advanced, and is un- 
doul)tedly tlie correct one, more especially as une of the Inimn^ei's 
Avas found ver^' near a flat or hollow rock, such as deseribed, and 
bearing- marks evidently made by such usage. 

Tlie )'apid settlement of our state, and the tui'ning u}) of its soil 
in vai-ious places, is developing quite a number of these pre-hisS li,; 
remains, both of copper and stone, a few of which are from time to 
time finding their way into our cabinet, until we are beginning to 
have a very respectable collection. If our friends into whose pos- 
session such specimens nuiy come, or who may find them in the 
hands of othei's, will aid us in securing them, we will in a sliort 
time possess a cabinet which will very well illustrate the Archaeo- 
logy of Minnesota. We are in reeeijjf of letters from time to 
time, from other parts of the United States, a]id also frcnn 
Europe, making inquiry I'cgarding i)re-historic remains found 
in this state, and it is our intention, as soon as we can do so, to 
prepare and publish a monograph containing all the information 
on that suhject which we are able to procure, and to illustrate it 
with suitable engravings. 

lilXDIXG, — PEIUODICAL LITKRATURE, .IC, 

During the year we have made as diligent ])rogress as we could, 
in binding our files of neAvsi)apers, and a number of nniga/.ines, 
documents, .sets of pami)hlets, N;c. They are thus with com})ara- 
tivel}' snudl outlay, rendered available for reference and use. This 
has added many valuable works to our shelves. Complete sets of 
H.ai"i)ers ^Magazine, Atlantic. Monthly, kc. were secured in that 
manner. So many works accumulate in libraries which require 
binding, it is always a considerable source of lil>raiy exi)ense. We 
have avoided it, as far as i)ossible heretofore, ])y purchasing these 
pei'iodieals ami serials in sets, already bound. Ijut this deiu-ives us 
of the use of the current nunibei s. The only nuiga/.ines we have 
taken regularly the })ast year are such as cauie directly within our 
scope, as works of reterence, viz : 



10 



AXXUAL KKl'OUT. 



}Vii)i.>ylv;inia .Ma^ra/ino of Ui-torv and I)io:4'ra]>liy. quarterly, i>->ueil by tlie 
Historic ill Socifiy of l^'llllsylvilllia. 

Misiclliinoa ( it^iicaloLriai i*l il- r.'.ldica. <^Ml:ft>.l ]>y .Tosoj)!) Jaik>oii Howaid, 
LL. D., IjOmloii. liiij^'-laiid, niontlilv. 

Now Knirlaii'l Hist'iriial aii'l < Jfiwalocriml IN-iri^tfr. 'iiuirterly, issiu'd by llie 
Now 1'ln^lainl Historic ' M'lifalo'jjncal Soi.-ii'ty, Jjostoii. 

'J'lic Liluary .lomnal. inontiily. Nt-w Vork. 

New Vt'ik "( M*nfaIoi,'-i, al and IJiouTapliicil lu';j:I<t(.'r, issued by the New York 
Geuealoirical and IJiooraphical Society. (|uartt,'rly. 
Anieiiean Ma^Mzine of History, monthly, New Vork. 

. The first tliree uf tliose are tlie froiierous gift of llio jniMishers. 

We have now oonipleto. oi- a})pr()Xiiiiately complete, sets of some 
of the leading jx'riodicals and reviews of this country and Enirland. 
The Gentleman's Maga/ine. Kdinhurg Heview, Blackwood's ]Maga- 
zine, North American Ju^view, Xiles Kegister, Harper and Atlantic. 
N. E. Historical and ricnealogical Register, Hunt's Merchants' 
Magazine, Historical Magazine. Notes and (Queries, Missionary 
Herald, ^K:c.. are among the most iiii] - jtant of them. Fragmentary 
sets of others are on hand, wliich we are completing as rapidly as 
possible. This department of our works forms a library in itself. 

These thousand or more volumes embrace exhaustive treatises, 
\>y the ablest writers, specialists in most cases, on almost every con- 
ceivable to])ic of history, social science, literature, philosophy, bio- 
graphy and theolog}'. AA'ith the new edition of Poole's Index to 
Periodical Literature, which will be issued in a few months — a key 
to these treasures of liteni4:ure — this department of our library must 
acquire a hitherto intangible value. We respectfully" request our 
patrons who may have volumes or even odd numbers of magazines, 
to donate them to us. 

PATKNTS. 

We continue to receive the monthly volumes of specifications of 
the U. S. Patent OtHce, and also the Patent Ollice Gazette, weekly. 
These woi'ks are now more consulted than ever. A\ e have also 
been fortunate enough to secui'e, during the past year, the al)ridged 
specitications of the Patent Office of Great Britain, in 95 volume-s 
classihed. These, taken in cnunoction with our American Specifi- 
cations, form a truly valuable liljraiyon the subject, for i)ro^■es^ional 
and mechanical reference. The great impetus given to manuiac- 
turing. and labor-saving inventions the p:ist few years, and the 
growing ingenuity of our j»eoi)le in adding to their numbrr, 
demands, that every attainable aid be furnished by our library to 
the advance of mechanical genius in our communiiy. 



IlISTUinCAL SOCIKTV. 



11 



XKWSl'AI'KHS. 

During the year. 72 liouiid volumes ol' iiowspa})ers were added to 
our colU'ction. and \vt' liavc aji equal nuinl)er wliirh still need bijid- 
ing. AVe liavc now ovrr floo bound volumes of newsjjapcr.s, of 
wliieh 4S0 are ]^iinnesota pullers. These are puljli.^lied in six difler- 
ent liinguagcs. and extend IVoni 1S4'.> to the present date. 

Our eilbrts have ju)t. Iiowcvt-r. l)een altogether confiju-d to the 
colleetion ot ^[innesota journals. Dilige nt ettbrts have been nnido 
hy our librariaji to secure files of Dlaek Hills papers. We were not 
able to obtain the regular issues of the publishers, but have ]ii'o- 
cured coi)ies from otiiers. who received them. are greatly 

indebted to Col. Lounsl>erry, of Bisniark. and Louis Fisher, 
Capt. K. Dlakeley. and others, f>f St Paul, for favors of this natui-e. 
Probald}- these files of the pai)ers referred to are the only ones 
whicli have been i)reserved, and the early history of that locality 
will eventually have to be coni])iled large!}' fVoui the pripers Ave have 
collected. 

In our last report we adverted at soiU(! length to the value of our 
newspaper collection, and tlie }jaius we are taking to reiuler it com- 
plete, ^so eiibrt has been omitted to this eiid. Still, there are 
several State papers which we have not secui-ed, although we have 
made eJibi-t to do so. If therefore, some one in future who nuiy 
wish to examine one of these tiles, fails to find it in our collection, 
we cannot be justly censured 'for its absence, as our wish and 
endeavor has been to make the series complete, in which we have 
nearly suececded. We need not refer to the value for historical 
reference, of our neM'spajier collection. It must always l)e the 
great treasury f(M' the facts r<'lating to the history of our State. The 
collection we have is so nearly com^dete, that its value is very great. 
Indeed, it is utterly irreplacable, at any cost, and its i)reservation, 
as the most valuable portion of our libraiT. is oju' reasoji vrhy we 
are so de-irous of securing a tire-})roof building, whei'e this unique 
collection of the journalistic history of our State, v/ill be safe 
beyoiul ])eradventure. iVoui the dest i iu-t ion wliieh juay at any mo- 
ment overtake it in the i)resent inllammable and unsafe structure, 
or in any structure not built wirli es[)ec ial i-eference to security. 

Recognising the value and future usefuliu'ss of our iu'wsi)aper 
dei):n'tmeut, our members and pati'ous should feel it their duty to 
extend it in every way. A\ iiile nuiny of theui are not able to nuike 
us costly and valualde git'ls, there is not oi'.e. wlio. by pi-eserving 
files of littu-ary, scientilic. religious or political i)apers they may 
]uq)pen to take. ])Ut can thus do us a valuable and ellicient service. 



12 



ANNL'AL KTPOliT. 



AVliile ii can Ooik' \vitli <(> lilUo troiildc. no tui-iiiIm-i" \i-d< a iva- 
soiiablo excuse for not conti-ibiitin^;- this valualjlc iniditioii to our 
stores. 

MATERIALS FOR HISTOliY. 

Not tlie least ii])j)ortaiit part of oiii' woi-k, is tlic collection <»f 
materials, in various shapes, ibr our history. Much of this niateri;-!, 
especially the })re-territorial jieriod. lins never l;oen recordfil. ;in<.l 
can only be gained l)y iiiqnirics from owr oldest i)Ionei'rs. These are 
rapidly being gatliei'cd by the ''great reaper," and \vhatever is done 
in this direction, ought to be done at once, for witli each of tlwse 
aged inoneers who drt)])s into the grave, pei'ishes more or less of the 
u]iwritten history of our State. Our secn^tary has. so far as he was 
able, secured this material from time to time. But the details of 
library work, in our ]iow l;n\ge coIIlv-cI^jIi. cataloguing, and .attend- 
ing to the wants of the public who resort to it. leaves him little 
time for writing, and little opi)ortunity of collecting anything 
away from home. 

Last May, pursuant to instructions from the Executive Council, 
he repaired to AVhite Earth Reservation, and spent some days con- 
versing with ex-traders and other ])ioneers there, among them Allan 
Morrison, John II. Fairbanks, Clement H. Beaulieii, etc.. and com- 
mitted to writing minute accounts of the earl}' da^'s in Northern ]\Iin- 
nesota, and the history of the Ojibwa nation, amounting to about a 
hundred pages of MS. Since his visit there, (in Nov. 1ST7.) Allan 
' Morrison departed this life, aged 73 years. He was, at his death, 
undoubtedl}' the oldest white settler in ]\Iinm*sota. having entered 
it in 1820. His elder bi-other, AVilliam Morrison, (ibr whom Mor- 
rison county is ]uimed.) preceeded him some 20 years. He 
(William) was nndou1:)tedh' the real discoverer of Itasca Lake, in 
1804, an honor subsequently claimed by Schoolcratt. 

As soon as he can complete the elaborate and full catalogue now 
in hand, our secretary designs to write uj) for ])ublication in our 
collections, which we intend to continue from time to time, the 
material obtained by him at White Earth and elsewlieiv. 

For a statement of the expenditures by the Society during the 
fiscal year of the State, Dee. 1, 1S70, to Dec. 1, lvS77, referoice is 
nuide to the rei)ort of the State Auditor. 



irisTOKicAi. S()Cii:ty. 



13 



OUR XKKl) UF A PKHMANKXT BUILDING. 

Allusion v.-as 'niaile in our lasi iinnuul report to the growing 
need of more room, or more proj^erly spr'aking of Tuore secure and 
suitable room. Our present space is iar too cramped noiv for our 
proper use, and it is besides unhealthy, illy lighted and ventilated, 
inconvenient, and unsuitable for the storage of books. In view of 
the present rapid growth of our collection, what we are to do for 
room i]i the future, we are unable to see. There is but one proper 
and wise course left for us, and thai i.^, fo secure, as soon as possible, 
ahuililinff for our special use, which shall be safe and commodious. 

We believe that the time has now come when this should be pro- 
vided, and that we can no longer defer the duty of taking some 
active and determined steps for securing such a building. In ad- 
dition to the fact that we imperatively need moi'e room, tJie safety 
of our collect (0)1 is a matter of far ni'-»^-^' imi)ortance. It is true, Ave 
have a good insurance on our library, etc, and in the event of its 
destruction by fire most of the pi'inted books could be replaced, in 
time; hut the most cat uable pari of it is utterahhj irreplacahle, at 
any cost. We refer to our COO volumes of Minnesota iiewspapei's, 
and Minnesota documents, maps, manuscripts, pictures, etc. Avhich 
record, as no other means can, the liistor}^ of our State and its 
people, and of most of which no other copies are in existence, in 
in any accessible shai)e. 

We are not justitied in any longer risking the destruction of 
these precious archives, and Ave again bring this subject to the at- 
tention of the Legislature, and earnestly ask that some provision 
may be made for sup])lying us with lire pro(f hiiihlin'j. The de- 
truction of our valuable lil)rary aiul museum Avould entail a loss which 
though deplorable noAv, Avould, as yeai-s i-oll on, be simply incalcula- 
ble, and the folly Avhich risked such a collection of documents in 
an inflammable structure one moment longer than iiecessary, 
Avould be viewed in its true light as an inexcusable blunder ! 

A building such as we should have, would cost about 5^^35,000. 
We liave already secured a suitable site, noAv of considerable value, 
and can ]-aise. among the friends of the society, a siuall fund towards 
the proposed erection. The remaining sum necessary, ought, in 
view of the above tacts, to be furuislied us by the State. We therefore 
earn(\<tly a>k the attention of the Legislature to this ju'essing and 
manifest need. 



THK ADVAXTAGKS OF Sl'(;j{ A lU'ILDING. 



Provi(.l(,Ml with siicli ))nildiiig as iliis. of siillicinit cjipaeity to 
acc'OiniiU'ilatc our jn-obaljlc iiicro:i> fo:- souie y«'!irs. our i)r<);^ress 
must be niui li more rjipi<l. Wo could tlieu otFer safe <rii;ir<liaiisl)ii> 
for sucli bil;]ioth<.'oa] treasuj-es as our fViciids aiul patrons may clioijse 
to put in our possession — works and documents of j^rcat l arity. or 
altogether unique, and which that jealous care felt by i)ersons who 
have long hoarded these precious docuinents. ])i')-haps heir 
looms in their family, has and will forl)id to risk in (jur i»resent 
building. Intleed. -we have^ now promises that entire liljraries will 
be given to us as soon as we can safel}' care for" them, as well as 
sets of works on si)ecial subjects, and collections of documents of 
great rarity, also jjictures and historical curiosities. Such a building 
would also become a depository for works of art and curiosities of 
value and interest, which in a short time would become a museum 
and art gallery which would be asu.i.ce of pride to our state and 
of value to the })ublie. who would en joy its free use foivver. Per- 
sons having rarities of literature or ai't, would then feel thiit they 
would be secure in our hands, and become interested in the growth 
of our collection, which with but little outlay to the State, cer- 
tainly not al)urdensome one, would soon become of great value. 

THK PRKSKKVATIOX OF DOCUMENTS OF STATE. 

could, with facilities like this, be properly cared for. It is stated 
as a fact, that none of the older States, aiid perhaps some of those 
more ]-eceutly organized, have a complete set of their own docu- 
ments. The losses by lire, by careless use, by theft, by vermin, by 
mould and damimess. and the many other accidents to which books 
are exposed, before tliey were pro])erly housed and securely cared 
for, have, in the coui'se of years, destro3'ed in some instances every 
copy. By the system of interchanging documents among states 
now in i)ractice. 47 sets of each stafe's doeuuKUits are su]>j)Osed to 
be i)reserved in diifei-ent libraries. Ibit of these, hov.' many, in any 
comi)leteness, will lie in existence a century henee. to say nothing 
of two or tliree centuries ? The hazards of iii-e and w atei-. w.w and 
riots, ami other losses, Avill reduce them inaterially. Indeed, in 
view oftlu^ ex|»erience of other states, will Minnesota possess a eom- 
l)lete set of it^ own documents, in a.nothci- century, without a safe 
fire prool' building to secure them in. and the special care with 
which we guard such mem<!rials ? 

It is to i)revent >uch total hxs ami destruction of matei'ials for 
history, and to gather them into safe depositoi'ies. convenient for 



J!IS1«)];ICA 1. S'KIKTY. 



T7 



reference, that historicjil social ]i;ive heeii oi-;;:iiii/.i.'d in 4"2 stntcs 
iind territories of our union, wirli the .sijeoial object of securing iind 
preserving these memorials. Tlnit they h.ive been reasonalily suc- 
cessful, is showji l>y the fact that I'lU-y iiave collected 482.0(i(» vol- 
umes. ;>('»S.UO() pamphlets, and sS.771 manuscripts, generally rela- 
ting to the history of America, and hav».' secured ljuildings. lands 
and fun(l> valued at nearly .S2.0'»( i.0( k i. It would he safe to estimate 
the vidue of their libraries aiid museums at uiiotlier million, that 
is, if money is a measure of their value. Showing what has beeu 
accomplished by associated elibrt in i]v.< direction, of persons inter- 
ested in i)reserving the history of our country, or of its various 
localities. How much inay have been lost in some states by not 
having such an organized elibrt, we know not, but the above grati- 
fying figures show how much lias been preserved which would 
otherwise have been lost. 

THE PRESERVATIOX UF CL\i;L,EXT HISTORY, 

wdiich is the main work of historical societies, is at the same time 
one of the most important of their features. Much of the 
materials for history are in the most perishable shape — iiewspapers, 
pamphlets, manuscripts, documents, even political hand bills, cir- 
culars and cards. The tendency of all these is swift destruction, and 
in a few days or a few miniths alter their issue they almost totally 
disai)pcar. Jfence the necessity of securing them at once. 

The tendency of the times is to sneer at and umlerrate everything 
new. Hence the una})preciated records of to-day are passed by and 
lost, while those of the past are eagerly sought after. It has been 
truly said that Ave build monuments to the memory of the pro- 
phets whom our fathers stoned, while with ecjual sliorLsight(.Hljiess, 
we stone the })rophets of to-day." And a\ e cannot tell wluit apjjar- 
ently wortliless and unnoticed waif of to-day. nmy in a few years 
have an unsuspected value and rarity. Ifow \v(> prize and vt-nerate 
the ne\vsi)jq)ers of the revolutionary period, now dingy with age, 
and tattered. A century hence will not oui- descendants study Avitli 
equal ])leasure and veneration the journals of to-day. which ^\■e con- 
tem})tuously cast aside, as soon as read? 

l^rominent among the objects of collection should be materia] for 
the p' rsotiaf history of onr i)eople. This is now becoiuing in our 
country, an oi)ject of more interest than ever, and its value is nn)ro 
genei'a]]}' fidt than at any previous time, l^specially may this be 
said of the pioneers of our State. 'J'heii' rapid disiippcarance as a 
class, ha^ juade unusual demamls upon us for l)iograi)hieiil material, 



IG 



ANNI AL KtTOKT. 



wliicli, it liaviiiLr Iji.tji om*' of our specialties, we arc usually Me to 
ai)i)ly. lint wIh-h. a criitiirj hence, the iiieii of that perirxl seek 
ineiiiorials ol' tliosc o[ t<)-<lay, it is to our society they will uiiturally 
supply. In a)ili(;ii):iti(>n nf these possiMe wants of the future, we 
liave undcavuicd to proi uro and preserve those nw-niorials. The 
groat and <,nowin.c: interest felt in genealogical pursuits in this 
country, inaking tli.' old ivcords of a century ago of precious value 
— making even an old census list or a tattered poll list a prized 
rcdic — ^vanls us to ])rescrve now, crrri/l/iint/ whiclj can record for 
those of coming gcnci ati(ms, the jia:aes at least, and as much more 
as is possible, of the i)iojieei-s of Minn<'sola and its various parts. 

OL K WOIHv— ITS Kl irUK. 

It willtlius he seen tliat the field Nve a)*'* designed to occupy is an 
extensive one, and is constantly growing in scope and usefulness. 
Tlio work laid on us is l)road ami important, more so even than the 
founders of our society could have anticipated. It may be truth- 
fully said of them that they huilded hotter than they knew. A 
work lias been given us to ))eribrm of far reaching u.sefulness — »->ne 
which we have Ix'on and even yet are. unjirepared, ."^o far an means 
are concerued, to properly perform, though every day has addi-d to 
our facilities and advantages. That work was originally divided 
into three general divisions. 1. Collection. 2. Preservation. 3. Pul>- 
licatiou, of materials for the history of !Min)iesota. In each of these 
departments we have l)e<.'n successful to a gratitying degree, even 
with our insullieient means. AVe hope soon, especially in a secure 
building, to obtain endowments and becpiests, and to nreive gifts 
of special funds. Some have l)oen promised us, aud^they will pro- 
bably be available eve lojig. 

It needs time also, as well as means, to symmetri/e and \>vi '- ' 
work such as we are engaged in. To build up a library of any 
value and completenos-. cannot be done in a day. .--(i to s|)eak, even 
with ample revenue. Noi- can our other departments of work 1h3 
thoroughly oi-gani/.t.Ml and complelcd, without paiient labor and 
carefully laid plans, extending thr»)ugii years. Hut we are now 
gathering the harvest ol'the.se years of labor and care, and Jiccepting 
our present gratifying condiiion as an indication of still more >uc- 
cess to cro^v]l our wi^l^'^ in the fuiure, we hopefully suhn • 
report. 



iriSTOKlCAL SOCIKTY. 



17 



APPENDXX A. 



LIST OF DONORS. 

FllO-M IXDIVIDUALS. 

Boiuid Vols, rainplilt'ts. 

Allon, Zficluiriali, l^rovi'lonce, K. 1 1 

Aiidrows, C. C, Stf.ckholiii, Swod.'n 2 

Heckfv. (.u\>. L., Sh Tim] 1 

Baker, Lion. J. H., Si. Paul 1 

Brooks, liev. J.. Miimenjioli.s 1 

Burt. Ikivid. Su])t. i'nl). Instniclion ,3 

Bradl.'e. llev. C. D., lin^tou 1 3 

Burke, Tlios. S.. New Yorle 1 

I5url)ank, II. C, St. Paul 1 

Cherrv, P. P.. \Va.l>\vortli, 1 

Cmiipi.rll, W. .M., St. Paul 1 

ColeiDan, IJev. Lvniiii;. l'n4oii, Pa 20 

Childs, ]']. ().. X'-vl'ui. jhi>s 1 

Creiolitou. Pev. .1. P., Maidcato 1 

Dol'evster, .1. \V.. Tivoli, N.Y 1 

f)rak.', ik P.. St. I\iul 10 

PIktm.1. D. S., OttaAva, 111 2 

F:irh-v..ilh, i;. P.. St. Paul 1 

Pa>Mis. ^\;,a.. St. Paul 1 

Pr'Miilcni'ciL'li, Geo. A., Alexai)dria, Miui) v, 1 

(Harrison, W. P., ^^'^v York 1 

(lre( 11, l)r. Samuel A.. };">l()u 2 P2tj 

(^oodrieli, Aaron, St. Paul 1 

Gillillan. Kev. .PA 1 

Guild. I'll;!.. H., Ka>t SiMiv.rville', Mass 1 

Hart, {"li.iil. s ll.'iuv, l'lnlad.'l|>l,ia 1 

Howard, .lo>rj,], .1.. ]J..J)., Pondon, Pn-laud 12 

Hill, .Piin.'s .1., St. Paid 3 

liouuli, Dr. P. P., Pov.xiile, i\.Y 1 

llarri-on, ( leo. L,, ]'a 1 

Hard iV llouolitoii, Bo.^ton 5 

Hamilton, (i. A., St. Paul 1 31 

Herriek. X. .T., Pawreiiee, ;^[ass 1 

.larvis r»r. Pdward, P(H-lie>t.'r, Ma.vs 1 

Kellv. (». IP. P(.ui vlllr. Kv 1 

Kelly, \Vui. IP. do. ■ 1 

Kniekt'rlia. ker. Pcv. D. P.. M iiiiiea[M)lis • 1 

J/ithrop. Kev. II. ( 'l.Mi watrr. .Miju) 6 

Pauuridi-e. W . Ik. Inv.a 2 

.Marshall. \Vm. hk. Si. J'aul 2 

Meeker, -P P., S(. Pouis, Mo 1 

q 



18 



M.-nill, D. I)., St. 

McMillan, lion. J. l;.. SI. Paul 

M(C'lure, fJ.-o. C, St. I'.i'i! 

Mc-Allistor. John A.. i'liiJa.lclplua 

Mead. Frank .1. Mnincaiiolis 

Kcill, liev. K, D.. Minneapolis 

Palmer, K. C..y>t. Panl. 

Pierson, John S., Now York 

PaiTV, II. K., Phila.l.'lj.liia 

Ponil, J. P., St. Paul 

Ranis:cy. Hon. Alex., St. Paul 

Uollins, .lolin P., Lawrence. Mass 

Seliaif, J. 'J'homas. Paltiiuoro 

Shaw, Hon. Jas., Ill 

Smith, C!en. J. C, Chi( a-o 

Stewart, Hon. J. H., Con.irress 

SnnK'ker, Isaac, Newark, 

Stud.lart. I. F. A.. St. Paul 

Stronrr. Kev. .1. ^V.. yorthlicl-l. Minn 

Stei.h<^-is, "\V. Hua.son. I.owvillc. X. Y 

Tlnausini. I'et'.T Cincinnati, O 

To'lil, Inin^'', Ha^tin;^-.^. Minn 

Tuttle, Pr-v.'.l. F.. ( 'rawford.^^x-ille, Lid 

Trnijner, X., Lriudoii 

Tliomas, Prof. AV. IL P.. Trenton, X. .T 

Upham. H. P., St. I'aul 

AVhilnian. Allen. St. Paul 

AVilkeso)!. Saniud. Xew York 

Vwlllams. J. Fletdier. St. Paul 

^Villliinison, Lev. T.-S.. St. IVter 

AViLon, W. L.. St. Paul 

Wiiry cV Sons, X. w \i>vk 

Y'oung, ]:idward, "\Ya.-liiiig-ton 



FKO.Nf SO(MKTn:s A-Nl) IN-STITX TK^N 

ADiorican Conare-rational Association, Boston 

Academif^ Koyale Cu- Pojionha^^-en 

American Anta|ua/;.iti Society, AVorcester. Ma.■^s 

Astor Library, New \'ork 

ThovNii Universify, Provid'-iicc, P. 1 

JUireau of Statistic-. Stockholm 

})0>toii Pn1)lic Lilirarv 

Col.den Clul., Lnnd -ii ■ 

Commissioner ol' Pa{.>nts, U. S 

Commissione:s of Patents. Great Britain 

I)e]>ar!mcnt ot Interior. Washington 

Fn^inccix I iciianm.'Ul. P. S. A., Wa>hiu-(i)n 

IX-i'X lii>ti( lit". Salfii). Ma>-- .... 

Free Pul.li(> Lil.rars. W. .;v(-tri-. ,Ma<s 

First Parish Lil..ar\. 1 ).a-, li.'st.a-. Mass 

Humane Social v. Poslou 

Jlarvard CoUe-:' 

Historical Society ■<[' I "c'l 'd' Iphi.i 

Kansas Historical ^ ' ,y 

Leeds Pliilosophieal a id Literary Society, L"eds. I-jii;-. . . 

Lihrary Comi«any, 1 'iiilad. i])!iia ." ' 

Massachusetis l!i>ti)rical Sociciy 

Massachusetts ilurriciillural Soeiety . . . 

Montana Histoi'ical Society \ 

■Mercantile Li!>!\u-y A>sociation, San Francisco 

I^Iercantilo Library Association, Xow York 



nrSTOKICAL SOCIKTY. 19 

Mtiryland Hi.-torioal Society 1 

New Kntrlaiitl Historic-* n-'noalo^jical Society 1 

New Jersey IH-t'irieal .Soeiety \ 1 

New Haven IIi?4tonral Soeiety 2 

Uliio nislorieal aiul Pliilosttpliieal Soeiety 8 

()bcrlau.>itsischoii ( iesellselial't der l'"in"jiseliafteii ( loi lit/.. 3 

l'eal)0(ly ^^uselnll of An luielouy and i-!tlii)liii'L;'y 1 

Feabody ! institute, P);i!tiiiiore 1 

Pionoer Soeit'tv ot" .Mielii^-an 1 

l^hode IslaJid 'lli.toneal Society 

Societe lloliaiidaixs de.s Sciences, Haari-an 4 

Tasmania, Colony of 1 

University of .Minnesota 1 

Verems fur Kunst and Altertlnim. Uhn 1 

Vermont Hi-toncal Society 10 

Wisconsin Historical Society OS .Vi 

Worci'ster Society of Anti'jnity 1 

Yale College ' 4 

Young Men's Mercantile r,ibrary, Cincinnati 1 



« 



20 



AKXUAL REPORT. 



APPENDIX B. 



BOOKS rUKCilASEl). 



BIOGKAPllY A^"l) GENEALOCY. 

Memoir of John Qm'iiev A -laiiis. 8vo. T^A^fon. 1858 Josiah Quincy. 

EulojL^ies on A(l;un.< iiiid .li'tlVrs")!!. '^vo. iiiii-tiurd, 1S"J6. 

jNIcMiioIrs of Aaron Bmv. 2 vuls, Svo. Xe^v York, lS'.7. . . .Mathcw Ij. I'avi-;. 

lat'f of Ht'urv Clav. 2 vols. .Svo. New York, l^ Jj; Calvin C'ollon. 

Life of iJe \Vitt L lintoii. Svo. New York, ls4y AVm. W. CamplM'll. 

life and Timt'.-^ of Jkmij. rraiikliu. 2 vols. 8vo. Bo;-ton, 1 ^'34. .James I^irlon, 

Memoir of Chciplain FiiU.>r., .Vc. Svo. Ho.-^ton, iSG-f .K. F. Fnlk.T. 

Life of Gen. Nath'l ( Jreene. 2 vols. 8vo. New Yoi-l: Geo. W. Greene. 

Life of ^Y. U. llan won. 8vo. Cinr-innati. 1^24 Moses Dawson, 

Life of TlK'nias Ji if.'i-.son. ;> vols. Svo, N'^v Y'ork. ISOs H. S. Ivniulall. 

Lile of Tlutiuas .1> acrson. 8vo Bo-'^^n. ]s,:, ,Ia<. Parlon. 

Liie of 44]0nia,s .Icil'.a-von. 12nio. l'ln]a'l('l}>lua, 1876 Tho>. J. Davis. 

Life of Gen. ka1a> (.'itc. I'-'nio. London, ]^'*.i>. 
Sermons on D^ ath of Altv. Lincoln. 4vo. Boston, 1SG5. 
Obsequies of AbiMiiam Lincoln in New York. Svo. NfW York, L865. 
Poetical Tribuli's to lancoln. 8vo. Philadelphia, 

Life of Alaahani Linrobi. Svo. Boston, L^T2 W. H.' Lamon. 

1/ife of Francis Miuion,. 8vo. New York, 1>^4J- \V. G. Sininis. 

Ijife of John A. nuiunan. Svo. New York, ISfJO J . F. H. (duil)nrn.\ 

Life of John KandMlib. of L'r.anoke. Svo. .\'cw Yor//. ls.")(). . . .11. A. (buLind. 

Life of doseph lo rd. 2 vols. Svo. Pliilad.-lpbia, 1^47 \Ym. B. Hoed. 

Life of Wm. 11. Srv-ard. 8vo. Albanv, \^i''> Gharles Frant:is Adams. 

Life ol" Hon. Iv. W. Ta■/^.^^vlL Svo. Norfolk, l^r.o iL 13. Gi-iii-sby. 

Thorcau, Liv Poet N.ihualist, Pinio. Boston. IST;) \Vni. E. Channin^-. 

i^rivatt' Life of 1 )aiFl W'rbster. Svo. New "i'ork. iSo:; Gharles Lannian. 

Life of r)a.niol ^^^'ilsl('l•. 2 vols. Svo. Boston. isTO Geo. ^J'. Gurtis. 

Life of Geo. \\ a-hiuL;ton. 2 vols. Svo, Phikidelphia. lS;vL . ..loim ^larshall. 
Annals of the American Pnlpit. o vols. Svo. New York. 18o':i. 

\\'m. B. Spra^nt\ 

Genealogical Bei^dster, t^c. Svo. l^oston. isol) Abner .Moi.-e. 

THE CTVH. WAli. 

History of the Civil War in Amei'ica. 2 vols. Svo. New York. 

JohnS, C. Abbott. 

Ihicluman's Administration, iVc. Svo. New ^'ork. L'^H'! .-\non. 

Li^dif and b>aik of the h'cbollion. Svo. Fhiladfljihia. lst;:{. 

Jioyal I'ublicatioa Socioty Tracts. Svo. New "^'oik. l^dL 

Cave Tafe in \ ickslnu'f^'-. P2mo. New York. L^tld. 

Annals of the A rmy of the Gnmbrrl.ind. ^vo. I'hiladclphia. 1^'<).">. 

i\lr. Dunn Browne's B.Kperiences in the Army. 12mo. iioston, l8t)G ...Anon, 



HiSToKicAL socnn V. 21 

Lcwves from a Trooper?; Diary, Vlnin. I'hihuU'rphiii. 18G9. 
Uod Tap«' and l*i<^<'OU lIohM ieii'Tals. Svo. New York. 

Kit hinond Durinj,'- the War. Il'uio. Xcw York. 1>»)7 Anon. 



Synopsis of the Auunicau War. 12mo. I, m. isiii; J. 1;. Ixilme. 

'J'he I'eniiisuhir rampaign ami it> AiitfceJi'Uts. ^vo. Xew York. l^^^L 

J. (.y. l^arnard. 

Is l)avis a Traitor. 8vo. Baltimore. ISOG Albert T. J»K'ilsoe. 

History of tlie Navy duriu;; the liebeUion. Svo, New York. l^tlT. 

C. B. Jioynton. I.). D. 

Sheniian's Historical Raid. Svo. Cincinnati. IsTo 11. \'. Boynton. 

Speeches of .lohn Bright on the American (^^J'-'^ti'^'i- ."^vo. Boston. 1^00. 
Lights and ShadoNv.s of the Ureal lichellion. Svo. Philadelphia. iMi'). 

L. P. Brockett. 

Woman's ^Vork ill the CiWl War. Svo. r'ii: el Iphia. 18G7..L. P. Brockett. 

Four Years in Secos^ia. Svo. Hartford. ISCo. .' Jnnius H. Browne. 

War Lvric.s and Other Poems, lilmo. Boston, IStiO H. H. Brownell. 

Lil.l>y Life. Svo. Philadelpkia, lsi>) Lt. Col. F. F. Cavada. 

Following the Flag. Army of the Potomac. 12vo. Boston, Isoo. .C. C. Cotiin. 

Debates of the J *eace Conference. Svo. New York, ISGG L. K. Ciiittenden. 

Crimes of the Civil War, Ftc. Smo. Baltimore, l^OS H. Ch-.y Dean. 

Reminiscences of Forts Sumpter and ^roullrie. l'2.mo. New ^'ork, l>7b. 

A. Doubleday. 

History of the American Civil ^Yar. o vols, Svo. New York, l^oT-70. 

J. W. Draper. 

Shelby and His ]\lpn. Svo. Cincinnati. F^GT John N. Edwards. 

Diary of an Army Surgeon, '^vo. New Ycu k, ISi',;) Thomas T. Kllis. 

Heroes of the War fur tiio Fniw)i. Svo. I'incinnati, IStil.. Rev. W V . Ferree. 

The Story of ttie iiiiard. S^•o. IJo-ten, IStj:! Mrs. ,le-.^i': B. Fr-'iuont. 

Uprising of a Great People. 12i]i(). New "h'ork. F'Gl Count do i i;;-;]\irina. 

Four Yea)-s in the Saddle. Svo. New York, F'tjG (Jol. MaviT (.iilmore. 

The Capture, Frisian Pen an 1 Esca]»e. Smo. New York, . W. \\'. (ilazier. 

Three Years in the Federal Cavalry. Svo. Nt;\v York, ISTG.Capt. \\'. C lazier. 

Journal of Army Life. Svo. Saii l'ra::''i-'->. 1>T4 R. Clisan. 

Jjife in the Army. Svo. Philadel;Miia, l^iiG Rev. J . Chandler (h-egg. 

The Story ol a R»'giment (Gth U. i Svo. (.'inciniiati, ISGS F. liaimaford. 

Prison Life in lliLj.mond. Svo. Pljiladeli)lua , l^h'I Lt. Wiii. U. Hams. 

Our 15oys— lAp:'drnces in the Aiuiy. Svo. Phihul-'lphia, ISlU A.F.Hill. 

Hibtoiy of the Stnenty-Tliird Ohio \'oluiiti^er hdanlry. Svo. Chilli'.otlie, 1S7G. 

Samuel H. Hui-st. 

Rebel hivasion of Maryland and Pemisylvania. F2vo. Philadelphia. I'^GG. 

M. .Licobs. 

RehelWar Clerk's Diary. 2 vols. Svo. Philadeli-hia, ISGG T.B.Jones. 

Down in T.'iair>s,H\ Etc. Svo. ijoston, ISGo Fdmuud Kirke. 

Among the ['iiios. Svo. New YoiL', isOo ■- E imniul Ivii-ke. 

On the 15order. Svo. Boston, lsG7 lAlmund Kirke. 

History of tlie PWth Penn^ylvama Regiment. 12mo. Norri.-town. l^iu;. 

0. Lewis. 

American F.astlle. Illegal An\-sts. Etc. Svo. I'hiladelpliia, Isi;;). 

John A. Marshall. 

Kil)ialn(k anil (.>ur Cavalry. ]2ino. New York. l^G.") h!in'-< Moore. 

Five Yeais iu T. \as. Svo. Cincinnati. ]S7] Tlio!a..i< North. 

The First Year of tlie Wav. Svo. Kirliniond. 1^G2 E. A. Pollard. 

Southern HiMor\ ot the War. 2 voF. Svo. New York, l^OG. ..E. A. Pollard. 
History of the l'ii>t New Jersey f'av.ihy. Svo. 'J'lvnton, N. J., ls71. 

}Ienry R. Pyne. 

Campaigns ol' Pt. Cen. N. B. Forrest. Svo. Cinciimali, 18GS. Jordan iV Pryor. 

Military History vf AVisconsin. Svo. ChicaL'-o. l^VG E. B. Ouiiier. 

Keel and S-uMli;; Forlv Years Militarv and Naval Service. Svo Bo-ion. l^T), 

. J. W. R.'vere. 

History of the Civil Wai in the F. S. Svo. I'liiladcli-hia, ISC..'). 

S, y\. Sv l. mucker. 
]listory of Massachu.-e'ds in tla" Civil W-dv. 2. vols, Svo. Bo>iMn. 

Wni. Schouler. 

Chronicles ol" the Creat Rebellion. Svo. Cincinnati, ISGS.Rev. Allen .M. Scott. 



4 



22 



AXKUAL KEPOKT. 



Mortjaii and His Captors, ^vo. Cincinnati, 18G'» Hov. F. Seymour. 

Personal Jioi-oliections of l)i^tin^^■lli?^l^':'»l Generals. l2nio. Xt'w York, 

W. 'J\ (i. f!^lumk<. 

History of the '20th Connectinit Yolun*^''^-!---. I'Jino. Now Hnven. l>H<i. 

\V. D. Sheldon. 

Lectim's on Slaver}-. ]*?nio. Xaslivilh-, lSo6 Wni. A. Smith. D. l>. 

Jjcave.s from tht; Battletickl of ( !ettv»bur(,'. nvo. IMiilii'lflphia, 

Mrs. K j\. Sou.ler. 

A Narrative of Ajidrrsonville. 8vo. New York, ISOi; Ambrose Si- iic-f-r. 

Histoj-y of the -'vnl Iowa hifantrv. 8vo. Des.Moincs, isGO K. F. Si'vrrv. 

Cam]), March and Hattl.'lield. 8vo. IMiiladelphia, l_^'f,:). . . Rev. A. M. St^-wari. 

The L'ndeivronnd Kailroad. 8vo. Phiiadoljihia, isrJ William >rili. 

Iowa (/ulonels an'l Kei^-hnents. 8vo. DesMoines, iSfjo A. A. SULirt. 

The War with the Soutii. bvo. New Y..i .v Tomes A: Smith. 

The Sonth. Its Hattleli.'ld, Ftc. 8vo. Hartford, 18»;G J. T. Trowhrldi^-e. 

History of the Southern Kebellion. 2 vols. Svo. New York 0. J. Victor. 

Camp,' Fii-ld Prison Lif*'. P2mo. St. Louis, 1870 W. A. \Va>h. 

History of Second lie<4iment Pennsylvania Reserve Corns. 6vo. Phila.. 

K. M. Woodward. 



AMEIilCAX HISTOllY. 



En^dish Colonization of America. 8vo." London, 187^ E. D. NriU. 

Political History of the I'nited States. 2 vols. 8vo. New Haven, hy28. 

Timothy Pipkin. 

History of the United Stat*:'-'. 4 vols. 8vo. I'hiladt^lphia. 1^4-^ James" Grah.un. 
J'ictorial HiMory of tlie United States. Svo. PhiUbi* lii'nia. l^f.i). .C. B. Taylor. 
Pictorial Histtuy of America. 2vols. Svo. Phiiailclphia, John Frost. 

Diary of till' K<:volution. Svo. Hartford. 187o Frank M.x-re. 

History of the Revolution. I'vols. Svo. New Haven. 1^42. .. .Charles Porta. 
History of the American Rcvoiution. 2vols. Svo. Philadelphia, 17^9. 

David Ramsey 

The AYar of 18P2, etc., (Canadian account ,). Svo. Montreal. FSG4:. Wm. F.Corlu. 
History oi" Prince Kd ward's Inland. ]2;iio. Cliarlottetown. l87o. D. Camp:.«ell, 

History of New Knu'iaud. ><vo. Boston. 1^2o, 2 vols. John Winuirop. 

History of the 'J'unians. 2vuls. Svo. New York, 184o Daniel NeaJ. 

Early History of New Hampshire and Vermont. Svo. Claremont, ]8")(). 

Francis Chase. 

The White Hills: Their Le-ends, Etc. Svo. Boston, 1870 T. Starr Kb^-. 

HistoiTof New licdfonl. Ma.ss. Svo. New Bedford, 18o:r D. Rickets -n. 

NewEnyl.md LcL!vnds, Svo. Boston, 1871 H. P. Spori-'rd 

•History of Rhrnl- Inland. 2vols. Svo. New York. 1874 S. G. Arnold. 

Dorr R(4-('Uioii in ITimde Island. 12mo. Providence, 184-1 

Pubhc Records of the (.'olony of Connecticut, 1 0< ')•")- It '^f. 2vols. Svo. Hartford. 

History of (Vmnectii'nt. 2a >>1v. Svo. New Ilavi.ai. ls'>") G. H. H'.">il:ster 

Travels in New Fnyland and New York. 4vols. 8vo. New Haven, 1821-2. 

T. Du-i^'ht. 

Jlistory of LoniT Island. >^\o. New York, 1845 N. S. Prime. 

IManual of tlif City of Xew York. Svo. New York. 187U. 
(Collections of New York Historical Society. Vol. -'i, 2d ser. 
History of the ProN-inee of New York. Svo. Philadelphia. 1792.. Wni. Smith 

Annals of Clas^is of Bergen, N. J. 12om, New York, lS"i7 B, C. Taylor. 

lii^ory of Trmtcii. N. j. Svo. Tn-nton. 1871 John 0. lufjni. 

Hisldiy ol Xc\, .'erscy. 8vo. Camden. 184^ Isaac S. Mulil-rd. 

Che.-?ter <iud its \'iclnily, Delaware (^^o., Pa. Svo. Pliiladelphia. 1^(7. 

J. If. Martiii. 

Memoirs of Historical Society of I'ennsylvania. Vols. 1-2. Svo Philadeli-Viia. 

1>20-::I'>. 

History of ^'orlc County, I'enn. 12mo. York. 1S;H Cart<M- A" ( ;iassbre:i!ier. 

History of Pennsylvania. Svo. Harrisbur<,^ls77 W. l). V./i>^. 

Indian Wars of \Vest J'ennsylvania and Virg-inia. 12mo. Afoany. 1^7t'. 

Jos.-ph Doddrid.-e. 

History of Huntington County, Pa, Svo. Lancaster, ISiG M. S. Lyil','' 



HISTORICAL SOriKTY. 



23 



Onitiou on the I'il^Tim.s of MHryliind. Svu. Gctty-sbur^jr, 1842. 



]{ev. J. McCaffrey. 

llistoi'V of MarvliUicl. etc. Svo. }};iltiuioir. ISH J. iJo/nuin 

Karly History "of M;uyliin<l. 8vo. Daltiiiiuic. IS-Jl T. W. Crithth. 

Tlie Vonii'lors of -MarylaiMl. >^vo. Albany, lb7() E. 1>. Nfill. 

History of Ka.nawlia i'onnly, Va.. ><\o Cliarloston, L^Tb (1. K. Atkinxxi. 

History of Vir;4inia (1747) c^'vo New "^'ork. (reprint) Win. Slifli. 

SketcliV.s of Vir^;inia. Svo. riiiladclpliia. lN">0 lu-v. \\'. H. Fool. 



History of Viroinia. to 1771. Tiino. Pliiliulelplila, IXH) J. H. Canipl..-ll. 

Sketrlies of Western North Carolina. Hvo. lUileij^h. 1877 ('. L. Hunter. 

History of North CaroHna. 2 vols. 8vo. Philailelphia. 1>^12. . II. ^Villialn^on. 

Sketches of North Carolina. Svo. New York, 1840 licv. W-. H. Foote. 



History of Alabama, Ga. and Miss. 2 vols. 8vo. Charleston, 1<^*)1. 

A. J. Pickett. 

History of Texas, rinio. Cincinnati, 18:59 1). 15. Edward. 

History of Texas. 2 vols. 8vo. New York, ISoG 11. Yoaknm. 

Journal of a. Tour hito the N. W. Ter. 8vo. lioston, 180"> 'J\ M. flaiiis. 

History of fiorder Wars. Svo. Chicago. 1874 f'. h*. Tut lie. 

Historical Collections of Coshoeton Co., (). 8vo. Cincinnati, 1S7(;. Wni. E. Hunt. 



History of Champaig-ne and Lo^^nin Counties, 0. Svo. Belfontaine, l'^72. 

I. Antrim. 

Historical Colleetions of ]\Iaho)iing- Valley, 0. 8vo. Youngstown. 1^7(j. 

Outlines of History of Michi<^-an. 'Svo. Deti-oii. 1870 1. O. Canii»bell. 

History of Indiana. 8vo. lndianai)olis, 1S7-") Coodrich and Tuttle. 

Old Times in McLean Co.. 111. 8vo. liloonnn<^ton. 1S7G Dr. E. Havis, 

Lake Counly, Indiana. 18:14-1872. Svo. Chicago, 1872 L'ev. T. H. Hall. 

History of I'eoria, 111. Svo. Peona, 1870 C. Hallance. 

Illustrated History of Mi^'soun. Svo. St. TiOnis, 1871) Davis iV Durrie. 

Pioneer Ilistoiy of .Milwaukee. Svo. Milwaukee, ls7() las. S. Buck. 

Histoiy of (i(')ieva, Wi-^. s^vo. ( b'lieva, 1870 Jas. Simjaons. 

The Cattle Trad*- of the ^Vest and Southwest. Svo. Kansas Citv, 1^74. 

* J. (L McCov. 

The Plains of the Great ^A\'st. Svo. New York, 1 877 K . 1.1 )Oilge. 

The Grt>at Divide. Svo. New York, 1876 l^arl of Dunraven. 

The Pioneers of the A\'est. Svo. New York. 1855 V\'. P. Strickland. 

Sununi')- 1-]tcliin,i:s in Colorado. 4vo. New York. 187;> Eliza. ( ireatorex. 

The MoDiioii-. or Latter Day Sahtts. Svo. Loudon. 1^52 Anon. 

Life Anion;-- tilt' M oriiK'iis. iVc. 8vo. New York. ISd"^ .\non. 

The Kock-v Monntaiii Saints. Svo. New York. 187M T. P». H. Steidiouse. 

^Mineral lo-i^iou of Lako Superior. 12ino. Ihdialo. 181("; T. Houghton, Jr. 

Journal of liev. P. Jacobs, lludson P.av. 12mo. New "^'ork, 1^57. 

The WiM North Land. Svo. Philadelphia. 1874 ^\'. F. Hutlcr. 

The Fur Country, \c. Svo. Boston. 1874 lules Verne. 

The j^-airie Pn.tvince, iV'c. Svo. Toronto, ls7r) 1. C. Hamilton. 

Snow Shoes and (.'anoes. Svo. London. 1877 ^\ . U. (L Kingston. 

Life in California. iVc. 12nio. New York, IS-jti. 

Adventures in Calitbrnia. 2 vols. Svo. London, 1850 Wm. P. Lyon. 

History of California. 12ino. Boston, 1854 E. S. Capron. 

Scenes of Wr.nder, cVc. in California. Svo. San Franeisco. 1^02. J. ,M. Hutehin<;. 
All ovin- r)regon and Washington. Svo. San Franeiseo. I>>(i2. ..Mrs. F. F. Fuller, 
fh t'gun and El Dorado. Svo. Boston, ISOtJ Thomas P.nllinch. 



IX])1 \NS, iVC. 

Anli'iuities Discoveivd in the West. Svo. N. I> Caleb Atwafin*. 

Algic liesearehes, Ac. 2 vols. 12mo. New York. Is:";!) ! I . P. Schoolciafi . 

Oneota, or the Ked Pact^ of America Svo. New York. I'^F"). 

11. P. Sdiooleraft. 
The .\ni<Tic;;u ludi. ins. Their Ilistorv. tVc. ^\u. ihitfalo. Is".]. 

II. P. Srhooleraft. 
History, *Vc., of the Noilh Ameriean Indian--. Svo. Laud. 1^21. 

James Bucnanau. 



2i 



ANNUAL KKPORT. 



New Inrlii-ui Skotche?;. 8vo. ^ Now York. L^OO n.-v. P. J. D. Sdk,',. 

History, tVc. of the Jmlian Nations. ^Svo. IMiiliult.'lplii.i. 1>^T<'). 

John Nockwrlil'^r. 

Lifo of Bhi. k Hawk. . 12vo. Tloston. J. H. lV.tt. i-on. 

Catholic Mi-5-ioii.s anionj,'- tiio Imliaiis. Nvo. Now Voik. L'".>4.. .John (i. Shoa. 



GKMMIAL IJTKUATl'UK, K'lC. 



Pooms of Henry AV. Lonjorfellow. 2 vols. 18vo. Boston. 187"). 

Three Menional ]'o(Mns. (Svo. Boston. J. P. Lowell. 

Tlie Work< of JMo-ai- Allan Poe. 4 vols. Svo. X.-w York. -1876. 
Works of Washinaton Irvinpr. 27 vols. Snio. JiOndon. l"^'20-07. 
AVorks of ])ani<'l \\'ebster. (5 vols. ^ivo. Boston. l^M. 

Writing's of Thomas .Tetlerson. 9 vols. 8vo. iS.i:',-} H. .\. Wa<ln'n;:ton. 

Voya^res aiuPJ'ravels in North Ameriea. 8vo. Andovor. 182U. -1). H. Harmon. 
Blackwood's Kdijilmr*,^ Alagazine. Vols. 1-2-k 



I'HIMITIVK -MAN, IJIOl.OdV, ttC. 



Our Place Amon-- liifiniiies. 8vo. New York. 187G P. A, Prwtor. 

The Kxivanseof l{c;iA-,'n. Svo. New Y<vk. 1876.... K. A. I'roctor. 

Fragnionts ol' Sri.jiH.''-. Svo. New York. 1877 John Tyndull. 

Tribune ['upular S<;ii'iire. Svo. P>n.|,)ii. ]s71-. 

Cotem]^orary Kvolution. Svo. >,r\s' A'oik. ]s7G, S.Geo. Stewart. 

Evolution and till' Origin of Life. 12uio. London. lS71: H. C. Bastian. 

I'lit'ory of K\('lntion. Svo. London. 1S7:') Pev. Geo. Hen^low. 

Tlie lo'cent < )ri^-in of Man. 8vo. Pliiladelpliiii. lS7o Tames C. Soutliall. 

I'^iirly Alan in l]iriO])p. 8vo. Xew Yoi'k. ISdi Charl''> Pan. 

Priiiu'Vid Man. 12vo. New A'ork. 187 ! Duke of .Arg-y 11 . 

Ijife Hi-torv ( if < >iir rianet. Svo. Chii-.i^o. 187') A\'ni. P. Guiming'. 

'j'h.- lli^.iry (M ( 'iVMiion. 12niO. Ncn\ York. 1S7G Pni^t H.U'.-k>d. 

l're-Hi>torir Alan, iVe. Svo. Lonrlon. I87r) Daniel AVilson. 

'I'he (Iroat Ire Ago, kc. Svo. New A'ork. 1875 James Geike. 

C'liniat<j and Time, c^'c. 8vo. New York. lS7o Janu^s CvoA. 

The Karth. as Alodifled, cVe. Svo. New York. 1874 Geo. P. A!ar-h. 

Story of the Harth and Alan, 12mo. New York. 187:1 .T. AV. Dawson. 



DITIOXAHIES AND ENCYCLOI'K])! AS, 



Dutch and Kngli-1) 1 >i( tionary. 4o. Amsterdam. 17-10 AV. Sewel. 

Hebrew and Lngii^h 1 )icfiojiarv. 8v'0, New York. ISlii AV. L. Pov. 

AVeleh Dictionary.^ 2 vols. 8vo. Denbigh. lsi;G .W. PughV. 

Noted Namt'~ of Lietion. 8vo. lioston. 187') W'm. A. Wh-'cj.-.-. 

l">ictionary of Pnglisli Liinguagc. 2 vols. Svo, London. 177') lolm 

l^i( tio]iar\- of I'nuli-li L iiiguagc. lo. London. L'^1') lolm \Valkin-. 

Lnglish I'ictionary. 2 vols. 4vo. l-ldinliurg. ls.'4 lolm Ogilvie. 

JHctionary of obsolete and prov. KnglLdi. 2 vols. Svo. London. lS(;'.i. 

Thoina< AVri'rht. 

Pi\cyclopedia of Lducation. Svo. New Yoi'k. ps77 Kiddle Sch'-m. 



SOCIAL SCIF.NCi:, 



Cinl Lil-'Orly imd Self Gnvci-nment. Svo. Pliiladclj.hia. P^-V) .Franci> Li'Pc.-. 

Primer of Puliiir il I lcoin'my. 12mo. Chicago. 1S7-'') Ma<on and L;il"r. 

Kssays on Polit i. ,:! L. nnomy. 12mo. Boston. 1S7') Horace ( irci lcy. 

The rontlict i'.ctwi en Lalnn- and Capital, Svo. Phila<lcli'hia. Is7(;. 

A.S. Bollcs. 

The Llt'ction of Iic|>rc>(Mitatives. Svo. London. Thomas Hare. 

Ifelig-iou and the St.ib'. 12mo. i5,).<lon. 1"^71 Alvah Hovt y. 

Jieligion and the Stato. Svo. New York. 1S7G Samuel T. Si)ea.r, D. i>. 



* 



()i;.iK( Ts or coij,:. ( Tiox hi:.-;iM-:i> \\\ -ociiitv 



tirtilarly thoso n'lnrin- t... tlio Wt-st; W'oi-'o on our h.diim 'J'ri" ■ and Am-n-i.^m 
Avolia'lcj.uy and KtliiK^l •^'■y : Siuti-itieat and NMc-iitilir l'n»'lii;;r.'' us of Stat'S or 
J^ocictics: Ijooks or ranipLh^ts rclatinj^' t') tlv « Irrat ]?.>U..'liion: ] vivatf'ly printed 
work-:; N<'u-s])iipi'r.s: M.ij»s and Cijavt'^: jOii;,i-avli!U-s; A;;'' -jniiibs; Coin-: 
AiUi'iuifies: and Knoycloi>'..'dia>, I>ictio:. 1 1 liMioraj'hi' w^rlcs ovm- 

klnd. Entiro setN of works aiv^ e.-pecially <r.1t( ;t»-'l <> • . >.]!,•. ^- .^j'boolcs on ;iny 
.•«"i\lii(X't, liiit siiiule vo]i!r,u'^. or ))aui]'>lilr; ."-.lly rfr-.-iv^d,. 

K>)n'riid!y 'lo vvc desiiv 

KVv:i?v r]ifN*; i?;:LATiN'.; i" -d i; > 'Wx - 

1. 'Jj-uvel-s and Kxiilor^stions; ( 'ity Di;-r./--«.^v.-.. .. ( 'd,,;,.^ o}' • r Law.- and 

Jonnials ol" o;ir L'-.-idaturJ: (Jrdinano?.^ of '('iti'><. -hori. ovt'rv 

I.Mjok. on any snlijc'-r, ).>rint '<! in lla- St..ft> ov p'-^cvdv.-i' . . . '.wj: toil. 

2. Piini]:hi.'i-^ of nil kinds: f"aliiloM-n,;s of ?.!iinii->')Vj Coil"-- -- .iiid <^thei- ht>ti- 

T;i '• •^ ■ ■ ' '.ly: Annn-il Hcporis ^..>•il■til^^: Sol:- ;;nd Addvo^^^'> 
^udv; MiniiUN of (.:j;v.vrh (Jonvention.-. >y!'..n-i<. or oth./v 
; 'i i-'dit^s of ..diin)^*>otR: ' •iliioal Addr^^-'S:" Railroad and 

lir-an! oi* Trade .Ut-porr^; jVmipiiii.'ts r-.; ti-iir to this Sr. • ;■. 

• '. ]•':' - ' i^sotu Nov.-<pai«-'r?:. and A!-.- . ■ - '^to volimw 

>. or sill ..■! ..' nni!il)i'r^ 'v re«ino-i''d 
:•• their i>nb]ivation^ ro_ wi, •"«.• ca^- " 

' ' td l.MiU?)<l. 

-i. ^■-'■■o • mvota History: ()\<.' 1. .lour; Afana-.r.; i 

• • j'ionooc- of Alinn- s^'t;! : (.>rjuiii.;^ ■:) Kariv 

' ■■ -^aoont of tlif* T . !i : • ■ Advontiin- . _ duriiijr 

I A'ar oi- iic:' larf^Kp]> ■' :ra]'hi<^s of : '';.,;:tvix of cv.'ri" 

• or n\ ini^ or iloc(;a»' .-r witli tlu'-ir » ■■■.-]■ ■:•< and anro- 

-ABti-li of rho ^''i;tk'Uioni o: K\yvy [own and v::^ in the State. 

' ' of tlu' 'irst s;«ri-lrr.-j. W.* »;\-ir. artifl'-s ovt vm- 
i. XlinnrA^t,;, li'i-l'>ry. 

: ^it:-- .-V ( 'O'intios. of ; : ^ /■ ■■ ^K;vi^,-wt" 

- ' •: Ih'awinL!.' '.»r i/iif.i'i'i^iiii'i, ^ - •i\,-'ry: i'uint- 

ti'd wilh \iinno-ota. history. 

' . ' • ' ' ' ioi oiir Muvoiwr: i'.nu<: ^f^'.],;^ 

. } ■ • ■ rutnt's: War ]o-'i. ~: Anto-r:'- !' • 

7. I i 'Mi>t ralivr ••!■■ ii:ir Indian 'I , ' : •: . . . .. T:.'H- 

, i.'ii. \'('.: Sk>'t> v.f - (if rli»'ir iav>iri:;, ( lii.'l -. i 
^ yothj'r with f-'v.iti ihuii'Mis of Indian Wfai'ions. < 

("uriovities and !ii;i_.!rni-nts. Also Sruii.- A:<<'.s. ^ ii^^.l-. 
I 'oitory. or othrr o-iii-r of tlif prchi^ t- vii' va';!-.-;. 

!n l-iir)'. f-rcrntlilt.'i tii.;;. oy tho inovit lilioral constnict ■ 
hi>t(ay 'X M innrsdt.i -. ' -^ ■ .'^ -i'trl.'-nicji': : it- ! ■ 
^\birh will h'' \\{ \\\\\\>' \ it) suc<-f"-ii! ■: 

riaonaoiicat inn.- nr . 
SI. i'ani. 



()i;.II-:rTs OF CDIJJJ TIOX hl>lin-:i» iiV THK S()C]!:tV 



Ij""!^- 1 '.I iiip.i''-. > ' :i A .'iiiTu ,11! lli-:>i;A. l)ii,-ia;/!iy . 
ti. Liiai ly thoso n^lnriny t... tho ^\^^>t ; \\\irk> o.-i our lii<lism 'i'n' ■ 
Avolia-luoy anil Ktlinol -»;L'-y : Statistical aii<l S.'iriuilir I'n''' 
.Soc-ictifs: Ijooks or Pniiiiihl^ts rclntini.' to tlv^ » ireat Iiolx'lii : 

\cu->}>.ii.i-r.<; .Maps ami ("hart-, j-ai-ra \Ii(f»-s: Au*- 
A1^ti<Jni(i(•s: anil i:ii.;ycloiv<lias, i >ietio:. 1 lliLliorai.]!:. :: 

kiiiil. EiitiiT' .siHx of works iwc especially <ol)( irf;'l. u-- c(»lio.^ti 
Hilii'-'-t. I'ut .siiiyle voh;-!.'-;, o- )iaui]^!ili'i . .'vu. w ill l-.- , 
1%|' '< ial'y -lo we ilt'sive 



• '.icalo^'y. paj-- 
;-!ik1 Am'Tii\ni 
•■t' ^^ra^'•- or 
. ti.'ly pnntHil 
•_'rai>b-<; Coins: 
1 \\*<ji'i\S of ovpiy 
ot' books on any 
■ i'lillv rorrivpil. 



'JVavvl^ and Kxiilo'-^fririns; (''ity Di'-'^'--''^-"- ' 'm i.-; of tli-- 

Jonnuils or onr L'-.:>lat5nv: Unljna?Me? ot'Cilie-J; a?:' 
IxX'k. on ony sn'ijo--r, i.n'nt.'d in Iho Sia^? ov ^hcwh'n'*-. ■■. 
P<nn).h;tMs of all kiial.--: < 'a- iilo^-iiCb of ^.Finnoota ro]]--.. - - 
tntions of Lvanv-. \\- •; i.l Koporisof So-:iot; ■ - 
. ;if:o< of I'inivrh (jou'. 
.•iirnj-^^ota: f'.>iiiioal .-<•< ■ 
i'a]ni)!)!t?t> rr'^: tinjv to thi- ■ 
' ■' - ' ■ •• '•• "•>. ami Ma--a/:ir;o<. r.appcia-iy 

lion.?! reL:-!iLiny. all of wh- 



ile 11 vered ill rhf- ^• 

l-Vciosia^ical ii-j : i 

Uoanl of TraiU; IN-norrs.; 



I ,)•(• vCTTCi"! and i.'oinid. 
\!a'onals f..r M'^avMla History. 



Old 1/ iiprs, .ioiU) 



j'ir.nce.> of 



with na.in'.> 
iiiH-terl vdtli 



tv I own a.ii 
• •ir artirl'--- 



• "-ti n.-ua-ni 
■ ^.-ri-lor.s. \V 
• lii-t'^Ly. 

Mqp- of T(»wn Site- or (.'onnties. of . \ • 

l'uildin.u- or lii>;.Ti.,' plaws: I>ravvinL:> i'i;oi'<-iii[' 
in,u-s; Poi Uaii >. ^V--.. r-oriru'ctod wifh \(ir.)a\-(>tii. iii^t-. 
• ('i.riu-iiii.'s of all k^n'l^ for onr .Mr.M'-'.'r; Coin-: Mt^''. 
traits: ]-]iiv^ravini-> : r^tutni's: War iv' - : Aiito;jTa 
per>on.-, f-to. 

7. I ii.-t> inii>traliv»> "f i.):!r Indian TX 

^-ion. A'c; Sk.•^^•!lr.-■ r.f rhoir javirh:. 
tou-etbt'r witii conti ihuti'Mis of Indian \\ t-aju* 
("on^Kities and ih;i>!i-iu'vnts. Also snm.' A." 
L'oitr-ry, or olhrr r.-lir- of tin- prflii^ t< .vii- i-aoe--^. 

!n I'n'rJ" ('rcnf/hl,.;/ tii.il 
i.i><oiy of MinniNiit.i: 

\\li. a w ill ]..' of valno or iiin-ic^t to sui ic^'di 



i: Historv. 
( hi.'f«, (.);• 

lOlJS, ( 



oy thoniovt lil>oral lonstrncli 
'.fs I' lriy si'trkMnrji*^ : it-^ proi^iv^s 



I lUMV.aniication.N or iiifr- 
. i'aiii. 



niav- 



'■ni-rntion- 



• .vilier Law,- anil 
1 in short, ovory 
I -inirtoit. 

.•rid other In>ti- 
- ;:.nd Addvo->'''> 
^■yv, o is. or oih'jr 
^ v ilroiui and 

. ; let^j voliimo:. 
." : • -vly reipiosi.-'d 
' cart-TLdly 

Maiui<':vio[ 
. thi^ Kariy 
li(.'t< durincr 
rs of r-v^a^' 
a?ift a;uo- 
■ the :^Tate. 



i'oi- 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



MllESOTl HISTORICAL SOCIETI, 

TO THE j 

i 

LEGISLATURE OF MlHNESOTA, 



FOR THE YEAR 1878. 




MINNKATOIJS ; 
JOllN.'^O^, Sl'.lTrr fc IIAlUilSON. 



/ 



OFFICERS OF THE THE SOCIETY. 



I'RESIDEXT. 

HON. n. n. SIBLEY. 

1. Hon. ALEX. RAMSEY, 

2. Capt. K. BLAKELEY. 

secketary and libkaeian. 
J. FLETCHER ^VILLIAMS. 

TllEASUIiEH. 

HENRY p. UPitAil. 

ilEMliERS OF EXECUTIVE COL'XCIL. 

Ex OJJicio. 

His Excellency, John S. Pillsbuiy, Governor. 
Hon. J. 13. Wuketicld, Lieutenant Governor. 
Hon. Jolni S. Irg-ens, Sccrotavj of State. 
Hon. Orion P. Wliitcomb, Auditor of State. 
Hon. William Pfaender, Treasurer of State. 
Hon. George P. Wilson, Attorney- GeneraL 

Elective. 



Gen. C. C. Andre^rs, St. Paul, 
Gen. James H. }!aker, r\Iankato, 
Hon. Jap d Ben?ou, Anoka, 
Hon. Joint M. Berry, Faribault, 
Capt. Russell Blakeley, St. Paul, 
J. B. Chaney, Esq., St. Paul, 
Hon. Gordon E. Cole, Faribault, 
Hon. F. R. Delano, St. Paul, 
Hon. E. F. Drake, St. Paul, 
Hon. Lewis H. Garrard. Lake City, 
Col. Earle S. Goodrich, St. Paul, 
Geo. A. Hamilton, Esq., St. Paul, 
James J. Hill, Esq., St. Paul, 
Kt. Rev. John Irehmd, St. Paul, 
Gen. R. W. Johnson, St. Paul, 



Hon. John D. Ludden, St. Paul, 
Hon. Wm. R. ?dar.<hall, St. Paul, 
Charles E. ]\rayo, Esq., St. Paul, 
Rev. E. D. iSeill, Minneapolis, 
Hon. Alex. Ramsey, St. Paul, 
Hon. D. A. Robertson, St. Paul, 
Gen. John B. Sanborn, St. Paul, 
Gen. H. H. Sibley, St. Paul, 
Hon. John H. Stevens, Minneapolis^ 
R. 0. Sweeny, Esq., St. Paul, 
Henn- P. Upham, Esq., St. Paul, 
J. Fletcher WiHumis, St. Paul, 
licv. T. S. Williamson, St. Peter, 
Hon. H. B. Wil-son, Red Wing, 
Hoji. Thomas Wilson, Winona. 



R E .1^ O. U, T . 



The 3'car just closed has been marked with unusrial featuivs in 
the history of our Society, some ofwliichhave retarded our progress, 
while others have in the liighest degree been a source of encourage- 
mejit and hope to us. Upon the whole, we have made gratifying 
progress in our work. 

OBJECTS OF 1I1-3T0RICAL SOCIETIES. 

At the outset, it moy be asked, "what is that work referred to?" 
As this report will fall iuto the hands of many who have but an 
imperfect idea of the objpcts, province and scope of a society like 
this, some explanation of them .^iay ]iot be out of place. 

A historical society, such as is now fostered in almost every pros- 
perous state of our Union, may be defined, simply, as an organized 
•and associated ciYort of persons interested in tlie collection and con- 
servation of materials for history, and the diffusion of learning, by 
blending the means, energies and experience of a multitude oi per- 
sons in various localities interested in such pursuits, into an united 
effort to nccomi)lisli that end. While each could doubtless accom- 
plish much by individual, elfort and isolated action, (and there are 
notable instances where great results have been accomplished l\v 
enthusiasts in this direction), by co-operating together, with a 
common pur[)use, a common, receptacle for gathered treasures, and 
by mutual aid and encouragement, tlie historical societies of this 
ajid other countries have been enabled to perform a most important 
and valuable work — one already apparent to the scholar and friend 
of learning, but whose results though not now fully ai)preciated by 
the general public, will, in a few }'ears be apparent to all. 

The original charter of this Society, dated in 1S40, stated its'ob- 
jects to be: "the coHeetion and preservation ofalibiary, mineral- 
ogical ai)d geological specimens, Indian curiosities, and other 
matters and things connected with, and calculated to illustrate and 
perpetuate the hist(jry and settieinent of said Territory,"" The 
amended charter of 18-36 enacted: ''The objects of i^aid society, with 



AXNUAL KKl'OUT. 



the enlarged powers au'I duties herein provided, shall be, in addition 
to tlie collection and preservation of puMications, manuscripts, an- 
tiquities, curiosities, and other things pertaining to the social, politi- 
cal and natural hi-<iory of Minnesota, to cultivate among the citizens 
tliereof, a knowledge of the useful and liberal arts, science and 
literature/'' 

The work of this Societ}' may therefore be formulated thus: 
L (1) The Collection, (2) the Prp^-.vvation, and (3) the Tublica- 
tion, of materials for the history of Minnesota. 

II. The collectio)i and management of a lil')i\iry containing 
useful works of reference on the inost v;diiable departments of 
knowledge. 

III. The difiusiciu among the citizens of the State, of useful 
knowledge. 

I. COLLECTION OF [^fATEIlTALS TOR HISTORY. 

1. The collection of these materials for the history of our State 
and its people, is perhaps the most diflieult portion of the work 
described in the first divisio^i aljove. >:o widely scattered are the 
sources of information and so ffieat their variety. These mateiials 
are botli printed and manuscrij^t matter, and both written and un- 
wi'itten. The printed inaterial vrould include everything in tlie 
shape of books, ])am]dilets, documents, maps, engravings, newspa- 
pers, circulars, hand bills, cards, etc., which may, bj' contents, relate 
to the State and its pecjple, or throw. any light on any portion of 
their history. Much of this nniterial is little valued now, and not 
preserved by any but the curious. Yet with the lai)se of time, these 
unnoticed waifs become of great value irom their raj'it}', an.d they 
often bring prices that astonish the inexperienced. It nniy be but a 
pamphlet, a circulai", a mere printed scrap, yet containing some date, 
some name, or some statement oi fact, that may be of great value 
to some person or class of j^ersojis iiiterested in that one juatter. 
The value of an institution whose chief aim is to secure and jire- 
serve these things — ujiprized to-day, priceless to-morrow — is thus 
shown; otherwise crerif copy of some of the articles might become 
lost. Frequently persons expend considerable time and means to 
hunt up and secure some trifling document, nuip, hand-bill or what- 
not, while securely preserved in a lib]-ary like this, that trouble and 
expense is saved to them. Those who Inxve not in some way had 
experience in collecting such nnitters, ca-n but lllile realize how 
almoi^t unobtaiimble they become alter the lapse of time. Having 
fortunately commenced our collection some years ago, at the birth 
of oar conimonwealtjj, while the ohjccti! were more easily obtain- 



HISTORICAL SOCIO r. 5 

able, 011(1 couiluueil llii'ir ,'ieciiniul;^*^"'»M <\-t'vrully sinco. our eolloeiioii 
has b'.-coiiR' very conii)]r4e — more roni }<!('{(.'. pos-sibly, tliaii can liow 
bo made except with hir<4-e outhiy aud trouble, even ii' soiae of 
the matters' can be liad at all — 'newspapers, for instance, many vol- 
umes of which in our collection are entirely unique. 

A largo and valuable portion of these materials f.ir our history is 
as yet in unwritten I'oriu, ;ind consists of reminiscences of our 
' pioneers and early settlers. Jf nut cunected and recorded for pres- 
ervation, it must soon perish completely, as these old pioneers are 
fast being ''gathered, like slieaves full ripe.'" It is an important 
portion of our task to secure and commit to writing these memoirs, 
through our members and collaborators, and we have had good suc- 
cess in so doing. Such of this early histor}' as has been v. ritten is in 
widely scattered and ol)scure fnrir.- - letters and miscellaneous 
manuscripts, diaries and documents of various kinds, liable to loss 
if ijot secured by those knowing their value, and which can onl,y be 
discovered and secured by persevering search. 

2. The preservation of these materials is included under division 
11, as the library portion of our work, and will be fully explained 
there. 

3. The ]Jublication of the materials gathered, in the best attain- 
able manner, lor the use of the public, and of scholars elsewhere, is 
also one of the aims of the Society. It is not so important a por- 
tion of our work, however, as continued publication of the mate- 
rials gathered by us. is being made in various ways, by persons 
using the same, thus relieving us of that expense and responsi- 
bility, and making the results available in different forms. 

II. COLLECnOX A^D :irAKAGEMEXT OF A LIl^EARY. 

That a general library of some completeness is necessary to the 
work of a society lil^e this, must be evident. The researches after 
materials upon the history of Minnesota, as enumerated in I, (1). 
Avuuld uf^cessarily result in accumulating a considerable collection 
of works and documents bearing directly on that subjeet, and, in 
addition a large number on sulijccts germane thereto, and neces- 
sary to its conipleteness and full scope. Thus, under the latter 
division, would be needed such Avork's as the Jesnit ludations, 
Charlevoix's History, Letters Kdiliantes et Curieuses, The Margry 
I^ipers. and w urks generally on XouveUe France and Lomsiana, earl}' 
explorations and travels, aud histori^'s of tiie Northwest. Then, 
liistories of the West generally, and hnally, of America, together 
with all the State papers, archives and documents relating to the 



6 



ANNUAL K1-:P0RT, 



abovo subjecls. In juMilion to tlu'S". n full cqiii|)riieut of iiiateilal 
for research, would require quite a list of works on tlie Indian races 
of Norili America, and on arclneoldiry and eDnioloLTV generally, 
\vliil(^ treaties on geology and oilier In-aurlu^s of natural history, 
on statistics, on coiniuerce, etc., together with maps and atlases and 
diet ionai'ies, of vai-ious kinds, biographies and genealogies, even, 
would all be found necessary. In short, it would be found that 
there are reall}' but few classes of work- usiuiUy kept in libraries, 
vrhich v\'ould not be needed as reference works l)y one studying 
nothing but the hi>-toi-y of Minnesota, in all its bearings. Thus it 
will be seen liovr a consi-lerable library would spring up without 
going beyond the work n.^quired in divi-iou ]. Its extension, to in- 
clude subjects of useful knowledge, would be l)ut a iiatural out- 
growth from such a beginning, in faot. would become necessary, 
since libraries will grow, and thus we have the library portion of 
out' woi'k', now becoiue so important aud valuable. This would 
naturally fall into two subdivisions. (1) The c(dlection, through 
gifts from members and corres})oridents, or secured by solicitiiig 
donations from tiie ]niblic at large, and from exchanges of dupli- 
cates and our own i)ublications vvith other societies, and b}' pur- 
chase. (2) The preservation and tuana^'ement, according to the best 
rules of the hibliothecal science, of the works so coliecred. and kec})- 
ing them in an accessible shape for tlie use of the public, with 
properl}" prepared catalogues, etc. The librar}' portion of our work 
is more full}" spokeii of in the pages following. 

The collection of a museum has been diligently carried on, so 
far as purely historical and arelireological curiosities is concerned, 
relating mostly to our own State. The natural history of our State 
has not been much illustrated, as it is believed the natural history 
societies already organized can better pei'form that work than we 
can, with the small meajis we would be able to devote to it. 

III. THE DIFFUSION" OP KNOWLKPGE. 

The cultivation of a knowledge of, and taste for, tlie useful and 
liberal ails, science and literature, has perhaps hccn less directly 
carried out than ;iny of the oth'n' duties laid on u<. for vrant of the 
necessary meaus, "With a pro]>er building for iv.i art gallery, an 
audience hall for lectures, and a' fund with which to ])ay lecturers 
and scholars for services rendered. ihi< division of our work could 
be easily perfoi-jued. To some exttuit it is, already, but only inci- 
dentally to our other -work. Our library funrislirs scholars and 
students ample matci-ial for researches, and the knowledge thus de- 



HISTORICAL SOCJKTY. 



7 



rived, is diflusefl iu many Avnys, by l(?ctares, ticldrcsses, sermons, 
press contributions, stalf ])apers and oilicial re])orts, jiampblcts, 
and books. 

THE LIBRA KY. 

Let ns now briefly gbmcc at tlie library portion of our work. 
Owing to causes mentioned elsewhere, it exhibits but a small in- 
crease the past 3-ear. On Jan. 1, IST^. there were 7172 bound and 
10,835 unbound voluiues. During 187S there were received from 
all sources, 257 bouud aud 449 un])Ound volumes, together with 51 
maps, 2 photographs or engravings, 85 curiosities, or articles for 
the cabinet, kc. 

The sources from wliich ilie bound volumes were received, were: 
by gift, 178; by exchange, ?»3; by ]mrcliase, 10; b}' binding, 37. All 
the ])amphlets. maps, kc, Avere received by gift or exchange. 

Tlie total ]iumber of bound volumes now in the Library is 7.4G0, 
and unbound, 11,284 or an aggregate of 18,753 titles. This does 
not include the liiimsey collection (mentioned elsewhere) nor the 
series of bound news])n})ers given by Col. Goodrich; neitlier of which 
were received when this report closes, (Jan. 1.) 

PURCHASES. 

Our purchases during 1878, as referred to before, were so small 
as scarcely to aiford a noticeable element of our increase. We had 
hoped to expend during the year, the average amount of previous 
years, say ^500, and in our estimates of expenditures presented to 
the finance committees of the 20th Legislature, as a basis for our 
annual appropriation, that amount was inserted. To our regret, 
the item was strickeji out, on the grounds that the State expendi- 
tures were too large, and inust be reduced somewhere, thus dcj)riv- 
ing us of our means to purchase. AVi/hout expressing au}^ ceiisure 
at the action then had, we cannot but regard the refusal to grant 
us the small sum named as having originatinl in a misai>prehension 
of the Jiecessit ies of the case. Tbe sum in itself was not hirgi^ — and 
compared Vvith lavish apjjropriations ]nade at the same time, Avas 
actually trilling. A i)ublic library like this )>fi(i<( i)urchasc, more or 
less. The wants of the public which resort to such a collection, 
demand more or less additions ofcertain classics of books, Avhieh can 
only be sceured by purcliase. The sum )iamed is less than many 
well to do gentlemen in our State s})end on their i)rivate libraries 
in one year, and ours must cover a multitude of subjeets. andyet be 
more or less thorough in each. AVilh the small sum named how- 



8 ^ Al^NUAL KKPORT, 

ever, (tlion^^li it sliould, in f-ir-t, bo thrice tlio am()inif)wo can, witli 
the cure mid jiidgnicnt exercised l)y our Liltnay Conmiit tee, rind 
their experience in pnrchasini^ clicai^ly, make quite a i-e-pectable 
increase. There has not been, lor niany years, such ;in o})portunity 
to ])archase advantageously, as during the past few niontlis. Tlie 
financial stringency east has been the means ofthruwingon the 
market a great number of line collections, and they have, in gene- 
ral, been sold at prices lower than hr^v ' ruled I'or years. It grieves 
us-to see these choice gatherings of collectors going under the 
hammer for a mere song, and we not Jiblc to avail uurs(dves of the 
fine bargains offered. Nor, indeed, is it economy to defer the pur- 
chase of the books Ave need, and must have, to complete our coilec- 
ion. They must soon advance again to greater prices than before. 
Indeed, as buyers well know, despite these temporary depressiojis, 
books ''out of print" are steadily enliancing in price all the time, as 
the number of buyers in this country is rapidly on the increase. 
Public libraries are springing up here and there in great numbers, 
many of them with large endowments, while private collectors, ac- 
cumulating libraries on special subjects, and spending their money 
with the well known lavishness of bibliomaniacs, all tend to render 
rare books still rarer, and dearer. If our State expects its Histori- 
cal Society, on which it has laid the duty of collecting a library 
useful to its people and creditable to its own intelligence and cul- 
ture, to stand abreast of other institutions and maintain a useful 
existence, the support given to it must necessarily be commensu- 
rate with the den.iands on it. At present, we regret to say, our 
means are sadly below our wauts. 

It had been our exi)ectation to expend quite an amount in com- 
pleting the binding of the newspapers and pamphlets vrhich had 
been accumulating for some time. l)ut the proviso attached to the 
ap])ropriation for tlie Society (see clause 26, chapter 07, Gen. Laws 
1878) rendered our funds unavailable for a consider;ib]e portion of 
the year, and we did not get them in hand until so late a date that 
we have had only time to bind 29 volumes. Full}' thrice that 
number, besides some 200 volumes of smaller works, are now await- 
ing the binders cnre. This item of our ex[>(M](lit ure must always l)c 
a considerable one, I'br it is a worl: most jiecessary to be done. 

Gins. 

The stream of generous and timely gifts, a source which has 
mainly l)uilt up our collection to ils present valu.ible and gratify- 
ing coiulition, continues to How in to us with widening and deepen- 



lIISTOinCAL SOCIKTY. 



9 



incf volume. A full ]\>t of tljo donors to tlie library durinp' the year 
187S, ^vill be found in tlie Jii)|)endiA, but sp«-ciril luontlo!! !n j^f 1k» 
made, of some of tbe gifts received. 

First amonfi: these is the <,'ift, by Hon. Al».'\. liams.-y, I'iL-.i'ifiit 
of the Society durini^ its first lo years, of his entire private? library, 
consisting of over 1,000 volumes, thus constituting by fur the larg- 
est gift ever received by the Society from any r»no person, to say 
nothing of the intrinsic value of iho Ax orks. These are especially 
valuable to a library like ours, as they consist chiefly of si.ite pn^ 
pers, documentary and archival works relating to theU. S.; the 
statistical and sciontitic works issued by the government, a full set 
of debates, congressional proceedings and reports, blue books, etc. 
Not the least vahiable of these works are 33 volumes of Minnesota 
newspapers, commencing in 1819, and a number of bound volumes 
of pami)lilcls on various subjects oi jjoiitical economy and social 
science, fmanco and jjjw. Taken as a whole, it constitutes a splen- 
did library i'or tlie use of our legislature, public oflicers and statists, 
furnishing inr(M"uuition and authorities on innumerable qiiestions 
whieli constaiitly arise in public, niatters. They rei)reseut a col- 
lection made with patient care dui ing some 25 years of j)ublic lite, 
16 of which were })a-^sed in Comrross, a position exceptioiially favor- 
able to securing such docunientary works. They are all in gocnl 
binding, and, slielvcd and catalogued with our other wurks in that 
department, make our library very complete and valuable in a di- 
rection which is of manifest importance. Not only our Society — 
for wl)ose welfai-e Ex-Senatoi- Kiims^'v lias been a diligent worker 
for nearly 30 years, but the whole Stale, must feel gratehil to him 
for his very acceptable gift. 

Next must be noted the generous contribution, by Col. Earle S. 
Goodrich, of St. Paul, of some 22 volumes of the 'Daily Pi(»nopr," 
and "Daily Pioneer & Democrat," the oldest, and for many years the 
ablest journ.'il in i\Iiiinesota, of which he was editor and publisher 
for some twelve years. This desirai)le gift completes our file of that 
well known journal, and makes it beyond doubt the only absolutely 
complete file in existence. For the period during which it was 
puldished, it may well be termed, "a history of the State." 

Our generous friends of former years have not been unmindful of 
lis the i)ast twelve months. From our liberal patron. Dr. Samuel 
A. Green, of "IJosion, we have received •»! pamphlets; iVom iiev. J. 
F. Tutlle 1). 1). ul Wabash Colleg'% Tnd.. bound and ::i unbound 
works, ofnK)re than usual value; IJev. CD. Uradlee, of Uoston, 
contribules JO pamphlets: Prof. All.-n Whitman, St. ]\ml, 17 do; 
Joel Munsell, Albany, 33 do; Col. D. A. Robertson, St. Paul, 45 do; 



10 



ANNUAL RKPOKT. 



Cliarlcs E. Miiyo, St. Paul, 10 tlo; Dr. J. If. Stewart, 1-1- do; Rev. J. 
W. Strong, D. J). oi'Carletoii Coll.:-e, 9 do; Win. 11. Kelley, do; J. 

F. AVilliains, 23 boujjd volumes; Geo. A. ITaTuilioii, G bound and 13 
unbound volumes; Dr. Jolm J. Dewey, contributes valuable liles of 
Minnesota and New York paper.-^, in addition to iliose received from 
him before. Desirable gifts liave also been received from Gen.. R. AV". 
Johnson, Gen. 11. JL Sibley, lion. S. J. U. Me^MIllan, Rev. M. lie 

G. Dana, Hon. II. M. Rice, I?-. A. Brock, Va., Isaac Siiiucker, Ohio. J. 
A. Fay & Co. Cincinjiati, and other friends, whose names liave 
ap])eared on our list, of donors from year to year, with a faithful reg- 
iilarity which constitutes them our geiierous patrons. 

Ma})S liave been received as follows: Col. E. F. Brigham, 1; "War 
Dei)artnient, Cliief Engineer's office, 12: Maj. Gen, Shcrnum, G; 
€harles Harise, 1; H. F. Masterson, 1. News})aper cuttings from 
Dr. T. S. Williiimson, R. A. Brock, and the IIi.^torieal Societies of 
Delaware and Xova Scotia. 

/ 

MUSEUM, AKCnJEOLOGY, ETC. 

During the year several ver}^ valuable and interesting si)ecimen3 
of archccological implonents were received, enriching our calnnet 
in that deparrment. Hon. C. C. Brandt, of Brown county, contrib- 
utes a stone axe from that localit}', and a nieteorolite, both very inter- 
esting. Mark L. Wildes, of Lake Washington, Le Sueur county, 
contributes a fine collection of lithal weapons and instruments, G.j 
arrow-heads, 2 flint knives, 1 bone skin-dresser, and 1 tine stone 
hammer, all found in that vicinity: a truly valuable collection, 
showing that our slate affoi-ds a good field for tlie study of arc]i{t- 
ology — a field which has .'is yet been but little explored, and will 
richl}^ i'fp'i.y the antiquarian wlio devotes himself to it. 

In this connection we again refer to the remarkalde stone ham- 
mers, evidently used for pulverizing corn, found }icar St. Peter, 
and presented to the society last year by B. M. Randall of that city. 
Prof. VVineliell, Stale geologist, inserted in his recent annual report 
of the State; geological survey (the Ttli) a very well executed engra- 
ving of the stones, and the supposed manner of tlu^ir use, from a 
drawing executed by Rol)t. Ormsby Sweeny, of our Society. It 
had b jen our design to insert something of the kind in our printed 
re[X)rt, Init a.s it had been already so Avell presented, covering the 
whole ground of the subject, we are spared that outlay. Other 
engravings of aboriginal \V(M})()ns tmd imphMuenfs are given by 
Prof. Winchell, and we learn that Mr. Bandidl, conl inning liis 
search in the region where the two colossal liamniers above noted 



IflSTOKICAL SOCIETY. 



11 



were found, has discovt*reJ still anotlier, lull as ijiterestiug us either 
of the first pair. Several of the iiicinh'-rs and correspondents of 
the society, in various i);irts of the State, have recently secured ab- 
ori<;inal implements, aud will forward th(nn to us at Urst opportu- 
nity. AV'e have now more room than before for disjjlayin^^ our 
cahinef, and our friends nniy secure all the specimens they can iind 
and forward to us, witliout fear of overcrowding this dei)artment. 

Among "curiosities" not arclneological, we note a piece of tree, 
found 27 feet below the surface, contributed by A. J. Hunt, of 
Brownsdale; a very large specimen of caloptenus spretus, from 
Rev. E. 11. Lathrop, Zumbrota; specimens of Coiifedcrate currency, 
from .11. Iv. Ihinnell and W. H. Mitchell; photographs or engrav- 
ings, from Rev. E. Livermore, St. Peter, Truman M. Smith, St. 
Paul, etc. 

EXCnA NGES — PUBJ.ICA I'lOXS. 

Sister societies and libraries in correspondence with our own, 
over 100 in number (some of them in lilurope) continue to generousl}' 
exchange publications with us, and a valuable and considerable part 
of our increase comes from that source. Our librarian has made 
every effort to render an equivalent for the favors received, b}* for- 
warding such duplicates and State docments as he could procure or 
had in hand, for that purpose. We have of our ow]i four volumes 
of publications, a sufh'cieut reserve on hand for all puri)oses, but as 
all correspondijig societies have been supplied v;ith these alread}', 
no more can be used thus. If we could continue the printing of 
ou)- collections it would add greatly to our resources for exchange 
material. It has now been four 3 ears since the issue of a number. 
Several papers have been kindl.y offered to us. by members and. 
friends, but they v.x-re on subjects not connected with the histor}' 
or geography of oar Slate, to which we have heretofore limited 
them, and it would not ijc good policy to opoi our anmds to include 
miscellaneous v\ritings. 

In this connection we may state that Hon. Henry 7>r. liice, offers 
us the use of a very valuable manuscript in his possession, written 
])y the late Truman M. Warren, on •'The Ojibwa Nation; their Ori- 
gin, History, Iieligion," etc. Warren, who was himself an 
Ojibwa half-blood, spent some yeai'S in its preparation, aiul with 
opjiortunities and qualihcations tbat perhaps no otho' writt-r ever 
})os^essed, united to an ardent and devot(.'d love of the subject. 
The MS. passed into Mr. Rice's possession at an outlay of over 
^^l,0('0, He oilers it to us, however*, at a much h.'ss sum, and one 
that in our opinion is far below its nnu'ketable value. Our Secre- 



12 



AXXUAL IlKPORT. 



tiiry has ciiHcilly excimiiieil it. uiid lias no lic^Itation in (lot-lariug 
it a most im{;()rtaiit and valiia'blo audition to the kno\vledge wliich 
■vve possess regarding one oi our aooriginal natii:»iis. which lornieriv 
hehl sway om.-v a ^arge portic)n of our State, and whose history is so 
greatl}' interwovpji with our own. Our Society ought to possess 
tliis .MS. and })ublisji it. It will, properly cdite«l, (lor which work 
our Secretary Ims obtained the necessary data) aiid witli preface, 
index, tVc, mai^e a work of aboi!/ p.tges. The small amonnt of 
fumls placed at our disposal, precludes the pnrcliase by ns, but if 
some special arrajigenient can be made for its piu'clntse and transfer 
to our haiuls, we will thus be!: enabled to prepare for the use of tlie 
pu])lic, and of scholars every\vhere, a work which will reflect credit 
on the State. 

CATALonr^. 

The manuscript catalogue of bound works in the library, to 
whicdi reference was made in our last report, is now completed and 
in convenient shape for use. being bound in two volumes. It was 
prepared after the most a|>provcd rules of bibliograi)hical science, 
and in accordance with the best models of professional skill in tliat 
line. As noted above, it incluuc.^, as yet, only b'ound books. The 
catalogue of unbound works, some 12,0()0 in numfier, is now in pro- 
gress, and will be jnislied to completion as ra})id]y as possible. With 
the limited time wliich can be actually devoted to it however, amid 
tlx.' diverse and engrossijjg duties which now press on our single 
working oillcer, it will bo some months before it can be completed. 
^Vhen done, it vrould be well if tlie entire catalogue could be print- 
ed; but that is a question perhaps now premature, and can well be 
deferred ujitil the coi<y is complete. 

OUR W ROOMS. 

In our last rei)0rt, the question of procuring a fire-in-oof building 
for the use of tlie Society, was discussed at Icjigth. The necessity 
for more space was apparent to an}' one who had, during the pre- 
ceding few months, visited the apartments of the Society, and was 
renlaj-ked Ijy all. Tlui only way to secure it, seemed to l)*' — to build. 
To that end, we made the I'equest in our report, for suiilcient means 
to })artly erect the hall. A bill for that object was introduced 
into the Senate, and we at on.ce (through a committee appointed 
for that pur|.o>e) >.et about securing subscriptions for the balance 
required. In the latter work we met with the riK><t encouraging 
success, .several very libend subscriptions having been received 



IIIbTOKKJAL SOCIETY. 



13 



almost unsoliciteu, an-.l in a few Avec]:s the cntiro iimomit noofled 
would beyond doubt li:ive been i)ledii:cd. While tn:> was in j)i"o- 
grei^s, the oQlcers of the Society had Deen couferriiii;- with }j]enil)er.s 
of the Legislature interested in the measure, and lio'pe was enter- 
tained that the bill !i])Ove mentioned might pass, Ihit on further 
consultation v.'ith tlie finance committee and Stat*.- auditor, it was 
found that the tax levy of the preceding year had been i)iadequate 
to produce revenue enough for the necessary current expenditures 
of tlie State, and all outlay that co il l bo deferred, would have to 
lay over to more ]>ropitious timeri. At this [discouraging juncture, 
liowever, a new iuid unexpected way out of our cnibarassment was 
opened. Hon. Edmund liice, of the House, had p.lready introduced 
an act for the enlargement of the Capitol building, b}' erecting a 
new wing, or addition on the west end, for the use of the House of 
Representatives. Finding that tliis enlargement would provide 
us with the much needed room, we voluntarily ^vithdrew the 
bill which had bei'U inl,roduced for our building, and ceased further 
efforts to secure subscriptions towards it. Mr. Itiee's bill passed, 
and the new wing erected as provided therein. 

The new rooms tlius prepared for our accommodation, consists of 
the entire basonu-ni of the ne .v v.-iiic;, 50 by 100 feet in area, or 
47 by 97 m the clear. The mniii ii'oi-ary room is 47 b}- 75 feet in 
si/e, aiid amply lighted by 7 windows. It has tvro entrances, Oiie 
from the interior of the building, the other on Wabasha Street. 
The general appearance of this room lias, unfortunately, been much 
marred l.>y the insertion of two rows of posts to sapj:)0rt the floor 
above, after the building was nearly com})leted, as it was alleged b}' 
some that it was not strong enough. These additional pillars not 
only detract from tlie appearance, but are seriously in our Avay. 
Otherwise, the room is very suitaiblo, has good light and ventilation, 
is Avell warmed by steam pipt^s, and i)rovidcd with a water closet, 
wash room, tK:c. Some of the interior hnishing is, however, badly 
done, a natural result of the cheap contract system — such as the 
plastering, painting, etc., while tli.' iloor a))peaj s to]- have bee]] hiid 
with veiy imi)erfcctly seasoned lumber, and is already i»adly warped 
aiid seamed. This was not discovered ujitil after vre had occujiied 
the i-ooras, and too late to re]nedy tlie defect by relaying it. We 
have so much morei'oojn now, and the ai)artme]its altogether ai'c so 
much supei'ior to the old rooms, i]\c>.t litlle defects scarcely consti- 
tute a drawback. 

The norlhern portion of the floor is divided into two rooins ^;v. \i 
about 22 I'eet square. One of these has been furnished as a Suir u 
for our meetings, for the display of our pictures, a reception room, 



14 



AKN'UAL REPOKT. 



and other purposes. The otlier is constrncted into a douWo fire-proof 
vault, for tlie salety of our new .-^ic^.M r collection and other irreplac- 
able property. We have expended from our own funds over ^300 
in endeavoring to render this vault secure, and believe it is now free 
from any danger by fire. It is surrounded by walls 20 inches thick, 
and has heavy iron doors" and shutters. Over head it is protected 
by a ceiling of brick, arched on licary iron beams, and has a con- 
crete floor. This vault will contain 1.000 bound volumes of news- 
papers, and all other proi)ert3' whicli we wish to make safe beyond 
perad venture. 

On leaving our old rooms we were compelled to abandon a con- 
sideralile amount of sludving and fixtures, which had cost us over 
$250, and expend more than that amount in book-cases and furni- 
ture to take their place. This, with the cost of fitting up our vault, 
has drawn very heavily on our oU^uA meims. The coiistantly en- 
larging demands on us in many ways by the public for their iiccom- 
dation, betokeiis tliat, while we have always managed the institu- 
tion with the most careful and rigid econonn', the day of small 
things has passed, and our enlarged field and enlarged wants, will 
require enlarged means and expenditures. 

Below will be found a suramar}^ of our expenditures from Jan. 1, 
to Dec. 31, 1ST8, inclusive: 



rorpurcha.se of books $ 75 13 

For binding- of bookf; 14 95 

For express and freight charrres 20 G9 

For postage 37 17 

For fiinri lure 4 10 

For prim ill >;'• 6 50 

For repairs and alteration of room 212 75 

For stationery 3 25 

For miscellaneous items 24 80 

For service 1,5<X) 00 



$ 1,809 3-4 

The amount appropriated for our use in 1S7S was 8*2,500. Seve- 
ral bills for furniture and work in our new rooms, amounting to 
some $400, were due at the date of this report, but not included in 
the expenditures. 



IIISTOIIICAL SOCIKXr. 



15 



THE REAL ESTATE OF THE SOCIETY. 

The fact tliafc we are now provi'l.-.l v/iili aparLiiuMit> wliich, witli 
the ii)crea^c which we will pro]xil)ly enjoy, Avill answer our wants for 
several years, lias given rise to another question, i. e., wouM it not 
he o^)0(l llnaneial })olicy for us to sell our real estate, and fund the 
proceeds, the interest on the same h'.'inc!,- applicable to the increase 
of our lihrar}-? If we do not design or expect to build on our lots 
for some years (and it is safe to say we wiii )iot7) would it not be a 
measure of wisdom and prudence to secure the use or income of so 
much capital? The property now rents lor a nominal sum, which 
the trouble of collectiiig almost balances. They are probably worth 
$10,000. If sold for that sum, and invested in government 4 per 
cents, or some other interest-bearing security, the revenue derivable 
would be quite a handsome income for ■■■ ; rnd, if at the end of some 
years, we are com}>elled to build, an equally good site can without 
dou1)t be secured for the same amount. Ten years ago this same 
question came up, and v/e were only prevented from selling by the 
prohibitor}' clause i]i our charter. Had we sold then, ^we could 
have meantime expended i?f3,000 on our library, a sum we are not 
justified in losing lor another ten years. It would seem, then, to 
be good polic}^ for us to ask that the prohiljitory clause be expunged 
from our charter, 

THE CnAKTER, AlsD QUESTIOXS ARISING UXDER IT. 

About the date of our last annual report some articles had found 
their way into the public prints regarding diiferences which had 
arisen in tlie Society, about the consti'uction to be placed on some 
of the ])rovisions of our charter. Perhaps an explanation of how 
this arose nniy not be out of place. 

The question raised was: Whether the words, *nd their asso- 
ciates", used in the charter of 1S49, conferred the power to elect 
otluu's not named in the act, so that the iiumber of mombers of the 
Society \\'ould be increased beyond the nineteen persons named? A 
portion of our members became convinced, after their attention had 
been called to it, that such power was not conferred, and that the 
act of 1Sr>r), creating an executive council of 25 members, was con- 
sequejitly ino})erative. The snrvivors of the original corporators, 
six in number, and successors to the deceased, elected b}^ them, 
effected an organizaiion in accordance with those vi.'V.s. Thus it 
came about that there were two organizations, each claiming to be 
the ]\Iinuesota Histoiicid Society. As the only way to adjust such 



IG 



ANNUAL KEPOILT. 



a dis^agreemeiit was b}' referring it to some court for a decisiou, the 
Legislature of 1S7S ordertnl tliis to 1)0 done, aiul directed tluit the 
appro])i-iatio]i made at that sertsion ior llie Society, should be paid 
only to tlie organization d<.'cided legal and proper by such court. 
(See clause 20, sec. 1, chap. 97, laws of 1S78.) 

Very soon after this, the- qu,estion was submitted to the Supremo 
Court of Minnesota, in the shape of a Quo Warnoiln^ directed to 
the corporat(»rs. The question was ably argued on both sides, and 
submitted to the court, which, on December oth, filed a decision, 
that the original organization (of 1S49) was the i)roper one, and 
that the one eiiected by the corporators in JS77, could not exercise 
the powers of the Society. The opinion in full is given in tlie ap- 
pendix to this report. 

It is hoped that all parties conceriied are now satisfied witli the 
decision, and that it will set at re?- "'I doubts regarding the legality 
of oar organization. AVe have only to add, that the entire question 
was discussed, and the legal test effected, in an amicable and cordial 
spirit, and all parties were in the meantime working and contribu- 
ting for the common success of the Socict}'. A newspaper discus- 
sion regardiiig the case at issue, carried on l)y two or three of the 
members, at o]ie time became somewhat pungent, and may have 
been mistaken by ihe public lor some real acrijiiojiy supposed to 
exist. Such was not the case. 

It may also not be out of place to add, that all expenses of test- 
ing the Question in the courts were paid by subscription of the 
members, and not a cent of the funds appropriated by the State 
were used for that purpose, nor was the woi'kof the Society retarded 
in any manner In' the issues raised. 

CONCLUSION. 

In closing this report, the Historical Society can pardonably 
speak of the very successful condition in which it enters on the 
thirtieth year of its existence. It is a subject of congratulation, 
too, that so many of the original founders and organizers of the 
Society are still with us. Some of our most faithful and active 
members are those who have been working for the success of the 
Society during the whole twenty-iiiric years of its existence. 

And in view of the dilliculties under which we have labored dur- 
ing the earli'.-r }'ears of the Society, wc ma.y feel some pardonable 
pride in our j'lv-ent standing, and at the success we have compelled. 
Of the future, now that the imperfections of our organization have 
been happily cured, there is no doubt. It is with institutions as 



IIISTOIUCAL SOCIETY. 17 

with men — the world is ready to lielp the succe.ssfal ones, tlioii^h 
it would not have aided them wIil-u thty really needed it. To par- 
aphrase a now trite saying, ''the way to succeed is to succeed." A\'e 
liave demonstrated its truth. 

It might sometimes seem that we could ha\ t; done more. Hut 
ours was a work that could' not be hurried. " Great libraries, it 
has been said, like oak forests, grow slowly, and cannot be hurried 
» to maturity'' — especialh^ when nourished by scanty means. 

It has been observed that our connection with the Society is a 
trust. We have always rcgcirded it as such, and' in that view our 
efforts have been expended to make it successful. Whether v/e have 
faithfully aduiinistercd it as such, been prudent, economical and 
diligent, our works must show. While no human ijistitution, man- 
aged by luunan men, is ever free from criticism, and none altogether 
escape the imputation of being laillLle, we cannot but feel that we 
have been laborers in a good work, and submit it as it now stands, 
to our citizens who have laid the trust on us, as worthy of their 
continued aid, confidence and good will. 



2 



18 



AKN'UAL REPORT. 



DECISION OF THE SUPKE]\[E COUKT. 



The State of ^Minnesota ex rel, the Attoruey General, relator, vs. Henry H. Sib- 
ley et al., respondents. 

Sul.)stantially t!iO cliiim of respondent?!, as set forth in their answer, is based 
npon the proposition thattlie corporation, \vliicli was created by the territorial act 
of October, 20, 1819, contains and can contain but nineteen members; and those 
the corporators tliercin named, aiitl such others as have, since or may hereafter be 
chosen by such body, to fdl any vacancies in their muiibor occasioned by death or 
otherwise; and tliat the coq^oratc body as tlms constituted is rij^ditfully entitled to 
the ex'clusive possession and enjoyment of all the ri.ichts, powers, privileges and 
franchises whicli were conferred Ity that act. In support of this proposition it is 
claimed tliat tlio v. oj-d "associates" in the lirst section of the charter is without 
meaning, as tlipre nsed, and has no force or etfect whatever. Tliis claim is clearly 
repugnant to t]io general rule of construction which requires some effect to be 
given to every \voi-d or pi o^ision of a charter or statute whenever it can be done 
without violence to any other provision or to the general tenor and jmrpose of 
the enactmont. as was said by Chief Mustice Shaw in delivering the opinion of the 
com-t in Lcclnnere liank vs. 13oynton et al. 10 Cush. 8S0, "the term associates as 
often used in acts of incoii")0rati.on is ambiguous. It may mean those who are 
already associated with the persons named, or those who may come in after- 
wards.'" And the iiuiLiiiy hero, as it was then, is to ascertain in what sense the 
word is used in the particular charter under consideration. 

In determining this question it is admissable, if necessary, to consider any 
competent evidence aliunde the charter, in explanation of the ambigmty. If a 
charter granted in terms to several persons tlierein named and their associates, 
was in fact granted upon the joint rerpiest and application of those named and 
others associated with them in applying for it, it might reasonably be supposed 
that tiic legislature intended to embrace them all within the grant, and that the 
word associates waa used to designate tliose of them not specially named in the 
charter. If, however, the grantees so named liadno actual associates at th.(! time, 
or if the charter was given by the legislature of ils own motion and without so- 
licitation or a]iplication from any one, the use of such term in the connection 



niSTOKKJAL SOCIKTY. 



19 



here found lui^ht very properly be rep-arded as inteiidod to api»ly to such persons 
as niif^ht beooine monibor.s of tlio corponilion, upon and after il> or;,Miii/ati()n. 
And this latter is evidently the sense in which the term is used in tlie charter 
under consideration, for it is not chiinied nor j-rctend^d that it wa? procured hy 
or upon the rc'iuest of the j^rantees therein de>;if,'natfd by nam'^, or that it was 
founded upon any petition or application whatever. That the term as here used 
is not meaningless, as claimed by respondents, is further ap])nrent from the lan- 
guagfc and the whole tenor of the Jict itself. It is first enacted "that the nineteen 
persons therein designated and their associates be and they are hereby consti- 
tuted a body cor])oratc and politic, by th*^ name of the Minnesota Historical 
Society," and then in proceeding' to enumerate the special powers and franchises 
which areconftnTcd, and how and by whom they shall be exercised, tiiis sicrnificant 
lanpfuaf^e is used: "And l>y thai name they (the corporators named and tlieir as- 
sociates) and //ir/?* successors shall be, and they are hereby made capable in law to 
contract and be contracted with, sue and be sued,'' etc. The lef,nslature could 
scar cely have chosen more plain and unequivocal language in which to express an 
intention that the continuous artificial body it was about to create should consist 
of a membership comprismg the gi-antees lacinted m the ch.arter, their associates 
and the successors of both these classes, instead of the successors of the original 
grantees .alone, and that the powers and franchises vested in the corporation 
shouhl belong to it as representing for the time being the entire body of its tlicn ex- 
isting members of whatsoever class. The grantees so named in the act as the then 
sole possessors of the franchises, had of course the exclusive right of rejecting the 
charter or of accepting its provisions and organizing the corporation und<^r it. 
When this latter was done, their functions as such original corporators merely 
were at an end. Tiie society thereupon sprang into active life and being, as a 
distinct corporate entity, and beccjiie immediately possessed of all thd rights, 
prinlege.s and franchises expressly conferred by the charter, and endowed with 
all such othei- incidental powers and attributes riot prohibited by it. as belong, 
under such circumstances, to every private cor])oration aggregate. It had there- 
upon the right to admit new members at pleasure, for every such corj^oration 
possesses that incidoutal power when not restrained by its charter, and the char- 
ter in this instance contains no such restriction. Angell Ames, on Corp. Sec. 
83. In the exercise of this as of every corporate power not regulated by some 
charter provision, it could provide general rules upon the >ubjoc-t in its by-laws, 
subject to alteration and amendment, prescribing the I'tui-; and con<litions of 
membersliip, and the mode of admitting new meml>ers, or it could determine 
each case as it arose, according to its own pleasure, " for in every ca<e involvhig 
the exercise of a corporate power not otherwise regulated in the charter, the sole 
law of the cor])oration is thq collective will of a majority of its members as ex- 
pressed wliile regularly acting together in a body in their organi/rd eapacity." 
The society in this instance, at its first organized ni'M^ting. and l».>tore th<^ adop- 
tion of any by-laws, elected as ibs first president, for th<^ t'-rm ofthre.' yr^ar--, v/ith- 
out objection so far as appears, an honored and distinu-'uished eiti/''i!, v, ho forth- 
with took upon himself tlie duties of the oHicc, and tlipncfforth f- r the entire 
term continued to exercise its functions without (pn'stion as to his ritdit to do so. 
lie has since l»een re-elected, and held the sanui ollice, ainl has always exercised 
and enjovcd thiM-ights and borne the duties and rcsi>(tnsibilitie« of a member. 
Yet it i-; now claimed that he has never been suehin la«-t and law. ibr the reason 
that he v.as not one of the original corporators n.une-l in the charter, nor tlie 
lawful successor of one, and for the further reason that lor a long time after the 



20 



ANNUAL RKPOKT. 



adoption of" the conslitutioji by-laws of tli<^ society ho failod, thronj/h inad- 
vertence or otlier\Nnsp, to yi^,'ii the same, in a< rordanco with a direction therein 
contained. Like o>'jectio])s are ur<.,'ed uj^aiiist the is<t,'rt<>d ieg-al ri^rhts of other 
parties to be eon.^idered members who, tliou^'h a<bnitted undt'r and in pursuance 
of the by-laws, and eon.stantly recoj^nizcd and allowed to act a.=! membf:'i-s of the 
Rociely, in all its con)orate transactions and doinj,'-s for years, have, nevertheless, 
omitted likewise t^) comply with this requirement of the by-laws. 1'he first oftheso 
objcclions, which applies also to all members who have b^en admitted under the 
by-laws of the society, has already been sufficiently considered and held invalid, on 
the ^,'round that the corporate ri^^dit of admitting new members was vested in the 
corporation representing all its members, and not in the original nineteen and 
their .successors alone. The other objection is equally untenable. The provision 
of the by-laws in qu'^stiou is simply directory. A mere failure to cojnply with it, 
unintentirmally, as was manifl'stly the fact liere, if followed for years by an active 
paj-ticii»ation in the corporate doings of the society without question from any one, 
will not invalidate a meml^ership thus assorted, acted upon and acqui^^sced in. 
The foundation of the right of membership is the mutual consent and agreement 
of the corporation and the party claiming ■ • .irscrting it; and in all cases where 
this exists, and the fact of membership has been distinctly recognized and acted 
upon by both parties for years, the right exists, unless there is some specific pro- 
vision in the charter to the contrary. The election of a party to office whose 
duties can only be performed by a member of the corporation, and pr-nnitting 
him to enjoy and exercise its functions for a long period of time, uncbalhjngcd by 
any on*^, are corporate acts of tlie strongest character, evidencing an assent of the 
corporation to the adjiiissioii of such party to all the rights and piivileges of 
membcrs]){p. Upoji this bi'anch of the case the conclusion is that the corporate 
body which was created by the original charter of October 20, 18^9, consisted at 
the time the amendatory act of March 1, 185G, was passed, of the then remain- 
ing members of the corporation first named'in.the charter, and such of their then 
associates as had been theretofore admitted to membership by the society, 
according to its l.>y-laws. or in any other lawful way. 

This brings us to the consideration of the question whether said act of 1856 
has been accepted in its entirety by the society as thus constituted. The act itself 
is silent upon the subject of its acceptance. Tlie original charter contains no 
j)rovision regulating the manner in vrhich the corporate light of consenting to 
amendments shall be exercised, nor providing for its exercise for and in behalf of 
the society by any body of its olljcers or any portion of its members. The right, 
therefore, resides in the cori)oraljon itself to be exercised by and through the 
collective body of all its members. A formal vote (>f accept;ince by a majority of 
such body, duly convencil for that purpose, wouMbean accejitance binding upon 
the corjioration. But tliis mode of acceptance is not indisponsil,>le, when, as in 
the case before us. no statutory provision exists requiring it. It may be done by 
any corporate act which clearly recognizes the vididity of the amendment, and 
necessarily presupposes an acceptance of its pi-ovisions iind benefits by tliu corpo- 
ration; and if the new act grants additional powers and i»rivileges to the c<)m- 
pany of a beneficial character, an acceptance may l)e presumed upon slight 
evidi-nco. These rules are loo well settled upon principle and authority to require 
discussion, or admit of di>pute. Angell Sc Ames on Coq-)., Sec. J^-"). Sons of 
Temp. vs. Brown, 11 Minn., 365. 11, II. Co. vs. Smith, il Me., 34. Com. vs. 
Cullen, 13 Pa. st., 13.'). 



HISTORICAL SOCIETY. 



21 



That there has been an unquahficd acceptance hy the societj in this case of all 
the prov]?;ions of the act of March 1, 1S50, is beyond any reasonable controversy 
upon ilie evidence before us. At a special inc-fing lield soon after its pasi;a{^e, a 
resolution v as adopted and spread upon the records of the society, declaring an 
acceptance in express terms, and that it would then proceed to the election of an 
executive council under its ]>rovisions, to take charge of the afl'airs of the corpo- 
ration, as was therein provided, and such council was there and then unanimously 
elected by the nionijers there present. Conceding the irregularity ;tnd even the 
invalidity of these proceedings, as claimed by respondents on the ground that 
the requisite notice of such meeting had not been properly served upon all the 
members, it is clearly shown that their validity has remained unquestioned, and 
been distinctly and repeatedly recognized and acted upon by the society at vari- 
ous subsequent regular meetings and by various coi-porate acts for over twenty 
years. The entire admiiustration of the affairs of the society for thai whole 
period lias been conducted by tlie executive council then chosen and ever since 
continued under the provision^ of section two of the amendatory act, by the exer- 
cise on its pari of the coqiorate })0wers of the society and by the selection of its 
agents and ofiicers. as therein provided, anr"! ^^^i=- without any protest whatever 
from any one until quite recently. The additional privileges andpov. ers granted 
by that act have also been usotl by tlie society in acquiring and holding exeuipt 
from taxation a large amount of real and personal property in excess of the limit 
prescribed by the original charter. Under these circumstances there would seem 
to be no ground for any serious controversy on the question of acceptance. 

for the reasons above stated the court awai'ds judgment of ouster against 
the respondents. 

CORNELL, J. 

Note.— ^Associate Justice Bcrr^ took no pari in this case. 



22 



ANlTtTAL KErOKT. 



« 



LIST 'of donors. 

I. FIJOM I:^T^"'TTT''UALS. 

r.ooks. I'ajuphieis. 

Hon. Charles Francis Arlams, Boston 2 

Dr. C. n. BoiirduKin. St. Paul 1 

Josiah Boot!;bv: Anst.rjlia ] 

Rev. 0. I). BAM,<\ B^.ton 10 

R. A. Brock. Kichmoii.l. Ya 3 

C. P. CliapniaiK Mniikalo ~ 1 

Robert Ckirke iV Co. r'br ijinafi 1 

Charles H. Clark. >']ni.. apoli^ 1 

Howard II. Clevekuicl, St. Paul 1 

P. Cvidaiore, LeSu'^^'ur ' .' i 1 

Hon. C. K. Davis, St. Panl 1 

Rev. M. McG. Dana, St. Paul 4 

Franklin l)e>de.v, LilDT.rian, Yale Collejre 2 

Dan"l S. i)uiTie, .Madi-.on, Wis 1 

Dr. Samuel A. ("mv.-i, Boston 61 

Geo. A. Han^iliou. St. Paul G 13 

C. L. Hall, St. Paul ■ 1 

.Toseph .Jackson llo^^'a} -^, L L. D. London 12 

Victor Hiortsberi:, Sr. I'nnl C> 

Hon. .lohi S. Iruvns, SI. Banl 1 

('has. W. -Johnson. .Mirmeapolis 1 

Gen, R. \V. .John.son, St. Paul 1 

R. C. Jnrl.'jon. Farnnuirton 1 

Dr. Geo. H. Keith, JMinncapolis 1 

Wm. H. Kelly, St. Paid 8 

Fred'Tjck, Pvidd^n-. l.'osion 1 

M. D. Kinyon, St. Paul 1 

Rev. I). B. Kiiickerh;i( leer. Minneapolis 1 

Hon. John Jay Knnx, Washington 2 

Gen. Wui. G. Le Due, Washington 10 1 

L. P. Lee, New Briuun, Coini.. 1 

Hon. John Blair Linn. Havrisbury-, }'a 1 

Man ton .^larbl.% New York " 1 

C. M. MvCnnhv, Si. Paul 2 

Hon. S. J. ];. ArcMilinn. St. Paul IT, 

Charli.s P. :.lavo. St. Paul 10 

Prof. A. C. Morey. Winona 1 

FmidN- J. Mead, imv-apoli*^ 1 

Joel Mun.voll. Albany, N. Y 13 

Rev. E. D. NeiJl, iMinucapolis , i 



HISTORICAL socurry. 23 

T. M. Newson, St. Paul 1 

Gon. \V. H. Far^on.s X.-v- York 1 

S. W. rcniivpiickcr, Philuadphia 1 

; ' Jlon. Ti. M. iJice, St. Paul 11 

Col. 1). A. Kol)Orlson, St. J'anl 40 

Gen. n. II. Sibley. St. Paul 2 

JajDOs Shoemaktn-, Mankato ] 

I }lon. A. C. Smith, Lilchtleld ■ 1 

i Ifiaac Sinuckor, 2Sewark, (.) '? 

Dr. J. H. Stewart, St. Paul 14 

Tlios. J. Snddard, Cliica'^o 1 

y ' ■ Kcv. .7. W. Stron^^ 1). D.. Noi-thficld 9 

! ■ :. Col. Win. H. Taylor, St. Paul. 1 

' V ■ ]{ev. J. F. Tuttio, Crawfordsvilie, Ind •. G 3-i 

5 ; ' Allen Whitman, St. Paul 17 

• ' }). II. Whitnev, Boston 1 

A. II. Wilder; St. J^iul 1 

J. Fletcher Willitaii.^, Si. Paul «. 2S 1 

! II. SOCIETIES AND INSTITUTIONS. 

! 

I Americwin Antiquarian Society ■ 2 

I . American Ct^n^i^a-e.-sional Association 1 

I Astor Lil'rary 1 

j Purea.u oi' Fducation 3 

I Postun I'ublic Li!.>rary • 1 

I Punker Hill -\ionuiU' i:: A-^ociation 2 

j . Chieag-o Mistr.rical .-ori -'.y 5. SO 

I Coimiioms tMitii mC M,! 1 

j Pavi'tipoit A(\<i]>']nv ol'2Natural Scieh. 1 

! Delaware lli-io:-ical Sooi^ity 10 

| - Department ('t' tlio In'f'vior 57 1 

i Depai-lm'M)t of Ag'ricultare 2 

; District ili-torical Society, Ohio 2 

Essex Institute 8 

Em;ineer J)<'p;u-tmeuf, U. S, A 8 

Fiee Pui)lio Library, AVorccster, Ma??; 1 

Georg'ia ]li.4<jriral Society 1 

Ilarvanl ('c/lf^'-o Library.* 1 

j Historical Sociriy ol" Pa 1 

■| Iowa lli.-tni iccd iot s ■ • 1 

Kansas 11 i^toricil Soci'.-iy 7 11 

I/ibrary (Jo. of Phikidolphiti 1 

Library of (.\'m'j:r>:>< 3 

Long iskiu'l llistoi'ical Si'ciotv 2 

MarylaivlJli.duric'.il S'.virtv " 3 

jVferca utile Library .Asyoelahon. X. Y 1 

jM;is..arlm~-clt< Hi^turiral Society 3 

}^]a^<arlius-M>' Horticiiii-ird So'oety 3 

l\Imr;- L'ta Aci. l.-iiiv (>[ Na.'p.ral Science, Minneapolis 2 

ISb'v/ lai-laji 1 I li-lMrii- i'iva-alo,:,acal Society 1 1 

New Lnicliuul Sm, wfy ( >i-;inLre, N. Y.. . ! 1 

Nev/ .b'rs'-y Hi >'\-h'l\\ 1 

New York S;. IN: r;.luary 1 

Pt-abody i'.du' a'.i,.ii;d Fund 1 

IVabo.ly lii^tilut.-. b^ahimore 1 

Peabnny M>is.-iim of Arehanolo^y, Cambrld'^e 1 

Public Se!,.);ill/;br,.rvS; T ..i-!. . ? 1 

Rh(Kl" L'and Hi.!,..;. . ] .v.,. i.;ly 2 

Jiollius I'ublivhitiir Cii:ca.<,'o'. 1 

. Secre{ary of War 2 

San Francisco Lil>rary Association 1 

Surveyor General of Ca)rada 2 



JJooks an«l lViiapliltH> ori Auw?iv;aii Ili-^toiy, Biui;nipliy and Gonealogy, par- 
ticiiliuly tlicso roluiing to the V."<.'<fc; Wuik^ on oui Jii.lian TriU's. aii<l American 

I ArchiT^olog}' au<J EtbDolo;^)': SiatisHcid and S'/h^ntiilo rul)lit'utions of Sta(o> or 

■ Societif's: iJooks or Painphl(;ts relating to the Great llclj'.'lliou ; privately )>i-inl<.'(.l 

! works; New>papC'rs; ^fap^ Chads; 1^..^ i^^: An!:ouri'api\s; Coinis; Antiqui- 

I ties; and Encyclopf.'dias. Dictionaries and BiUio!;!. j[>hical >vork>» of every kird. 

j Entire sets of works ar-^" cspi'oially solicited, or coll.v. f i-ui of books on any ^abject. 

I but single vohimes, or paoiphloLr-, even, '.vill b'- i.T;ii^^fiijly received. E:-pociully 

( do v.'C dtTsire. 

I KVKUY]1IIX<.T KKLATING TO OVYl OWX STATK. 

! 

i 1. Travoh and Expl . t^ition'^: City Directovles; Coi-ics of the tv.rlier La\v> ami 

i Journals of o^ir i..!.d:d.ituicrOi-diaauco^ ofCir;!-s: and m ?iiort every book, 

I ou any c-n''.>iect. printed in the State or el;sev.-lier..\ rr'Iarjn^' to it. 

2. Pamphlets of nil kinds; C-ataloftues of Minns^-rota collr^i'Cs roid other Institn- 
ii',: - - ^ I. ,M ''v.ir: Anniiai R-^ports of cooicti:*s; ^t'ilnoll^: and Adthv-sres 
■ >^!:alf?: Miirotc-: of Ctiurcii (Jonv^-niions. hj.'nods, or other 
. ': ; ;,..:lio- of Minn-'sotrt : LV:>liticai Add;;o-s^'^; Kaiiroad au(l tk'l^rd 

' Oi Ir^Mi.;; aeporrs: Pampidt'ts relatiiiLr '.o rhis >tate. 

i ril'-^ "^T- V. V ; i .0 aga.zine-<. 'vo-p-icially coinp!-.ve V • 

. •a"." Publi>her.j ar»» «irne.<tly 
, .. I iTularly, all of which will bo ^ 

: pre^i'ive'i and O'juud. 

■ }. Vr.- I f'-.r - !f'<.-.-.-y: rv-1 T.-.-tters, .TournaU. and Munu.-cript 

• • Ori;xinal Pupors on trio Early 

: Advi'Mlui".? and ConHii-ts <lnnng 

i VV a.- or liio La;..! iiiu^rap'iitv of the Fioiwrs of every 

•l.er hvincr or dec- !<'^d. loi^oliio: wiili tht'ir portraits and auto- 
'i of the selr.lianont of every town and \iila,L:o in thf iilate, 
le fn-.-t .sotrhMs. We sohcit i\rticU;s nn every su«\iect con- 
L . .... \:.i'inesota Hi-iory. 

'y. "slaps o.f Town Site? oiCoantieL-. of any date; Vi'nvs and Kngravinsr^ of build- 
iv.ir- or historic phire.s; Orawint,'-; or i-*lv;.top-aphs of Scenery: Paintia.irs: 
Portrait-, Arc. vO]n)e:'ted wiih Minm^sota hi-rory. 

, G. Curiosities ot all kinds for oar Mnso'im: Coin-^: M<'daU;: Painting-s; Portraits; 

Enpravinc-^; .Statnes; NVru. Kelics: Ant \:;r.'pii Leittfrs uf «li^tin.Lruished 
person-, etc.. 

[ 7. Fii*:t.- llkisrnitive of our Indian Tribes.: Tii"ir lli-tory. Cliaracteristicc?. Reliif- 
, ion. A-'c: Sketclies of ll:.'ir j.nunin'Mit < 'hiei-^. < )tat'^rs and Warriors, to- 

,u- i!i-T vilh contributioiH <>!' Indi.in \\'.':!p'-'^. < \-.-4-i>>r'^. ( )i;ii;uiieuS-. Cn- 
i ri^-iiic^ aii'l lnl)-'it.'in"n;:^. Al^-. Si;.n" A\ ' w H-ads, i>oiLery. 

I or oLli'^r f.eh'-s of til*.' }•r^M•.i>l(n■ic rare-'. 

In bn.-f, ^vr/-//^/*.";?;/ rliat, by the n^o-a i '.m illu.^rate the 

• history ut Mione.-ola: i-.i early -jottlomcnr , ;. iw^^ent conditio!!. 
! which wilt !ic M' value or inti-icst to siiCccedin. 

j (.loniianriicivti'.nis or iriit-^ uiay bo addressed I ■ h>ociety. 
; Paul. 



'4 8 2 4